Table of contents for Plant conservation genetics / Robert J. Henry, editor.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

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CONTENTS 
xi About the Editor 
xiii Contributors 
Chapter 1. Plant Conservation Genetics: 
Importance, Options, and Opportunities 1 
Robert J. Henry 
1 Introduction 
2 Importance of Plants in Life 
2 Role of Genetics 
3 Options and Strategies for Plant Conservation 
Opportunities for Application of Plant Conservation Genetics 4 
Overview of Plant Conservation Genetics 5 
Chapter 2. Techniques for ex Situ Plant Conservation 9 
Imke Thormann 
Mohammad Dulloo 
Johannes Engels 
9 
12
Introduction 
Seed and Ultra-Dry Seed Storage 
Botanic Garden Conservation 
DNA Storage 
Field Gene Banks 
In Vitro Techniques 
Cryopreservation 
Pollen Storage 
Germplasm Collection and Management 
Complementary Conservation 
Chapter 3. Strategies Employed to Collect Plant Genetic 
43 Resources for ex Situ Conservation 
Sally L. Dillon 
43 
45 
Introduction 
Planning Your Collecting Mission
53 
55 
56 
56 
Data and Seed Collection 
Postcollection Activities and Seed Processing for ex Situ 
Recent Collecting by the Australian Tropical Crops 
and Forages Collection 
Concluding Remarks 
Conservation 
Chapter 4. The Role of Genetic Resources 
Held in Seed Banks in Plant Improvement 67 
Tsukasa Nagamine 
Introduction 67 
New Alleles on WX Genes Found in Local Wheat Cultivars 68 
Null Allele of Lipoxygenase-3 from Rice Local Cultivars 
Characterizing Natural Genes Controlling the Heading 
Discovery of the Gene Controlling Seed Longevity of Rice 
71 Using Core Collection 
73 
of Rice by QTL Analysis 
Effective Management of the Stock Database by Seed Lot 
Conservation and Multiplication of Plant Genetic 
Resources in the Country of Origin 
Evaluation Database for Heterogeneous Plant Genetic 
Resources 
Conclusion 
Unit 
Chapter 5. Botanic Gardens and Conservation 87 
Robert O. Makinson 
87 Introduction 
Critical Factors in Using Botanic Gardens for Conservation 
92
Science 
Who Has What Species? 
Acknowledgment and Promotion of ex Situ Collections 
Property Rights, Access, and Benefit Sharing 
Chapter 6. Conservation of Plant Genes and the Role 
of DNA Banks 
Nicole Rice 
105 
105 Introduction
Conservation of Plant Biodiversity 
Ex Situ Collections 
How Do We Define a DNA Bank? 
Database and Sample Management 
Collection Strategies 
DNA Extraction and Storage 
Constraints for ex Situ Collections and DNA Banks 
Concluding Remarks 
Chapter 7. Strategies for in Situ Conservation 121 
Ghillean T. Prance 
121 
Introduction 
Identification of Ecosystems to Be Conserved 
Relationships with the Local Population 
Protection Legislation 
Monitoring 
Maintaining the Ecosystem 
Creation of Finance 
A Management Plan 
Conclusion 
Appendix Article 8 of the Convention on Biological 
Diversity (UNEP/CBD, 1994) 129 
Chapter 8. Impact of Habitat Fragmentation on Plant 
135 Populations 
Maurizio Rossetto 
135 
Introduction 
Consequences of Habitat Fragmentation: Genetic Hazards 
Small, Isolated Populations Face 
Conclusion: Developing Informative Habitat Fragmentation 
Research 
Chapter 9. Molecular Analysis of Plant Genetic Resources 149 
Glenn Bryan 
Rationale for Molecular Analysis of Plant Genetic 
Resources 
Molecular Marker Techniques Available for the Analysis 
149 
151 of Plant Genetic Resources
Trends in the Use of Molecular Markers 
Levels of Polymorphism and Congruence of Different 
Molecular Marker Analysis of Collections of Plant Genetic 
Resources 
Toward Universal or Standardized Marker Data Sets 
for Plant Germplasm 
A New Paradigm: A DNA Sequence Is Forever! 
Types of Molecular Data 
Conclusion 
Chapter 10. Analysis of Nuclear, Mitochondrial, 
and Chloroplast Genomes in Plant Conservation 
C. Q. Sun 
Introduction 
Analysis of Nuclear Genomes 
Comparative Analysis of the Genomes of Plants 
Analysis of the Mitochondrial Genome 
Analysis of the Chloroplast Genome 
Concluding Remarks 
Chapter 11. Genomics and Plant Biodiversity 
Management
Robert J. Henry 
Introduction 
Variation in Sizes of Genomes 
Number of Genes 
Ploidy and Gene Duplication 
Repetitive Elements 
Comparative Genomics 
Base Composition and Codon Usage 
Understanding the Evolution of Plant Genomes 
Opportunities 
Applications to Date 
Challenges for the Future 
Index 
154 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Germplasm resources, Plant.
Genetic resources conservation.