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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xiii CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1 I. Locating Texts in Historical Time 9 II. Dialogue in a Pluralistic World 12 III. Ordinary People in Dialogue with Texts by Intellectual "Experts" 15 IV. Defending a Postmodern Interpretation of Rationality Itself 19 V. Institutionalized Obstacles to Reading Postmodern Texts Dialogically 27 CHAPTER TWO THE DEBATE BETWEEN MODERNISM AND POSTMODERNISM 33 I. What Is the Modernism that Postmodernism Opposes? 37 II. Early Postmodern Criticisms of Modernism 50 A. Kierkegaard's and Nietzsche's Existential Rejections of Metaphysical Explanations 50 B. Classical Pragmatism's Rejection of Modernist Theories of Knowledge 62 III. Modernist Counterattacks with "Sciences of Meaning" 73 IV. Postmodernist Social and Historical Interpretations of Language 88 A. Wittgenstein's Dissolution of Modernist Problems with Meaning 89 B. Heidegger's Descriptions of Experiential Meaning 100 C. Postmodernism as Poststructuralism 112 V. Derrida's Deconstruction of Modernist Theories of Signs 113 VI. Foucault's Interpretation of Discourse 120 VII. Neopragmatism's Challenges to Modernist Theories 125 CHAPTER THREE POSTMODERNISM'S PASSION FOR PERSONAL FREEDOM AND BEAUTY 137 I. Postmodernism's Appropriation of Earlier Freedom Fighters 139 II. Kierkegaard as Social/Cultural Critic 154 III. Nietzsche's Critique of Social/Cultural Barriers to Free Life 171 IV. Heidegger on Revolutionizing Decadent Western Culture 184 V. Foucault's Ethic of Self-Discipline in the Practice of Freedom 203 VI. Zizek on Working through Our Cravings for Unity and Enjoyment 206 CHAPTER FOUR POSTMODERNISM'S RESISTANCE TO SOCIAL OPPRESSION AND DOMINATION 221 I. A Postmodernist Marxist Call for the Democratization of Economic Practices 222 II. Postmodernist Elements in Habermas's Search for a Democratizing of Governmental Policymaking 241 III. Foucault's Challenge for Local Resistance to the Social Practices Making Domination Possible 259 IV. American Intellectual Freedom Fighters 274 A. Alvin Gouldner 275 B. Iris Marion Young 280 C. bell hooks 286 D. Lucius Outlaw and Michael Eric Dyson 288 E. Cornell West 290 CHAPTER FIVE POSTMODERNIST INTERPRETATIONS OF FAITHFULNESS TO RELIGIOUS ENCOUNTERS 299 I. Kierkegaard on Faithful Response to the Invasion of the Nonrational Infinite into the Rational Finite 302 II. Levinas on the Priority of Ethical Face-to-Face Interpersonal Encounters to Social Practices 308 III. Zizek on Revolutionary Christianity 326 IV. A Postmodernist Interpretation of Buddhist and Mystic Traditions 331 A. Mark Taylor on Sacred Alterity and a Divine Milieu 331 B. Huston Smith on the God of Mysticism as the Necessary Condition for Everything Finite 344 V. A Postmodern Fusion of Pragmatic Rationality and Existential Religion: A Wittgensteinian Interpretation of Everyday Religious Discourse 358 NOTES 377 BIBLIOGRAPHY 435 GLOSSARY 453 INDEX 463
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Religion and sociology.
Religion and science.