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Contents Preface for Instructors Preface for Students Part I: Major Methodological Changes in Science from Antiquity to the Present Chapter 1: Understanding Science: The Armchair versus Practice A. Introduction B. Justification of methodological practices C. Precursors to contemporary science: an historical overview D. Research paradigms, programs, and traditions E. Naturalism: a brief introduction F. Remainder of book G. Chapter summary Chapter 2: Major Issues to Emerge in 20th Century Approaches to Science Introduction A. Logical positivism B. Operationism Popper's falsificationism C. Kuhn's psychologism and historicism a. Chapter summary Chapter 3: Methodology in the Postpositivist Era Introduction Naturalism in science Lakato's sophisticated falsificationism Laudan's research traditions and normative naturalism Giere's cognitive approach The rise of relativism Chapter summary Part II: Naturalism and Modern Science Chapter 4: Theory Testing A. Introduction Scientific theory Types of theory Hypothesis testing B. Induction and deduction D. Abduction and theory construction Chapter summary Chapter 5: Inference to the Best Explanation Introduction Evaluating theories: a critical evaluation of criteria Resolution of ambiguity over time Natural selection Brain function and cognitive neuroscience Consilience Chapter summary Chapter 6: The New Means of Understanding Science A. Introduction Empirical methods for better understanding science, scientific practice, and scientists C. Chapter summary Part III: Applying Naturalism to Contemporary Methodological Issues in Psychology Chapter 7: Postmodernism and the Rejection of the Conventional Conception of Science Introduction Underdetermination and incommensurability C. Postmodernism e. Our critique Chapter summary Chapter 8: Qualitative Research Methods Introduction Rationale for qualitative methods Varieties of qualitative methods Chapter summary Chapter 9: Critical Evaluation of Qualitative Inquiry's Approach to Qualitative Methods Introduction Justification of qualitative methods Misunderstanding of positivism Specific positions of qualitative researchers Chapter summary Chapter 10: Internal and External Validity Introduction Applications of scientific psychology Scientific psychology opposes pseudoscience D. Chapter and book summary References Glossary of Terms Glossary of Names
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Psychology -- Research -- Methodology.
Psychology, Experimental -- Research -- Methodology.