Table of contents for The geography of tourism and recreation : environment, place, and space / C. Michael Hall and Stephen J. Page.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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CONTENTS
List of plates	
List of figures	
List of tables	
Acknowledgements	
1 INTRODUCTION: TOURISM MATTERS!	
Tourism, Recreation, Leisure and Mobility	
The Issue of Scale: Empiricism, Paradigms and Transformations	
The Development of the Geography of Tourism and Recreation	
The Status of the Geography of Tourism and Recreation	
Knowledge	
Action: The Development of an Applied Geography of Tourism and Recreation	
Culture	
Insight: The Geography of Tourism and Recreation Outside the Anglo-American Tradition	
Transforming the Geography of Tourism and Recreation	
Questions	
Reading	
2 THE DEMAND FOR RECREATION AND TOURISM	
Geographers and Demand: Historical Perspectives
Recreational Demand	
Barriers to Recreation
Seasonality	
Financial Resources and Access to Recreational Opportunity
Gender and Social Constraints
The Geography of Fear in Recreation and Leisure Spaces: Gender-based Barriers to Participation
Case Study: The Geography of Fear and Recreational Participation: Implications for Social Exclusion
	The Geography of Fear and Urban Park Use in Leicester	
	Summary Points	
Social Exclusion: Conditioning Leisure Participation
Resources and Fashions	
Walking as a leisure pursuit: A function of resources and fashion
Case Study: Myles Dunphy and the Australian Bushwalking Movement
Measuring Recreational Demand	
Problems and Methods of Measuring Recreational Demand
Time Budget Survey Techniques
The UK 2000 Time Use Survey
National Evaluations of Recreational Demand: International Perspectives
	United Kingdom
	United States
	Poland
The Regional Demand for Leisure and Recreation in London
The Spatial Analysis of Demand at the Micro Level: Site Surveys
Tourism Demand
What is Tourism Demand?
Tourist Motivation
MaslowÆs Hierarchy Model and Tourist Motivation
The Measurement of Tourism Demand: Tourism Statistics
Defining Tourism
Technical Definitions of Tourism
Domestic Tourism Statistics
International Tourism Statistics
Methodological Issues	
Problems of Accuracy
Patterns of Tourism: International Perspectives
Global Patterns of Tourism	
Patterns of Domestic Tourism
The New Zealand Domestic Tourism Survey	
Conclusions	
Questions	
Reading	
 3 THE SUPPLY OF RECREATION AND TOURISM
The Supply Factor in Recreation
How Has the Geographer Approached the Analysis of Recreational Supply Issues?
Insight: Local Authority Expenditure on Leisure and Recreation Provision û Walsall Metropolitan Borough Council
Descriptive Research on Location and Travel
Explanatory Research on Location and Travel
Predictive Research on Location
Normative Research on Location
Supply and Demand in Recreational Contexts: Spatial Interactions
The Green Belt Concept
Insight: Country Parks as a Spatial Recreational Tool: Intercepting Urban Recreationalists Seeking the Countryside
The Multiple Use of Recreational Resources
The Supply of Tourism	
Insight: The Destination Life Cycle	
Towards a Critical Geography of Tourism Production
Insight: Economic Globalisation
International Hotel Chains
The Leisure Product
The Role of the Public and Private Sector in Tourism Supply
Spatial Analytical Approaches to the Supply of Tourism Facilities
Tourist Facilities
Insight: Towards Geographical Analyses of Hospitality: Research Agendas
Conclusion	
Questions
Reading
4 THE IMPACTS OF TOURISM AND RECREATION
Impacts û Recreation Resource Management
Carrying Capacity
Insight: The Recreation Opportunity Spectrum
The Limits of Acceptable Change
Insight: The Tourism Optimisation Management Model (TOMM)
Economic Analysis
Insight: The Economic Impact of Events
The Analysis of TourismÆs Social Impacts
Insight: Trafficking, Sex Tourism and Slavery
Physical Environmental Impacts
Conclusion	
Questions
Reading
5 URBAN RECREATION AND TOURISM
Geographical Approaches to Urban Recreation
Insight: Stanley Park, Vancouver
The Evolution of Urban Recreation in Britain
Urban Recreation: A Socio-geographic Perspective
The 1800s
The 1840s
The 1880s
The 1920s
The 1960s and Beyond	
Case Study: The Evolution of Parks and Open Space in Victorian Leicester
	Park Development in Victorian Leicester	
	Post-Victoria Park Development
	Summary Points
Methods of Analysing Urban Recreation
Urban Recreational Planning	
Open Space Planning: Spatial Principles
Case Study: The Management, Planning and Provision of Urban Parks in the 1990s. The Example of Newham, East London	
	Urban Park and Open Space Provision in London
	The London Borough of Newham	
	Summary Points
Urban Tourism
Understanding the Neglect of Urban Tourism by Researchers
Approaches to Urban Tourism: Geographical Analysis
The Tourist Experience of Urban Tourism	 
Insight: Tourism in Capital Cities	
The Urban Tourism Market: Data Sources	 
Urban Tourism: Behavioural Issues	 
Tourist Perception and Cognition of the Urban Environment	 
Tourism Cognitive Mapping	 
Insight: The Value of Urban Heritage Resources	 
Service Quality Issues in Urban Tourism	 
The Significance of Urban Tourism	 
Conclusion	 
Questions	 
Reading	 
6 RURAL RECREATION AND TOURISM	
In Pursuit of the Concept of æRuralÆ	
Conceptualising the Rural RecreationûTourism Dichotomy	
The GeographerÆs Contribution to Theoretical Debate in Rural Contexts	
Towards a Concept of Rural Tourism	
What Makes Rural Tourism Distinctive?	
