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<h2>Contents</h2> List of Maps Preface 00 I. The Historical Setting 1. Armenians in the Ottoman Empire during the Nineteenth Century 00 2. The Armenian Revolutionary Movement 00 3. The Massacres of 189496 00 Carnage in the Wake of an Attempted Reform Who Was Responsible for the Massacres? 4. The Young Turks Take Power 00 Armenian Guerrilla Warfare An Uneasy Alliance The Armenian Reform Agreement of 1914 II. Two Rival Historiographies 5. The Armenian Case (1): Genocidal Plans 00 Turkish Nationalism, Turanism, and the Role of Ziya G¿kalp The "Ten Commandments" The Secret CUP Meeting of February 1915 Described by Mevlanzade Rifat Genocidal Consequences 6. The Armenian Case (2): The Implementation of Genocide 00 Aram Andonian's The Memoirs of Naim Bey The Turkish Courts-Martial of 191920 The Role of the Teskilat-i Mahsusa (Special Organization) The Covert Nature of the Genocide 7. The Turkish Position 00 The Armenian Rebellion The Revolt of Van Armenian Support for the Allied War Effort The Punishment of Excesses Armenian Atrocities: A Civil War within a Global War The Release of the Malta Prisoners III. Historical Reconstruction: What We Know and What We Do Not Know 8. The Sources 00 Turkish Archives The Political Archive of the German Foreign Ministry Other German Eyewitnesses The British Blue Book "The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire" American Archives Missionary Reports Armenian Survivor Testimony 9. The Deportation Decision 00 Antecedents The Deportation Decree The Reasons for the Deportation Order The German Role 10. The Course of the Deportations 00 Erzurum Harput Trebizond Cilicia: Mersina, Adana, Marash The Baghdad Railway Route Aleppo Urfa Constantinople and Smyrna The End of the Deportations 11. Resettlement 00 Ras-ul-Ain "The Route of Horrors" Der-el-Zor The Vilayet of Damascus 12. Who Were the Perpetrators of the Massacres? 00 The Role of the Kurds The Wartime Gendarmerie Circassians, Chettes, and "Similar Scum" The Fate of the Labor Battalions The Power of Local Officials 13. The Number of Victims 00 The Size of the Prewar Armenian Population The Number of Survivors An Estimate of the Losses IV. The State of the Controversy 14. Conclusion: The Question of Premeditation 00 A Spectrum of Views Critique An Alternative Explanation Epilogue: The Politicization of History 00 The Campaign for Recognition of the Genocide Pressure Tactics The Future of Turkish-Armenian Relations Abbreviations and Glossary 00 Notes 00 Works Cited 00 Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Armenian massacres, 1894-1896.
Armenian massacres, 1909.
Armenian massacres, 1915-1923.
Armenians -- Turkey -- History.
Armenia -- History -- 1901-.
Turkey -- History -- 20th century.