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Contents Contributors Preface Acknowledgements Part I Introduction Chapter 1 Psychobiology of Physical Activity: Integration at Last! Edmund O. Acevedo, and Panteleimon Ekkekakis The Progress of Scientific Investigations Secondary Ignorance and Dualism Sport Psychology Exercise Psychology The Present Volume Chapter 2 Physical Activity and the Neurobiology of Interoception A.D. (Bud) Craig Research Methods in the Neurobiology of Interoception Primary Afferent Sensory Fibers From Muscle and Joint Second-Order Neurons in Lamina I Physiological Characteristics of Lamina I Neurons Selective Response of Lamina I Neurons Forebrain Projections of Lamina I Neurons Interoception in Humans Weaknesses and Limitations in the Literature Directions for Future Investigation Chapter 3 Brain Activation During Physical Activity Jon W. Williamson Central Cardiovascular Modulation Brain Reorganization Weaknesses and Limitations in the Literature Directions for Future Investigation Part II Physical Activity and Cognition Chapter 4 Aging, Physical Activity, and Neurocognitive Function Arthur F. Kramer and Charles H. Hillman Fitness and Behavioral Indices of Cognition Fitness Effects on Brain Function and Structure Potential Mechanisms Directions for Future Investigation Chapter 5 Exercise, Neurogenesis, and Learning in Rodents Henriette van Praag Environmental Enrichment and Neurogenesis Exercise and Neurogenesis Other Anatomical Changes Associated With Exercise Exercise Improves Learning and Memory in Rodents Electrophysiological Changes Associated With Exercise Growth Factor Effects on Neurogenesis and Running The Role of Neurotransmitters in Running and Neurogenesis Directions for Future Investigation Part III Physical Activity and Emotion Chapter 6 Exertion and Pleasure From an Evolutionary Perspective Michel Cabanac Sensations From Muscular Exertion Hedonicity of Muscular Exertion Hedonicity in Motivational Conflicts Conclusions Chapter 7 Affective Responses to Acute Exercise Panteleimon Ekkekakis, and Edmund O. Acevedo The Intensity¿Affect Relationship The Inverted U As a Dose¿Response Model and Its Limitations Previous Dose¿Response Findings and Weaknesses in the Literature The "Next Generation" of Dose¿Response Studies The Dual-Mode Theory A Putative Neural Pathway Conclusions Directions for Future Investigation Chapter 8 Physical Activity, Affect, and Electroencephalogram Studies Steven J. Petruzzello, Panteleimon Ekkekakis, and Eric E. Hall EEG Changes As a Result of Acute Exercise A Model for EEG¿Exercise¿Affect Research Directions for Future Investigation Conclusions Chapter 9 Physical Activity and Neurotransmitter Release Romain Meeusen Biosynthesis of Brain Monoamines The Effects of Physical Activity on Anxiety and Depression Exercise and Brain Neurotransmitter Concentrations Central Fatigue Neurotransmission and Overtraining Weaknesses and Limitations in the Microdialysis Literature Conclusions Directions for Future Investigation Part IV Physical Activity and Psychosomatic Health Chapter 10 The Cross-Stressor Adaptation Hypothesis and Exercise Training Mark S. Sothmann Evolution of the Cross-Stressor Adaptation Hypothesis Basic Elements of the Stress Response Cross-Stressor Adaptation Hypothesis Psychobiological Testing of the Cross-Stressor Hypothesis in Humans Weaknesses and Limitations in the Literature Directions for Future Investigation Conclusions Chapter 11 Psychobiological Reactivity, Physical Activity, and Cardiovascular Health Stephen H. Boutcher and Mark Hamer A Multifactorial Model of Cardiovascular Reactivity Cardiovascular Reactivity Assessment Reactivity Effects on Health Chronic Aerobic Exercise and Reactivity Acute Aerobic Exercise and Reactivity Directions for Future Investigation Conclusions Chapter 12 Physical Activity and Psychoneuroimmunology Suzi Hong, and Paul J. Mills The Immune System Exercise As a Model for Psychoneuroimmunology Research Enumerative Responses of the Immune System to Exercise Functional Responses of the Immune System to Exercise Cytokine Responses to Exercise Regular Physical Activity and Psychoneuroimmunology Directions for Future Investigation Conclusions Chapter 13 Central Regulation of Stress Reactivity and Physical Activity Gregory A. Hand, Kenneth D. Phillips, and Marlene A. Wilson The Physiological Stress Response The Practical Significance of Studying Physical Activity and Stress Measures of Stress Reactivity Neural and Endocrine Systems That Respond to Stressful Stimulation Weaknesses and Limitations in the Literature Directions for Future Investigation Chapter 14 Physical Activity and Pain Dane B. Cook Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Pain Neurobiology of Muscle Pain Measurement of Muscle Pain Naturally Occurring Muscle Pain Analgesia During and Following Physical Activity Muscle Pain As a Barrier to Physical Activity Physical Activity As a Treatment for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain Muscle Pain As a Limiting Factor in Sport Performance Directions for Future Investigation Part V Psychobiology of Human Performance Chapter 15 A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective on Sport Performance Bradley D. Hatfield, Amy J. Haufler, and Thomas W. Spalding Regional Cortical Activity in Elite Performers Contrasts of EEG Activity During Psychomotor Performance Effects of Training on Cortical Activation Performance Variation and Cortical Arousal Networking Between Cortical Association and Motor Regions Directions for Future Investigation Conclusions Chapter 16 The Psychophysiology of Biofeedback and Sport Performance Dave Collins Measuring the Physiological Index Feedback Methods Selecting the Index Weaknesses and Limitations in the Literature Directions for Future Investigation Conclusions Chapter 17 The Psychophysiology of Imagery in Sport Paul S. Holmes Theoretical Concerns Functional Equivalence Influencing Physiological Change Image Generation Imagery Modalities and Perspectives Neuroscientific Implications for Imagery Use by Sport Performers Indirect Evidence for the Mirror Neuron System Direct Evidence for the Mirror Neuron System Weaknesses and Limitations in the Literature Directions for Future Investigation Conclusions Epilogue: Future Challenges in Understanding Human Behavior Edmund O. Acevedo, and Panteleimon Ekkekakis References Index About the Editors
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Exercise -- Physiological aspects.
Exercise -- Psychological aspects.
Sports -- Physiological aspects.
Sports -- Psychological aspects.
Brain -- physiology.