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Contents Series Editor's Preface Preface and Acknowledgments 1Introduction Education and the Democratic Ideal Disparate Outcomes in Educational Achievement and Attainment Accounting for Continuing Disparities in Educational Attainment Responding to the Evidence of Unequal Educational Outcomes Federal Response State Reform Efforts From Equity to Adequacy: School Finance Cases Role of the Courts Conclusion References 2Educational Adequacy Intrinsic Equality Educational Inputs Fiscal or Wealth Neutrality Horizontal and Vertical Equity Educational Outputs/Adequacy Constitutional Claims States' Education Clauses Defining Educational Adequacy The Courts and Educational Adequacy Adequacy as a Socially Constructed Concept Adequacy and Current Reform Trends Funding Adequacy Conclusion References 3Chronology 4Legislative Formulations of Remedies Separation of Power Doctrine Political Question Doctrine Majoritarian Accountability Legislative Process State Legislative Response Alabama Kentucky New Jersey Ohio Texas Institutional Reform: The Effects of Politics, Judicial Duress, and Social Justice References 5 Role of State Education Departments Historical Perspective on State Educational Systems Establishment of State Education Departments States' Education Governance Structures Influences on State School Boards and Education Agencies Systemic Reform and a New Paradigm for State Educational Agencies Capacity Building and State Departments of Education Policy Instrument Choices of State Education Departments Regulations Incentives Incentive Systems that Operate within Existing Schools Incentive Systems that Operate Outside Existing Schools Information and Technical Support Administrative and Organizational Reform Direct Government Supply Conclusion References 6Impact on Schools Preschool and Early Childhood Education Primary Education Class Size Comprehensive School Reform Decentralization Accountability Supplemental Services Facilities Improvement Conclusion References 7Organizations, Associations, and Governmental Agencies 8Print and Nonprint Resources Governmental Publications Private and Public Think-Tank Publications Books and Journals Websites Table of Cases Glossary Index About the Author
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Educational equalization -- Law and legislation -- United States.
Educational accountability -- Law and legislation -- United States.
Education -- Finance -- Law and legislation -- United States.
Education and state -- United States.