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Contents Contents vii Hello Linux 1 Why Linux Now? 2 Why Windows Is Dangerous 2 Windows Security Problems 2 Example of a Typical Windows Virus 4 Windows Viruses "Arms race" 6 Didn't XP's Service Pack 2 solve the Windows security problems? 6 Other Security Problems 7 Get Rid of Windows Viruses-Switch to Linux 8 Advantages and Disadvantages of Linux 9 Things That Are About the Same in Linux and Windows 9 What You Gain by Switching to Linux 10 What you give up by switching to Linux 12 Linux Background 14 Linux Distributions 15 The Linspire Distro 17 Why I Chose Linspire 17 Linspire and the Linux Community 18 Additional Linspire Advantages 19 The Significance of Open Source Software 19 Openness Versus Restrictions 20 The GNU General Public License 20 What Uncle Josh did next 21 // Still Wondering About Switching to Linux? 22 Does the Software I Need Run on Linux? 23 Isn't the Installation Really Hard? 23 Is It Hard to Do Normal Things Like Start Programs and Find Files? 24 Is It a Huge Pain to Connect Hardware Like Cameras and Printers? 24 Can I Get to the Internet Without Camping Out With My Local Linux User Group for a Week? 24 Who Do I Call When I Have Problems? 24 Can a Normal Person Switch to Linux? 24 What Now? 25 27 Running the Linux Live CD 27 Getting Started 28 What This Chapter Is About 28 Installation Should Come Last 28 What's in the Rest of the Book 28 System Requirements for Running the Live CD 28 The Best Way to Run Linux Easily 29 Some Hardware Requirements 29 Linspire Hardware "Must Nots" 31 How a Live CD Works 31 What Happens When You Run the Live CD 31 Limitations of Running Linux From a Live CD 32 Advantages of Running Linux From a Live CD 32 Booting and Running Linspire From the Live CD 33 Troubleshooting 35 PC Didn't Boot Linux 35 Linspire-Specific Help 36 Solving Other Problems 43 Hardware Basics 45 Troubleshooting BIOS 45 If You've Still Got Trouble 49 Troubleshooting Device Drivers 49 // would suggest making the device driver info an appendix and referring people there. 49 What is a "device driver"? 49 The KDE Desktop 61 Getting Started 62 Different Operating Systems, Similar Windows 62 Introduction to the KDE Desktop 65 All Desktops Are Basically Alike 66 Comparing KDE and Windows 68 The KDE Panel 69 How Your Folders are Organized in KDE 71 Using the Konqueror File Manager 73 Start the Konqueror File Manager 74 Viewing More Information in Konqueror 74 Moving Konqueror to Display a Different Folder 76 Splitting the Konqueror Window 78 Moving and Copying Files 79 Deleting Files and Folders 80 Creating Files and Folders 80 Accessing Your Windows Files From Linux 81 Help Menus and More Information 82 Copy and Paste 83 Advanced KDE Techniques 84 KDE Settings and Themes 84 Animated Desktop Background 86 Choosing a screen saver 86 Adding a Program to the Launch Menu 87 Several Ways to Do Something 88 Prepackaged Themes 89 Making Better Use of Screen Real Estate 90 Desktop Access Button 90 Window Shades 91 Virtual Desktops 92 Linux and X Window 93 Linux Layers 94 Troubleshooting X 95 Goals of X Window Architecture 95 97 Onto the Net 97 Getting Started 98 Bringing the Internet to Your Front Door 98 The Future is Broadband, Fiber, and Wireless 99 Why don't we have super-fast fiber networks in our homes? 99 Getting the Internet From Your Front Door to Your PC // retitle this as a H2 of the main "choosing internet section", call it Linux and Networking ? 100 What are the chances networking will "just work" on Linux? 