Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.
Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.
CONTENTS Preface Acknowledgments Introduction 1. Georgius Agricola (1494-1555): The Forefather of Geology and the Father of Mineralogy "Peasant Farmer" An Expert on Mining Mining and Metallurgy A Prolific Author On Metallurgy Chronology Further Reading 2. Nicolaus Steno (1638-1686): The Law of Superposition of Rock Layers and the Principles of Original Horizontality and Lateral Extension An Interest in Science The Seashell Question Discovery of a Salivary Duct Questioning Descartes Cartesian Philosophy Studies on Muscular Contraction Glossopetrae A Forerunner Devotion to Catholic Missions Chronology Further Reading 3. James Hutton (1726-1797): Uniformitarianism as the Central Principle of Historical Geology A Lawyer's Apprentice Geological and Agricultural Studies "Theory of the Earth" The Effect of Natural Processes on the Shape of the Earth Opposition Support for Hutton's Theory Chronology Further Reading 4. Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859): Unification of the Natural Sciences A Career in Politics or Mining An Exotic Expedition Volcanoes Highest Altitude The Larger Task That Lay Ahead Diamonds in the Urals Geomagnetism Cosmic Comprehension Chronology Further Reading 5. Georges Cuvier (1769-1832): The Reality of Extinction of Past Life Forms Birth in Montbéliard A Man with Many Titles Identification of Animals from Fossil Remains Fossils and Paleontology Extinction and Catastrophism Still an Anatomist Cuvier's Legacy Chronology Further Reading 6. William Smith (1769-1839): Creation of the World's First Geologic Map Pound Stones Career as a Surveyor The Birth of Stratigraphy Mary Anning The World's First Geological Map Respected at Last Chronology Further Reading 7. Sir Charles Lyell (1797-1875): The Gradual Nature of Earth's Processes Preference of Geology over Law William Buckland Uniformity Revealed Principles and Elements Expertise Abroad The Age of Man Knighthood and Baronetcy Chronology Further Reading 8. Alfred Wegener (1880-1930): The Theory of Continental Drift From Astronomy to Meteorology A Land-Moving Theory A Revolution from International Controversy Plate Tectonics A Bitter Cold Ending Chronology Further Reading 9. Arthur Holmes (1890-1965): Estimation of the Earth's Age The 20-Million-Year Dispute Entrance to the Dating Game Carbon Dating Mozambique The Problem with Lead Misfortune and Providence The Powerful Engine of Radioactivity A Fourth Isotope Primeval Lead Composition The End of Time for a Famous Geologist Chronology Further Reading 10. Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002): Theory of Punctuated Equilibrium A Young Boy's Interest in Paleontology Darwin's View Evolution by Jerks A Prolific and Influential Writer A New Structure for Evolutionary Theory Reflections and Miscellany Chronology Further Reading APPENDIXES Glossary Further Resources Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Earth scientists Biography.
Earth science -- History.