Table of contents for Turkey's Kurds in perspective : a theoretical analysis of Abdullah èOcalan and the PKK / Ali Kemal èOzcan.

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Table of Contents
Preface 8
Introduction 
I. Methodological Framework 12 
a. Scope of the Study 12 
b. The Literature on the Kurds 15 
c. Fieldwork and Theoretical Setting 19
II. A General Picture 25 
a. The ?Rome March? 27 
b. Individual and Mass Reactions 
30 
c. The Abduction of Öcalan 34
d. The Wave of Mass Demonstrations of the Early Nineties 36
e. ?Official? Figures 
38 
f. Summary 39
 
Chapter 1. NATIONALISM 
44
I. Distilling the ?Mongrelized? Twin Concepts of Modernity 
47
a. Nation 
49
The Most Discussed Definitions of the Nation 50
What I Shall Mean By ?Nation? 59 
b. Nationalism: Regurgitated or Demystified? 64
Departures and Arrivals of National Politics 
65
?Types? of Nationalisms 71
Two Faces of ?Modern Janus? 76
The Only ?Face? of Nationalism 
86
II. The Twilight of ?Communist Nationalism? 
89
a. The Banal and Naïve ?Realpolitik? towards ?National Question? 90
The Right of Nations to Self-determination	 
92
Revolutionary Romanticism versus the Fact of Social 96
b. What to Blame for the ?Historical Failure? 100
Conclusions 109
III. Kurds? Nationness and Nationalism in Modern Turkey 110
Chapter 2. THE SEEDS OF TURKEY?S KURDISH QUESTION 
117
I. The Last Push for the Last Refuge 118
a. An Aesthetic Expression: The National War of Independence 119
b. Kemal?s Initial Proposal 122
c. Revolution or Reforms and Revisions? 124
d. The Central Aim of the Efforts 128
II. The Vital Concerns of the Republican Turkish Political Elite: A ?National 
War? Without Nationalism 130 
a. The Ottoman Committee of Union and Progress (CUP) 132
b. The Steps Subsequent to the CUP?s Experience 138
III. The Sharp Contrast between the Two Policies 143
a. The Nature of the Battle 143
b. The Seeds of the Question are Planted 146
Chapter 3. ENTER THE PKK 151
I. The Accumulative Period 151
a. The Silent Decades 152
b. The Emergence of the Turkish Left through the Democratic ?Gaps? of the Coup154 
c. The Radical Tradition of Youth Movements 157
II. The Emergence of the ?Apocular? Group 159
a. The Army Marches in Again 159
b. The Impact of Particular Events on Öcalan?s Leadership 160
c. Preliminary Steps towards the Group 164
d. The Declaration of the Group and the ?Return to the Source? 167
e. The Meeting in Fis: The Founding Congress of the PKK 171
Chapter 4. THE DISCOURSE AND OBJECTIVES OF THE PKK 175
I. The Theoretical Development of the Party and its Programme 
from its Foundation to Öcalan?s Arrest 
175
a. Ideological and Programmatic Framework 176
b. Implementation Followed by Evolution 182
c. The Evolution of the Years of Armed Propaganda 183
d. The Years of Building the Guerrilla War 
187
e. The Years of Massification and the Collapse of Existing Socialism 200
II. Following Öcalan?s Arrest: The ?Second Manifesto? 214
a. The Legal Defences at Imralli Prison 214
b. The Programme of ?Re-foundation? 229
Concluding Remarks 233
Chapter 5. SOURCES OF MOTIVATIONS 237
I. Tribe and Treason: the ?Twin Heritage? of Kurdishness 237
a. The Constancy of Tribal Existence 238
Arrested Tribality 
239
b. Tribe and Kurdish Tribe 
250
c. The Appreciation of Treason among the Kurds 
256
II. The Nature and Resource Field of the Organization 260
a. A Dormant Resource 261 
b. The Basic Organizational Structure 264
c. Party Membership 266
d. Organizational Procedure and the Search for Democratization 269
e. Party Education 278
III. Messianic Charisma: For Whom It Operates 301
a. The Problem of the Concepts 302
b. The Reification and Ramifications of the Power of Charisma: How It Operates 306
c. The Routinization of the ?Apo? Charisma 312
Conclusions 315
Chapter 6. THE RISE AND FALL OF THE PKK 325
I. The Organizational Ascent 
326
a. Clarifying the Cardinal Point 326
b. The Rising Decade: From the 1980 Coup D?état to the 1990 Mass Eruptions 330
c. The Apex Years: Settlement of the Impasse 340
d. Hints of the Fall 344
II. The Organizational Vicious Circle and its Shrinkage 348
a. Repetitive Cycle: Consolidation of the Impasse 349
b. The Source of Repetition 355
c. The Wrongs of Repetition 365
d. The Deconstruction of Collective Action 369
e. Öcalan?s Charisma: The ?Party Leadership? 372
f. The Nationalism of the PKK: A Nationalismless Nationalism 380
Concluding Remarks 387
Chapter 7. CONCLUSION 394
a. Summary of Conclusions 394
The Social Base and Class Politics 395
Institutionalization of the ?Bureaucratic Staff? 398
Endeavours towards the Re-acquisition of Great Human Naturalness 399
Coexisting Mutation and Insistent Consistency 401
b. General Conclusion 403
Epilogue 409
Tables 427
Appendix 1 Questionnaire 433
Appendix 2 The Basic Constitutional Schema of the PKK 437 
Appendix 3 List of Self-immolations 438
Bibliography 441

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Kurds -- Turkey -- Politics and government -- 20th century.
Partiya Karkerãen Kurdistanãe.
Kurds -- History -- Autonomy and independence movements.