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Contents Acknowledgments xv Preface xvii The Jerusalem Woman as Typifying the "Jewess of Erez Israel" / xvii Immigration and Its Motives in the Nineteenth Century / xix The Old Yishuv: The Holy Community / xxi Aims of This Study and Methodological Questions / xxv Chapter 1: The Female Experience of Immigration 1 Male Initiative: Immigration as Breakup or UniÞcation of the Family / 1 Female Initiative: Immigration as a Quasi-monastic Experience / 6 The Experience of Self-SacriÞce: SanctiÞcation of Suffering / 12 IdentiÞcation with Jewish Historical Experience / 14 Pilgrimage to the Holy Places: Immigration within Immigration / 18 Hilulot: Festivities at Saints' Gravesides / 25 Rachel's Tomb as the Culmination of Women's Immigration / 28 A New Reality / 33 Chapter 2: Princess or Captive? Marriage as a Female Experience 35 Marriage as a Necessity: The Power of the Community / 36 Marriageable Age / 38 Matchmaking: A Deal, a Quick Look, and Agreement / 41 Intercommunal Marriages as a Two-Way Street / 45 The Dowry / 49 The Engagement Ceremony / 54 The Wedding Celebrations / 56 Captive under the Wedding Canopy / 67 Chapter 3: Women at Home 69 Women's Clothing: Private and Public Aspects / 69 The Home: Physical Space and Its Inßuence on Women's Lives / 75 Marital Relationships as a Mirror of Perception of Family / 81 Childbirth and the Newborn / 91 Mothers and Children / 95 Divorce: Dissolution of the Family Unit / 99 The Gender-Shaping Aspect of Jerusalem Regulations / 105 Chapter 4: Women in the Public Sphere: Religious, Economic, and Philanthropic Involvement 108 The "Women's Section" as Symbol of Their Activity in the Public Sphere / 108 Economic Life in Jerusalem / 110 Women in Business / 113 Women in Menial Occupations / 117 Women in Health Services / 119 From Domestic Handiwork to Home Industry / 120 Women in Education as a Channel of Modernization / 124 Wealthy Women / 125 Philanthropy as Women's Path to the Public Sphere / 127 Charitable Institutions: Women in Voluntary Social Work / 128 Hospitality as Creation of Life / 131 Ezrat Nashim in Jaffa: The Beginnings of Women's Self-Organization / 134 Ezrat Nashim in Jerusalem: Women for Women / 136 Ezrat Nashim as a Modernizing Force in Jerusalem / 139 Economics and Philanthropy Pave the Way for Women in the Public Sphere / 141 Chapter 5: Scholarship, Illiteracy, and Educational Revolution 143 Learned Women in Jerusalem / 143 The Education of Jewish Girls: Tradition and Revolution / 148 Rothschild and MonteÞore: First Experiments in Education / 151 Educational Initiatives in Jerusalem / 155 Evelina de Rothschild School, 1868 / 1894: "Bits of Education" or a "Real School"? / 158 The Anglo-Jewish Association: Girls' Education as a Path to Western-Style Progress / 164 Evelina de Rothschild School, 1894 / 1914: Flagship of the AJA / 166 An Integrative Educational Institution / 170 Evelina de Rothschild School: Society and Gender / 172 Ultra-Orthodox Education for Girls before Beis Ya'akov / 176 Chapter 6: On the Margins of Society: Poverty, Widowhood, Husband Desertion, Prostitution, Missionary Efforts 181 A City of Poverty / 181 Begging Letters / 183 Widows / 186 Agunot (Deserted Wives) / 190 Prostitution / 197 The Threat of the Mission / 201 Help from the Mission: Medicine, Employment, Education / 203 Conversion / 208 Combating the Mission: Society's Attitude to Its Periphery / 214 Women: The "Margins" of the "Margins" / 219 Epilogue: The Female Experience in Jerusalem: Honing Historical-Cultural Insights 221 The Unique Jerusalem Character / 222 The Female Jerusalemite: Another Look at the Perception of Women in Judaism / 224 Gender and the Fall of the Old Yishuv: The Link between the Old and New Yishuv / 225 Notes 229 Bibliography 295 Index of Names 000 Index of Places 000 Subject Index 000 Acknowledgments
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Jewish women -- Jerusalem -- History -- 19th century.
Jewish women -- Jerusalem -- History -- 20th century.
Jewish women -- Jerusalem -- Social conditions -- 19th century.
Jewish women -- Jerusalem -- Education.