Rural Recreation and Tourism in Historical Perspective	
The GeographerÆs Approach to Rural Recreation and Tourism	
Studies of Demand	
The Supply of Rural Recreation
The Impact of Rural Recreation	
Insight: Second Homes in the Countryside	
Rural Tourism: Spatial Analytical Approaches	
The Impact of Rural Tourism
The Economic Impact
The Environmental Effects of Rural Tourism
Insight: Wine, Food and Tourism	
Recreation, Tourism and Sustainability	
Conclusion	
Questions	
Reading	
7 TOURISM AND RECREATION IN THE PLEASURE PERIPHERY: WILDERNESS AND NATIONAL PARKS	
The Changing Meaning of Wilderness in Western Society	
Insight: What is the effect of World Heritage listing?
The Environmental History of National Parks and Wilderness Areas	
The Values of Wilderness	
Insight: National Parks and Indigenous Peoples 
Identifying Wilderness			
Case Study: Wilderness Inventory in Australia	
	Wilderness Inventories	
	From Identification to Preservation	
	Summary Points	
Tourist and Recreational Demand for Wilderness, National Parks and Natural Areas	
Supplying the Wilderness and Outdoor Recreation Experience
Insight: Peripheral Areas, Wilderness and Global Environmental Change	
Conclusion	
Questions	
Reading	
8 COASTAL AND MARINE RECREATION AND TOURISM
The Coastline as a Recreation and Tourist Resource: Its Discovery and Recognition as a Leisure Resource
The GeographerÆs Contribution to the Analysis of Coastal Recreation and Tourism
The Historical Analysis of Recreation and Tourism in the Coastal Zone
Insight: The Promotion of the Seaside Resort: Place-Promotion Strategies
Models of Coastal Recreation and Tourism
Tourist and Recreational Travel to the Coast
Tourist and Recreational Behaviour: Use and Activity Patterns in Coastal Environments	
Environmental Perspectives on Coastal Recreation and Tourism
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
Insight: Cruise Tourism	
Conclusion	
Questions
Reading
9 TOURISM AND RECREATION PLANNING AND POLICY	
Recreation Planning Policy	
The Evolution of Leisure and Recreation Planning	
Recreation Planning: The Concern with Space and Place
Tourism Planning and Policy
What is Tourism Planning?
Approaches to Tourism Planning	
Co-operative and Integrated Control Systems
Insight: The Changing Role of Government and Sustainability	
Development of Industry Co-ordination Mechanisms
Raising Consumer Awareness
Raising Producer Awareness
Insight: The International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO)
Strategic Planning to Supersede Conventional Approaches
Insight: Singapore: Tourism 21	
Tourism Policy
Conclusion	
Questions	
Reading	
10 THE FUTURE	
Geography û The Discipline: Direction and Progress	
Revisiting Applied Geography	
Contributions	
The Role of GIS and Tourism: A Tool for Applied Geographic Research
The Role of the Geographer in the New Millennium: Whither Tourism and Recreation?	
Insight: The Future û The Ageing Population	
Transformations?
Questions	
Reading	
References	
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Tourism.
Recreation.
Recreation areas.