Table of contents for Climate change : turning up the heat / A. Barrie Pittock.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

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Counter
 Forward
 Acknowledgements
 Introduction
 1.	Climate change matters
 Turning up the heat
 Why is the present rapid warming happening?
 Delayed climate responses to greenhouse gas emissions require early action
 Observed impacts on physical and biological systems
 Human societies are becoming more vulnerable, not less
 Projections of future climate change
 Facing the challenge of preventing dangerous impacts
 Conclusion: climate change is real, it is happening, and it matters
 2.	Learning from the past
 Proxy data: clues from the past
 The record of the ice ages
 The causes of past climate change
 Variations in the Earth's orbit
 Variations in greenhouse gas concentrations
 Variations in solar output
 Volcanoes, cosmic collisions and aerosols
 Rapid climate changes in the past
 The last 10 000 years
 Conclusions from the past record
 3.	Projecting the future
 The need for, and nature of, foresight
 The nature and uses of predictions, scenarios and projections
 The emissions scenarios used by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
 Projections of socio-economic futures
 Forecasting the weather: an initial value problem
 Why climate projections are different
 How good are climate models?
 The state of climate projections
 4.	Uncertainty is inevitable, but risk is certain
 Despite uncertainties, decisions have to be made
 Uncertainty in climate change projections
 Attitudes to uncertainty: from polarisation to probability and risk
 Estimating risk
 Uncertainty and the role of sceptics
 Application of the 'precautionary principle'
 5.	What climate changes are likely?
 Projected climate changes
 Surface warming
 Regional warmings
 Precipitation and evaporation
 Extreme events
 Sea-level rise
 Abrupt changes, thresholds and instabilities
 Scenarios in a nutshell
 6.	Impacts: Why be concerned?
 Climate change impacts - reasons for concern
 The pervasiveness of thresholds and abrupt changes
 Risks to unique and threatened systems
 Risks from extreme climate events
 Distribution of impacts
 Aggregate impacts
 Waking the 'sleeping giants': risks of future large-scale discontinuities
 Effects of a breakdown in the ocean circulation
 Rapid sea-level rise from melting of Greenland and the WAIS
 Runaway carbon dynamics
 Effects of stabilisation at different levels of greenhouse gas concentrations
 Growing reasons for concern
 7.	Adaptation: living with climate change
 Adaptation concepts and strategies
 Costs and Benefits of Adaptation
 Implementation
 Effects of different rates of climatic change on impacts and adaptation:
 Equity issues in adaptation
 Enhancing adaptive capacity
 8.	Mitigation: limiting climate change
 Why mitigation is necessary
 How much mitigation is needed?
 Where we are now
 How difficult is mitigation?
 The looming peak in oil production
 Mitigation options
 Increased energy efficiency
 Fuel substitution
 Nuclear power
 Hydropower
 Solar energy
 Wind power
 Biomass energy
 Tidal, wave and geothermal energy
 The hydrogen economy
 Carbon capture and sequestration
 Changes in infrastructure and behaviour
 Technological innovation: why attitude is vital
 Overcoming barriers to innovation: the road to effective mitigation
 9.	Climate change in context
 Surface air pollution and climate change
 Stratospheric ozone depletion
 Biodiversity, agriculture and forestry
 Land degradation and desertification
 Freshwater
 Population growth
 Synergies and trade-offs from emissions reductions
 Integration, sustainable development and equity
 10.	The politics of greenhouse
 Is the science credible?
 What about the uncertainty?
 How realistic are the scenarios?
 What global and local emissions targets should we choose?
 How urgently do we need to act?
 How much will reducing emissions cost?
 How can these targets be met most efficiently? Carbon emissions permits, carbon taxes and innovation
 International equity: what is fair?
 How do we provide for equity within countries?
 Should we consider equity between generations ?
 What role should democratic governments and non-government organisations (NGOs) take?
 What role should business take?
 What role can state and local governments play?
 So what is the politics of greenhouse all about?
 11.	International concern and national interests
 A brief history of concern about greenhouse gases
 The Kyoto Protocol
 National interests and the challenge of climate change
 African Nations
 Australia and New Zealand
 China
 European Union
 India, Pakistan and Bangladesh
 Latin America
 The Russian Federation
 Small Island States
 United States of America
 Finding a Common Interest in Global Solutions
 12.	Accepting the challenge
 looking beyond the Kyoto Protocol
 Addressing the Key Issues
 Further information
 Introduction
 Bibliography/reading list
 Web sites
 Index	

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Climatic changes.