Table of contents for Why science matters : understanding the methods of psychological research / Robert W. Proctor and E.J. Capaldi.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Preface for Instructors
Preface for Students
Part I: Major Methodological Changes in Science from Antiquity to the Present
Chapter 1: Understanding Science: The Armchair versus Practice
A.	Introduction
B.	Justification of methodological practices
C.	Precursors to contemporary science: an historical overview
D.	Research paradigms, programs, and traditions
E.	Naturalism: a brief introduction
F.	Remainder of book
G.	Chapter summary
Chapter 2: Major Issues to Emerge in 20th Century Approaches to Science
	Introduction
A.	Logical positivism
B.	Operationism
	Popper's falsificationism
C.	Kuhn's psychologism and historicism
a.	Chapter summary
Chapter 3: Methodology in the Postpositivist Era
	Introduction
	Naturalism in science
	Lakato's sophisticated falsificationism
	Laudan's research traditions and normative naturalism
	Giere's cognitive approach
	The rise of relativism
	Chapter summary
Part II: Naturalism and Modern Science
Chapter 4: Theory Testing
A.	Introduction
	Scientific theory
	Types of theory
	Hypothesis testing
B.	Induction and deduction
D.	Abduction and theory construction
	Chapter summary
Chapter 5: Inference to the Best Explanation
	Introduction
	Evaluating theories: a critical evaluation of criteria
	Resolution of ambiguity over time
	Natural selection
	Brain function and cognitive neuroscience
	Consilience
	Chapter summary
Chapter 6: The New Means of Understanding Science
A.	Introduction
	Empirical methods for better understanding science, scientific practice, and 
scientists
C.	Chapter summary
Part III: Applying Naturalism to Contemporary Methodological Issues in Psychology
Chapter 7: Postmodernism and the Rejection of the Conventional Conception of 
Science
	Introduction
	Underdetermination and incommensurability
C.	Postmodernism
e.	Our critique
	Chapter summary
Chapter 8: Qualitative Research Methods
	Introduction
	Rationale for qualitative methods
	Varieties of qualitative methods
	Chapter summary
Chapter 9: Critical Evaluation of Qualitative Inquiry's Approach to Qualitative 
Methods
	Introduction
	Justification of qualitative methods
	Misunderstanding of positivism
	Specific positions of qualitative researchers
	Chapter summary
Chapter 10: Internal and External Validity
	Introduction
	Applications of scientific psychology
	Scientific psychology opposes pseudoscience
D.	Chapter and book summary
References
Glossary of Terms
Glossary of Names

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Psychology -- Research -- Methodology.
Psychology, Experimental -- Research -- Methodology.