Table of contents for Webster's New World punctuation : simplified and applied / Geraldine Woods.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Table of Contents: Webster's New World Punctuation Guide
Introduction
General rationale for punctuation
Why styles may differ in various manuals or grammar 
books
British and American usage
How to use the book
	searching for a particular punctuation mark
	looking at a sample form
	avoiding pitfalls
Part I: The Punctuation Marks
Chapter 1: The Period
	As an endmark
	In quotations
	In abbreviations
		within a sentence
		at the end of a sentence
	In lists and bullet points
	In memos
In PowerPoint presentations
In web addresses
Pitfalls
	no periods outside the quotation mark 
(American usage)
	no more than one endmark in a sentence
	only one period when an abbreviation ends a 
sentence 
Chapter 2: The Question Mark
	As an endmark
	To show doubt (in a date, for example)
	In quotations
	Pitfall: confusion when a quotation is a question
Chapter 3: The Exclamation Point
	As an endmark
	In quotations
	Pitfall: overuse
Chapter 4: The Comma
	To create a series
	To indicate direct address
	In personal titles (Jr., Esq, etc.)
	Before conjunctions joining independent clauses
	To set off interrupters
	In addresses and dates
	In letters (salutation, etc.)
	After introductory words
participles
		prepositional phrases
		adverbial clauses
	Restrictive, non-restrictive elements
appositives
adjective clauses
adverbial clauses
	Short, interrogative elements
	Mild interjections
	Speaker tags (he said, she explained, etc.)
	In quotations
	To mark an omission
	To separate coordinate modifiers
Pitfalls
no commas in compounds or between subjects 
and verbs
no comma after so
no comma before a parenthesis
		comma splices
		random placement
		no comma with a period, question mark, or 
exclamation point
Chapter 5: The Semicolon
	To join sentences without a conjunction
	In compound-complex sentences
	To separate items in a series
	With conjunctive adverbs (nevertheless, then, however, 
etc.)
	Pitfall
joining unrelated clauses
no semicolon to separate subordinate and 
independent clauses
Chapter 6: The Colon
	In memos
	In business letters
	In a two-clause sentence
	To introduce a list
	To introduce a quotation
		a long, blocked quotation
		a quotation without a speaker tag
	With formal appositives
	To indicate time (3:00)
	Pitfalls
no colon after a linking verb 
no colon after a preposition
Chapter 7: Quotation Marks
	Difference between British and American system
	With speaker tags
	Without speaker tags
	With several paragraphs
	For a quotation within another quotation
	For titles
	For slang or jargon (distancing quotation marks)
Pitfalls 
avoiding run-on sentences
no quotation marks in block quotations
		placing commas and periods incorrectly
		position of semicolons and colons
		position of question marks and exclamation 
points
		no quotation marks for centered titles of art 
works
Chapter 8: The Dash and the Hyphen
	The dash
		To set off interrupting remarks
		To indicate summaries
		For special emphasis
		For clarity when comma would blend into the 
sentence
		Pitfalls
no dash replacing a semicolon
no dash substituting for a period
overuse
distinguishing between dashes and 
hyphens
	The hyphen
		To separate a word at end of line
		To join words that are modifying a noun
		To create compound words
		Pitfall: confusing dashes and hyphens
Chapter 9: Parentheses and Brackets
	Parentheses
	To insert extra information 
		To indicate remarks straying from the main 
point
	In citations and bibliographies
		Pitfalls 
placing punctuation in and around the 
parenthesis
		overuse
	Brackets
	To insert material into a quotation
		In bibliographies
Pitfall: punctuation in and around brackets
		
Chapter 10: Ellipses
	To replace omitted words
within a quotation
at the end of a quotation
	To indicate a trailing thought
Pitfall: three dots or four
Chapter 11: The Slash
	To indicate alternatives
	In web addresses
	Pitfall: dividing web addresses
Chapter 12: The Apostrophe
	To create a contraction
	To show possession
		single owner
		regular plural
		irregular plural
		hyphenated words
		dual ownership
	To form the plural of numbers and symbols
	
Part II: Punctuation in Common Writing Formats
	
Chapter 13: Personal Letters
	Thank you note
	Invitation
	Letter of complaint
	Letter to the editor
	Opinion to an elected official
	
Chapter 14: Business Letters
	Cover letters
for a job application
for enclosed information
	Performance review
	Ordering and returns
	Proposals and plans
			
Chapter 15: Memos
To a supervisor
	To a subordinate
	To a group of people
Chapter 16: E-Mails and Faxes
	Informal e-mail to a friend
	Job-related e-mails
	Fax cover sheet
Chapter 17: Presentations
	PowerPoint slides
	Bulleted lists
	In visual aids
Chapter 18: School Assignments
	Book reports
	Term Papers
	Essays
	Lab reports
	Footnotes and endnotes
	Bibliographies
Chapter 19: Desktop Publishing
	Newsletter article
	Web site postings
	Pamphlet cover
	Advertising flyer
Part III: Citations
Chapter 20: Modern Language Association Citation
	Citations in the text
		Citing an Idea
		Citing a Quotation
		Some Special Cases
	Citations in the List of Works Cited
		Books
		Articles
		Nonprint Sources
		Paragraph and Page Numbers
Chapter 21: American Psychological Associaiton Citation
	Citations in Text
		Citing Previous Studies
	Citations in the Reference List
		Journals and Other Periodicals
		Books
		Nonprint Sources
	Abbreviations for APA References
Chapter 22: The Chicago Manual of Style Citation
	Citations in the Text
		Author-Date Parenthetical Citations
	Footnotes and Endnotes
		Format and Contents of Notes
		Extinct Latin Abbreviations
	The Reference List or Bibliography
		Titles in a Reference List
		Electronic Sources
	Notes/Bibliography System
		Electronic Sources

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

English language -- Punctuation -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.