Table of contents for The biology of freshwater wetlands / Arnold G. van der Valk.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
1 Introduction 1
1.1 What is a wetland? 1
1.2 Wetland classification 6
1.3 Wetland inventories 9
1.4 Summary 10
1.5 Practical experiments and observations 10
1.5.1 Wetland classification 11
2 Wetland environments 13
2.1 Physical and chemical properties of water 14
2.2 Macrophyte canopies 20
2.3 Wetland hydrology 22
2.4 Summary 30
2.5 Practical experiments and observations 30
2.5.1 Water levels 30
2.5.2 Water chemistry 31
2.5.3 Temperature and oxygen gradients 32
3 Microorganisms and invertebrates 33
3.1 Microorganisms 34
3.1.1 Bacteria 34
3.1.2 Bacterial metabolism 34
3.1.3 Dissimilatory metabolism 35
3.1.4 Assimilatory metabolism 38
3.1.5 Fungi 39
3.1.6 Algae 40
3.2 Invertebrates 44
3.2.1 Aquatic insects 49
3.3 Summary 52
3.4 Practical experiments and observations 53
3.4.1 Wetland algae 53
3.4.2 Wetland invertebrates 54
4 Wetland plants and animals 56
4.1 Wetland plants 58
4.1.1 Gas-space continuum 62
4.1.2 Heterophylly 67
4.1.3 Clonal growth 69
4.2 Birds 71
4.3 Fish 77
4.4 Amphibians, reptiles, and mammals 81
4.5 Summary 84
4.6 Practical experiments and observations 85
4.6.1 Macrophyte adaptations 85
4.6.2 Seed banks 85
4.6.3 Wetland birds 86
4.6.4 Wetland fish 86
5 Spatial and temporal patterns 87
5.1 Spatial patterns 91
5.1.1 Coenocline development 92
5.1.2 Fire 97
5.2 Temporal patterns 98
5.2.1 Macro-succession 98
5.2.2 Fluctuation versus Micro-succession 101
5.3 Development of wetland landscapes 102
5.4 Summary 107
5.5 Practical experiments and observations 107
5.5.1 Gradient analysis 107
5.5.2 Sediment cores 108
6 Wetland functions 109
6.1 Primary production 109
6.2 Litter decomposition 115
6.3 Food webs 118
6.4 Nutrient cycling 123
6.4.1 Nutrient and sulphur cycling 129
6.4.2 Phosphorus cycling 131
6.5 Summary 132
6.6 Practical experiments and observations 133
6.6.1 Primary production 133
6.6.2 Invertebrates and litter decomposition 134
6.6.3 Methane production 134
7 The future of wetlands 136
7.1 Wetland losses 137
7.2 Wetland degradation and invasive species 139
7.3 Global climate change 141
7.4 Wetland restoration 143
7.5 Summary 149
GLOSSARY 151
BIBLIOGRAPHY 156
INDEX 000

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Wetlands.
Wetland ecology.