Table of contents for Shooting incident reconstruction / Lucien Haag.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Table of Contents
Dedication
1	INTRODUCTION											
 Why this book?												Reconstruction ¿ The Ultimate Goal of Criminalistics						
	Basic Skills and Approach to Casework						
	Qualifications									
	General Philosophy										
	The Scientific Method										
	Specific Considerations									
2	THE RECONSTRUCTIVE ASPECTS of CLASS CHARACTERISTICS and
 a LIMITED UNIVERSE				 						
Bullet Design and Construction						 	 	
Hypothetical Case Examples								 	
 Propellant Morphology
 The Worth of Weight
 Summary
 References and Further Reading
 							 
 							 
3	IS IT A BULLET HOLE?						 
 The Question of Bullet Holes in Common Materials	
 Empirical Testing
 An Example of a Bullet Hole Issue ¿ Bullet Holes in Wood
 Bullet Holes in Some Typical Materials
 Bullet Holes in Garments made of Nylon and Polyester 
 Summary
 References and Further Reading
 					 
4	SOME USEFUL REAGENTS and THEIR
	APPLICATION						 
	Dithiooxamide (DTO) Test for Copper Residues
 DTO Procedure
 2-Nitroso-1-Naphthol (2-NN) Procedure			
 Sodium Rhodizonate Test for Lead Residues
 Theory of the Test
 Sodium Rhodizonate Test Procedure
 Direct Application Method
 Lifting or Transfer Method
 Dimethylglyoxime Test for Nickel Residues
 DMG Test Procedure					
	Summary and Concluding Comments								
 References and Further Reading
 
5	GUNSHOT RESIDUES and PROXIMITY TESTS
	The Production of Gunshot Residues
 Target Materials
	Interpretation and Reporting of Results
 Revolvers
 The Modified Griess Test for Nitrites
 The Preparation of Reagents and Materials
 Gunshot and Primer Residues on the Hands
 Summary
 References and Further Reading
6	PROJECTILE PENETRATION 
	and PERFORATION					 
 Overview
	Sheetrock/Wallboard								
	Wood											
	Sheet Metal										
	Glass	
 Rubber
 Summary										
 References and Further Reading
 
7	PROJECTILE RICOCHET					 
	Introduction											
 Definitions
 Some General Principles, Observations and Comments
 Factors Controlling or Affecting Projectile Ricochet
 Factors Controlling or Affecting Lateral Projectile Deflection during Ricochet
 Projectile Impacts to Hard, Unyielding Surfaces
 Projectile Impacts to Frangible Materials
 Projectile Impacts to Semi-Hard or Semi-Yielding Materials
 Projectile Impacts to Yielding Surfaces
 The Post-Impact Flight of Ricocheted and Deflected Bullets
 Gunshot Wounds from Ricocheted and Deflected Bullets
 Shotgun Discharges and Pellet Ricochet					
	Approach to Casework Involving the Issue of Ricochet
 Summary and Concluding Remarks Regarding Ricochet
 Perforating Projectiles and Perforated Objects
 Concluding Comments				
	Ricochet and Deflection References						
					 
8	THE PRINCIPLES of ¿TRAJECTORY¿ 
	RECONSTRUCTION					 
 Bullet Paths in Fixed Objects
 The Location of the Bullet Hole and Angular Components of the Projectile¿s Path 
 The Use of String Lines 
 The Use of Probes and ¿Trajectory¿ Rods 
 Procedures: Vertical Angle Determination 
 Procedures: Azimuth Angle Determination 
 Non-Perforating Bullet Paths 
 The Use, Advantages and Limitations of Lasers 
 Some Thoughts on the Reconstructed Angles 
 Techniques, Tools and Supplies used in Trajectory Reconstruction 
 Summary and Concluding Comments 
 References and Further Reading
9	THE SHOOTING OF MOTOR VEHICLES					 
 Vehicles at a Scene
 Frames of Reference and ¿Squaring¿ the Vehicle
 Perforating Projectile Strikes to Vehicles
 Penetrating Projectile Strikes to Vehicles
 Ricochet Marks, Graze Marks and Non-Penetrating Strikes
 Summary
 References and Further Reading
 
 
 
10	TRAJECTORIES in HUMAN BODIES				 
 Introductory Comments
 Entry and Re-Entry Wounds
 Shored Gunshot Wounds								
	Projectile Path Determinations for Gunshot Wounds
 Survivors of Gunshot Wounds	
 Summary and Concluding Comments
 References and Further Reading	
11	TRACE EVIDENCE CONSIDERATIONS
	ASSOCIATED WITH FIREARMS EVIDENCE:
		EVIDENTIARY and RECONSTRUCTIVE 
		ASPECTS							 
	Introduction										
Locard¿s Principle Revisited ¿ Some Examples of Trace Evidence Transfers and Deposits Common Examples of Trace Evidence on. Or Embedded in Recovered Bullets and Applicable Analytical Methods							
 Examination Protocol and Common Analytical Tehcniques
 Sequence of Events ¿ Three Case Examples
 Summary and Concluding Comments
 References and Further Reading
12	CARTRIDGE CASE EJECTION and
	EJECTION PATTERNS					 
	Overview										
	Scene Work ¿ Terrain/Substrate Considerations 								Relocated Cartridge Cases
 Firearm ¿ Ammunition Performance
 Review of Markings on Fired Cartridge Cases		
	Laboratory Examination of Ejected Cartridge Cases		
	General Protocol for Ejection Pattern Testing 							
	Cartridges Ejected from Moving Vehicles	
 Manually Operated Firearms				
	Summary and Concluding Comments
 References and Further Reading										 
13	TRUE BALLISTICS: LONG DISTANCE
	SHOOTINGS and FALLING BULLETS	 
	Introduction
 The Basics of Exterior Ballistics and Their Forensic Application					Case Situations ¿ An Overview
 Maximum RangeTrajectories
 Lagtime
 Penetration and Deformation as an Expression of Range-of-Fire				
	Bullets from the Sky					
	Summary								
 References and Further Reading
 
 
14	SHOTGUN SHOOTINGS and EVIDENCE			
 Introduction
	Shotgun Design and Nomenclature							 
	Choke and Patterning								 
 Rifled Barrels	
 Shot Charges and Dram Equivalents							 
	Wads and Shotcups
 Powder, GSR and Buffer Material									 
	The Exterior Ballistics of Shotgun Pellets									Summary and Concluding Comments									References and Further Reading								
15	ULTIMATE OBJECTIVES, REPORTS and COURT PRESENTATION 						
 Explaining What We Do
 Legal Challenges and the Role of Shooting Incident Reconstruction in Litigation
 Reports and Report Writing
 Concluding Comments
 References and Further Reading
	
APPENDIX
 Shooting Incident Evaluation and Reconstruction ¿ Documents List		
 Materials Checklist for Shooting Scene Examination					
 Vehicle Data, Measurements, etc.							
 Vehicle Diagrams								 
 Logsheet for Projectile Strikes to Vehicles						
 Officer Involved Shooting Incident Checklist				 
 Shooting Reconstruction Checklist						 
 Suggested Guidelines for Reconstruction and Reenactment
 of Shooting Incidents						 		 
 Coat Worksheet								 
 Long Sleeved Shirt Worksheet						 
 Under Shirt/T-Shirt Worksheet						 
 Pants Worksheet								 
 Some Useful Conversion Factors						 
 Shooting Incident Reconstruction General Foundational Questions	 		 
 for Court
 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Forensic ballistics.