Table of contents for The biology of soil : a community and ecosystem approach / Richard D. Bardgett.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
1 The soil environment 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Soil formation 1
1.3 Soil-forming factors 6
1.3.1 Parent materia l7
1.3.2 Climate 8
1.3.3 Topography 9
1.3.4 Time 11
1.3.5 Human influences 16
1.4 Soil properties 17
1.4.1 Soil texture and structure 18
1.4.2 Soil organic matter 19
1.4.3 Soil water 21
1.4.4 Soil pH 21
1.5 Conclusions 23
2 The diversity of life in soil 24
2.1 Introduction 24
2.2 The soil biota 25
2.2.1 The primary consumers 26
2.2.2 Secondary and higher-level consumers 31
2.3 Patterns of soil biodiversity 38
2.3.1 Global patterns of soil biodiversity 39
2.3.2 Landscape patterns of soil biodiversity 41
2.3.3 Local patterns of soil biodiversity 47
2.4 Temporal patterns of soil biodiversity 52
2.5 Conclusions 55
3 Organism interactions and soil processes 57
3.1 Introduction 57
3.2 Microbial control of soil nutrient availability 58
3.2.1 Nitrogen mineralization 58
3.2.2 Nitrogen fixation 62
3.2.3 Microbial phosphorus mineralization 64
3.2.4 The role of mycorrhizal fungi in plant nutrient supply 69
3.3 Influence of animal-microbial interactions on nutrient availability 70
3.3.1 Selective feeding on microbes by soil animals 71
3.3.2 Effects of microbial-feeding fauna on nutrient cycling and plant growth 72
3.3.3 Non-nutritional effects of microbial grazers on plant growth 75
3.3.4 Multitrophic controls on soil processes 75
3.4 Effects of animals on biophysical properties of soil 77
3.4.1 Consumption of litter and the production of fecal pellets 77
3.4.2 Physical engineering of the soil structure 78
3.5 Functional consequence of biological diversity in soil 79
3.6 Conclusions 85
4 Linkages between plant and soil biological communities 86
4.1 Introduction 86
4.2 Individual plant effects on soil biological properties 86
4.2.1 Experimental evidence of effects of individual plants on soil biota 88
4.2.2 Hemiparasitic plants 90
4.2.3 A role for plant polyphenols 92
4.2.4 Theoretical framework for explaining plant species effects on soils 96
4.3 Plant diversity as a driver of soil biological properties 99
4.4 Influence of soil biota on plant community dynamics 103
4.4.1 Mycorrhizal associations and plant community dynamics 103
4.4.2 Nitrogen fixing organisms and plant community dynamics 105
4.4.3 Root pathogens and plant community dynamics 107
4.4.4 Effects of root-feeding fauna on plant community dynamics 109
4.4.5 Effects of macrofauna on plant community dynamics 112
4.4.6 Microbial-plant partitioning of nutrients 113
4.5 Plant-soil feedbacks and ecosystem development 116
4.6 Conclusions 117
5 Above-ground trophic interactions and soil biological communities 119
5.1 Introduction 119
5.2 Mechanisms 120
5.2.1 Effects of herbivores on resource quantity 120
5.2.2 Effects of herbivores on resource quality 122
5.2.3 Effects of herbivores on vegetation composition 124
5.3 Comparisons of ecosystems 126
5.3.1 Effects of mammalian herbivores on soil and ecosystem properties of grasslands 127
5.3.2 Effects of herbivores on soil and ecosystem properties of Arctic tundra 130
5.3.3 Effects of herbivores on soil and ecosystem properties of forests 135
5.4 Conclusions 138
6 Soil biological properties and global change 140
6.1 Introduction 140
6.2 Climate change 141
6.2.1 Elevated CO2 and soil biota 142
6.2.2 Influence of elevated CO2 on soil nutrient availability 146
6.2.3 Influence of soil N availability on ecosystem responses to elevated CO2 149
6.2.4 Elevated CO2 and plant community composition 150
6.2.5 Effects of elevated temperature 152
6.2.6 Soil carbon sequestration 159
6.3 Atmospheric N deposition 162
6.3.1 Effects of N enrichment on plant and soil biological communities, and ecosystem C turnover 163
6.3.2 The retention and export of pollutant N 166
6.4 Invasive species 170
6.4.1 Above-ground invasive organisms 171
6.4.2 Below-ground invasive organisms 173
6.5 Land use transformation 177
6.6 Conclusions 181
7 Conclusions 183
BIBLIOGRAPHY 190
INDEX 000

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Soil biology.