101 Improving Your Chances of Successful Networking on Linux 102 Setting Up a Wired Ethernet Connection 103 Find the Hardware 103 Check Modem Power 104 Boot Into Linux 104 Set up the Firewall 105 Trouble-shooting a Wired Connection 105 Alternative 1: Setting Up a Wireless Ethernet Connection 110 Wireless Basics 111 Wireless Range 111 Wireless Hardware 112 Make Connecting as Easy as Possible: Turning Off Security 112 Confirm That Linux Has a Device Driver for Your Network Adapter 113 Setting Wireless Security Options 115 Troubleshooting a Wireless Network Adapter 118 Alternative 2: Setting Up a Dial-up Network Connection 124 Dial-Up Disadvantages 124 Modem Setup // I pulled a couple things together up here that seemed to go together and come first 125 Collecting Dialup ISP Data From Windows 126 Setting Up an Analog Modem Under Linux 129 Troubleshooting a Dial-Up Network Adapter 134 All About Email 137 Getting Started 138 Using Web-Based Mail 138 Using a Standalone Mail Program 139 SMTP, POP and IMAP 140 Retrieving your current email configuration 143 Setting up Mozilla email 145 History of Mozilla: the Mosaic Killer 145 Setting Up Mozilla 147 Using other email clients 148 Available Linux Email Clients 149 Transferring Data From Windows Email Clients 150 Junk Mail Control 152 Getting started with spam control 153 Exclude real correspondents from filtering 154 Other Filtering 154 Conclusion 155 159 Adding Software 159 Getting Started 160 Introducing Linspire's Click-N-Run 160 Without CNR, Installing Applications Can Be a Lot of Work 161 With CNR, Adding Software Is Easy 162 More CNR Details 164 Linux Packages 167 Dependency Checking 168 Package Manager Choices in Linux 169 Using Debian's Advanced Packaging Tool 170 Tell APT where to look for packages 171 Listing packages 172 Searching for a package 173 Installing a package with APT 174 Removing a Package 175 Adding a Menu Item for a New Application 178 Compiling and Installing Software From Source Code 180 Source Code and Open Source 181 Downloading the Compiler Tools 184 Source Code Walkthrough: Gnu Privacy Guard Application 187 Download gpg 187 Build and Install Gnu Privacy Guard 189 195 Keeping Your Data Private 195 Why This Information Is Important 196 Before You Begin 196 Introducing GNU Privacy Guard 197 What the Software Does 197 Terminology 197 Basics of Public Key Encryption 198 Gpg uses two keys, one public, one private 198 Create your own GPG Key 200 Use gpg to generate your pair of keys 201 Levels of Trust in Keys 204 Encrypt a File 205 Encrypting many files 211 Decrypting a file 211 Decrypting an archive of files 213 Key Management 214 Managing your Private Key 214 Sharing Public Keys 215 Getting Other People's Public Keys 217 Listing the keys on your keyring 218 Limitations of encryption 219 Summary of common gpg commands 221 Encrypting Email 223 Enigmail is the Mozilla Mail interface to gpg 223 Sharing On Your Local Network 241 Introduction to Workgroup Networking 242 Two Approaches to Networking 242 Network Security Warning! 243 Shortcut: Sharing Files Without a Network 244 Setting Up Windows Workgroup Networking 245 Set Your Windows Host and Workgroup Names 245 Put All Your Windows PCs in the Same Workgroup 245 Decide What to Share 246 Look at Your Windows Network Places 247 Setting Up Windows XP Clients 248 Windows XP Client Accesses Files on Windows Server 248 Windows XP Client Accesses Files on Linux Server 251 Setting Up Linux Clients 256 Linux Client Accesses Files on a Windows Server 256 Linux Client Accesses Files on a Linux Server 257 Linux Client Accesses Files on a Mac Server 258 A Mac Client Accesses Files on a Linux Server 259 Setting Up Print Servers 261 Linux Client of a Windows Print Server 261 Windows Client of a Linux Print Server 263 Linux Client of a Linux Print Server 266 Remote Desktop Sharing 266 Filesystems and Optical Storage (CDs and DVDs) 271 Getting Started 272 Filesystems and how to mount them 272 Fun with Filesystems 272 Different Filesystems 274 More about Mount 280 Less about Links 282 Reading Data CDs 284 Burning Data CDs 285 Burn Settings 286 Burning the media 287 Erasing a CD-RW or DVD-RW 288 Burning an ISO file 288 El Torito spec for Bootable CDs 290 MD5 checksums for files 291 Start the ISO Burn 291 Playing Music CDs with Lsongs 292 The older Kscd CD player 293 Rip, Mix, Burn! 293 Rip