Table of contents for The knowledge deficit : creating a reading revolution for a new generation of American achievers / E. D. Hirsch, Jr.

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Chapter 1. The Origins of the Knowledge Deficit
1. The Achievement Crisis. 2. The Crisis Has Been Caused by Romantic Ideas. 3. The Idea That 
Schooling Should be Natural. 4. The Idea That "Mere Facts" Are Not True Education. 5. The 
Idea That Knowing How is Better than Knowing What. 6. The Idea That "Society" is to Blame. 
7. Making Better Ideas Prevail.
Chapter 2. Reading is Much More than Sounding Out
1. The Welcome Reforms of the 1990s. 2. Reading Comprehension is Like Oral Comprehension. 
3. Reading as Filling in the Blanks. 4. Some Kinds of Knowledge Are More Enabling Than 
Others. 5. Deadening Strategies.
Chapter 3. Knowledge of Language
1. Learning the Standard Language. 2. Learning Grammar. 3. Learning the Elaborated Code. 4. 
Building Vocabulary. 5. Vocabulary and Equity.
Chapter 4. Knowledge of Things
1. The Unspoken in Speech. 2. The General Reader and the Speech Community. 3. How Much 
Knowledge? 4. Which Knowledge? 5. Why Not in the Reading Program?
Chapter 5. Productive Use of School Time
1. Unproductive Use of Time in American Schools. 2. Blaming Teachers. 3. Root Causes of 
Unproductive Time Use. 4. Better Time Use means Greater Fairness. 5. Effective Time Use in 
Some American Schools
Chapter 6. Productive Use of Tests
1. Tests Now Drive Schooling. 2. State Tests Mistakenly Promote the How-To Conception of 
Reading. 3. The Nature of Reading Tests. 5. A Testing Regimen that Will Enhance Education.
Chapter 7. Commonality and Fairness
1. The reading crisis a symptom of a wider educational and cultural crisis. 2. At Stake: 
Solidarity, Educational Fairness, and our Highest Ideals. 3. Our Migrant Children
4. Localism and a Perfect Storm of Bad Educational Ideas. 5. Are Liberal and Conservative Fears 
of Common Content justified? 6. The Decisive Advantages of Specifying Core Content. 7. 
Thinking the Unthinkable: A Core of Common Content in Early Grades.
The Critical Importance of an Adequate Theory of Reading

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Reading -- United States.
Literacy -- United States.
Education -- United States -- Philosophy.