Table of contents for Educational adequacy and the courts : a reference handbook / Elaine M. Walker.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Series Editor's Preface
Preface and Acknowledgments
1Introduction
	Education and the Democratic Ideal
	Disparate Outcomes in Educational Achievement and Attainment
	Accounting for Continuing Disparities in Educational Attainment
	Responding to the Evidence of Unequal Educational Outcomes
		Federal Response
		State Reform Efforts
	From Equity to Adequacy: School Finance Cases
	Role of the Courts
	Conclusion
		References
2Educational Adequacy
	Intrinsic Equality
	Educational Inputs
		Fiscal or Wealth Neutrality 
		Horizontal and Vertical Equity
	Educational Outputs/Adequacy Constitutional Claims
		States' Education Clauses
	Defining Educational Adequacy
		The Courts and Educational Adequacy
		Adequacy as a Socially Constructed Concept
	Adequacy and Current Reform Trends
	Funding Adequacy
	Conclusion
		References
3Chronology
4Legislative Formulations of Remedies
	Separation of Power Doctrine
	Political Question Doctrine
	Majoritarian Accountability
	Legislative Process
	State Legislative Response
		Alabama
		Kentucky
		New Jersey 
		Ohio
		Texas
	Institutional Reform: The Effects of Politics, Judicial Duress, and Social Justice
		References
5 Role of State Education Departments
	Historical Perspective on State Educational Systems
		Establishment of State Education Departments
	States' Education Governance Structures
	Influences on State School Boards and Education Agencies
	Systemic Reform and a New Paradigm for State Educational Agencies
		Capacity Building and State Departments of Education 
	 Policy Instrument Choices of State Education Departments 
		Regulations
		Incentives
		 Incentive Systems that Operate within Existing Schools 
Incentive Systems that Operate Outside Existing Schools
		Information and Technical Support
		Administrative and Organizational Reform
		Direct Government Supply
	Conclusion
		References
6Impact on Schools
	 Preschool and Early Childhood Education
	Primary Education
	Class Size
	Comprehensive School Reform
	Decentralization
	Accountability
	Supplemental Services
	Facilities Improvement
	Conclusion
		References
7Organizations, Associations, and Governmental Agencies
8Print and Nonprint Resources
	Governmental Publications
	Private and Public Think-Tank Publications
	Books and Journals
	Websites
Table of Cases
Glossary
Index
About the Author

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Educational equalization -- Law and legislation -- United States.
Educational accountability -- Law and legislation -- United States.
Education -- Finance -- Law and legislation -- United States.
Education and state -- United States.