Music CDs 293 Importing MP3 files 296 Mix Music CDs 296 Burn a playlist of MP3s 297 Playing movie DVDs 300 Full screen DVD playing 301 Encrypted DVDs 301 Making a Backup Copy of a Movie DVD 302 Update the sources.list file 303 Get the Debian-packaged software 305 Get the unpackaged software 306 Make a DVD backup 309 Sound and Burner Troubleshooting 310 Sound advice 311 About your CD/DVD drives 313 Burner problems 314 Web Tools 319 Getting Started 320 Firefox Browser 320 Make Firefox the default browser 322 Making that Application Preference stick 323 Font size 323 Browser Extensions 324 The "ForecastFox" Weather icons 324 Dictionary Search 326 Bug Me Not - Site registration 326 Spoofing the User Agent String 328 Removing an Extension 328 Reviewing Firefox Settings 328 Nvu Webpage Editor 329 Create a webpage 330 Additional NVu Tips 333 More Applications 337 Getting Started 338 OpenOffice.org 338 OpenOffice.org Applications // moved up a bit 338 OpenOffice.org Basics 340 Trying it Out: Curvy Text 341 Saving Files in OpenOffice.org 342 Where OpenOffice.org Came From 342 Where to Get OpenOffice.org // in case they want an upgrade or don't have linspire 343 Instant Messenger 344 Get an IM account 345 Set up your IM application 345 Lphoto and Digital Photography 348 Importing your pictures into Lphoto 349 Organizing your pictures with Lphoto 352 Improving your pictures with Lphoto 354 Put Pictures in Albums 358 Exporting your pictures from Lphoto 359 Burning a Picture CD 362 Installation and Boot 387 Getting Started 388 Installation Preparation Checklist 388 The Easiest Installation Is the One Someone Else Does 389 Downloading Your Linux Distro and Burning It to CD 390 What Happens During an Installation 391 More About Disk Partitioning 392 Choosing How You'll Install Linspire 394 Prepping for the Takeover Disk Installation 395 Choosing a Disk 396 Fitting an Additional Linux Disk Without Overwriting Windows 397 Advanced Installation Using Dual Boot 400 Partition Prep 400 Partitioning Your Disk 404 What Happens During a Boot 405 Booting Step-by-Step 405 Linspire Installation 407 What You Need to Have Done by This Point 407 Hardware Requirements 408 Installing 409 Post-Installation Setup 412 Booting the Computer After Setup 412 Adding User Accounts 415 Trouble-Shooting After Installation 417 System Administration Know-How 419 Making Backups 419 Alternative 3: Use a Commercial Backup Product 426 Resetting a Password 426 Resetting a Forgotten Root Password 426 Setting a Password Using the KDE User Manager 428 429 Disk Basics and Partitioning 429 Getting Started 430 Sample Output from Network Commands 447 Commands for the Command Line 453 Getting Started 454 About commands generally 454 The path 455 The path is saved in an environment variable 456 Typing the Full Pathname 456 The Shell 457 Another use for Environment Variables 457 Working with files 458 Working with folders 464 Working with Samba 466 Show the available shares and printers 466 Mount a shared folder manually // duplicate of section on next page? 467 Stop and start samba manually 467 Mount a shared folder manually 468 Filtering service by IP address 468 Sharing folders that aren't under /root 469 What Else Is There to Commands? // would rename Filesystem Utilities 471 The Most Powerful Part of Linux (Not Included) 471 Troubleshooting With Strace 475 Using Strace (For Experts Only) 476 The corresponding source code of "touch.c" 477 Where to find Linux source code 479 Finding the pathname for a GUI application 481 Malicious Windows Software 483 Windows viruses are getting more dangerous 484 More about backdoors 485 Windows Web Servers Penetrated Worldwide 487 Why weren't users warned of Download.Ject? 488 US Government warns "don't use Internet Explorer" 488 Why does Microsoft software have so many security problems? 489 The End, and the Beginning 493 Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Operating systems (Computers).