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Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.

Contents
Preface E1 ix
Acknowledgments E1 x
Directions to the Learner E1 xi
Instructional Elements of the Text E1 xii
How to Use the Learning Program E1 xiv
Refresher Math Pretest E1 xvi
SECTION ONE
Refresher Math E1 1
Relative Value, Addition, and Subtraction of Decimals E1 3
Relative Value of Decimals E1 3
Addition and Subtraction of Decimals E1 7
Summary E1 8
Summary Self-Test E1 8
Multiplication and Division of Decimals E1 11
Multiplication of Decimals E1 11
Division of Decimal Fractions E1 13
Elimination of Decimal Points E1 13
Reduction of Fractions E1 14
Reduction of Numbers Ending in Zero E1 16
Calculator Use for Final Division E1 17
Expressing to the Nearest Tenth E1 17
Expressing to the Nearest Hundredth E1 18
Summary E1 19
Summary Self-Test E1 20
Solving Common Fraction Equations E1 22
Whole Number Equations E1 22
Decimal Fraction Equations E1 25
Multiple Number Equations E1 28
Summary E1 31
Summary Self-Test E1 31
TWO
Introduction to Drug Measures E1 35
Metric, International (SI) System E1 37
Basic Units of the Metric/SI System E1 37
Metric/SI Prefixes E1 38
Metric/SI Symbols E1 38
Metric/SI Notation Rules E1 40
Conversion Between Metric/SI Units E1 41
Common Errors in Metric/SI Dosages E1 43
Summary E1 44
Summary Self-Test E1 45
Additional Drug Measures: Unit, Percentage, Milliequivalent, Ratio, Apothecary,
Household E1 47
International Units (U) E1 47
Percentage (%) Measures E1 48
Milliequivalent (mEq) Measures E1 48
Ratio Measures E1 49
Apothecary and Household Measures E1 50
Summary E1 50
Summary Self-Test E1 51
SECTION THREE
Reading Medication Labels and Syringe Calibrations E1 53
Reading Oral Medication Labels E1 55
Tablet and Capsule Labels E1 56
Tablet/Capsule Dosage Calculation E1 59
Oral Solution Labels E1 64
Measurement of Oral Solutions E1 66
Summary E1 66
Summary Self-Test E1 67
Hypodermic Syringe Measurement E1 74
Standard 3 mL Syringe E1 74
Safety Syringes E1 78
Tuberculin (TB) Syringe E1 80
5, 6, 10, and 12 mL Syringes E1 82
20 mL and Larger Syringes E1 85
Summary E1 87
Summary Self-Test E1 87
Reading Parenteral Medication Labels E1 91
Reading Metric/SI Solution Labels E1 92
Percent (%) and Ratio Solution Labels E1 93
Solutions Measured in International Units E1 95
Solutions Measured as Milliequivalents (mEq) E1 96
Summary E1 97
Summary Self-Test E1 98
Reconstitution of Powdered Drugs E1 109
Reconstitution of a Single Strength Solution E1 109
Reconstitution of Multiple Strength Solutions E1 112
Reconstitution from Package Insert Directions E1 114
Summary E1 115
Summary Self-Test E1 116
Measuring Insulin Dosages E1 122
Types of Insulin E1 122
100 unit/mL Insulin and Syringes E1 125
Lo-Dose Syringes E1 125
100 Unit Capacity Syringes E1 127
Combining Insulin Dosages E1 129
Summary E1 131
Summary Self-Test E1 131
SECTION FOUR
Dosage Calculation Using Dimensional Analysis E1 137
Dosage Calculation Using Dimensional Analysis E1 139
The Basic DA Equation E1 139
Equations Requiring Metric Conversions E1 145
Summary E1 148
Summary Self Test E1 148
SECTION FIVE
Dosage Calculation from Body Weight and Body Surface Area E1 165
Adult and Pediatric Dosages Based on Body Weight E1 167
Converting lb to kg E1 167
Converting kg to lb E1 168
Calculating Dosages from Drug Label Information E1 169
Calculating Dosages from Drug Literature E1 172
Summary E1 176
Summary Self-Test E1 176
Adult and Pediatric Dosages Based on Body Surface Area E1 182
Calculating BSA from kg and cm E1 182
Calculating BSA from lb and in E1 184
Dosage Calculation Based on BSA E1 185
Assessing Orders Based on BSA E1 185
Summary E1 187
Summary Self-Test E1 188
SECTION SIX
Intravenous Calculations E1 193
Introduction to IV Therapy E1 195
Primary Line E1 195
Secondary Line E1 197
Volume-Controlled Burettes E1 200
Indwelling Infusion Ports/Intermittent Locks E1 200
Volumetric Pumps E1 201
Syringe Pumps E1 203
Patient-Controlled Analgesia (PCA) Devices E1 204
Introduction to IV Fluids E1 205
Percentages in IV Fluids E1 206
Parenteral Nutrition E1 206
Summary E1 206
Summary Self-Test E1 207
IV Flow Rate Calculation E1 209
IV Tubing Calibration E1 209
Calculation of gtt/min Rates E1 210
Small Volume gtt/min Calculations E1 213
Division Factor Method of Calculation E1 215
Regulating Flow Rate E1 218
Summary E1 219
Summary Self-Test E1 220
Calculating IV Infusion and Completion Times E1 222
Calculating from Volume and Hourly Rate Ordered E1 222
Calculating Infusion Time from gtt/min Rate and Set Calibration E1 224
Calculating Small-Volume Infusion Times of Less Than 1 hr E1 228
Determining Infusion Completion Time E1 230
Labeling Solution Bags with Infusion and Completion Times E1 232
Summary E1 236
Summary Self-Test E1 236
IV Medication and Titration Calculations E1 244
Calculating mL/hr Rate from Dosage Ordered E1 245
Calculating mL/hr Rate from Dosage per kg Ordered E1 247
Calculating Dosage Infusing from Flow Rate E1 253
Titration of Infusions E1 254
Summary E1 258
Summary Self-Test E1 259
Heparin Intravenous Calculations E1 262
Reading Heparin Labels and Preparing IV Solutions E1 262
Calculating mL/hr Flow Rate from units/hr Ordered E1 265
Calculating units/hr Infusing from mL/hr Infusing E1 266
Summary E1 268
Summary Self-Test E1 268
SECTION SEVEN
Pediatric Medication Calculations E1 271
Pediatric Oral and Parenteral Medications E1 273
Oral Medications E1 273
IM and Subcutaneous Medications E1 275
Summary E1 276
Summary Self-Test E1 276
Pediatric Intravenous Medications E1 279
Methods of IV Medication Administration E1 279
Medication Administration via Burette E1 280
Comparing IV Dosages Ordered with Average Dosages E1 284
Summary E1 287
Summary Self-Test E1 287
Illustration Credits E1 291
Index E1 293

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Pharmaceutical arithmetic.
Dimensional analysis.