Table of contents for Analysis and design of shallow and deep foundations / Lymon C. Reese, William M. Isenhower, Shin-Tower Wang.

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CONTENTS
Preface
List of Symbols and Notations
1.	Introduction to Part 1
1.1	Historical Use of Foundations
1.2 Kinds of Foundations and their Uses
		Spread Footings and Mats
		Deep Foundations
 Hybrid Foundations
1.3	Concepts in Design
		Site Visit
		Gain Information of Geology at Site
Obtain Information on Magnitude and Nature of Loads on 
Foundation
			Obtain Information on Properties of Soil at Site
			Consideration of Long-term Effects
			Appropriate Attention to Analysis
			Recommendations for Tests of Deep Foundations
			Observe Behavior of Foundation for Completed Structure
	Problems
	References
2.	Engineering Geology
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Nature of Soil Affected by Geologic Processes
Nature of Transported Soil
Weathering and Residual Soil
Nature of Soil Affected by Volcanic Processes
Nature of Glaciated Soil
Karst Geology		
2.3 Available Data on Regions in the United States
2.4 U.S. Geological Survey and State Agencies
2.5 Examples of Application of Engineering Geology
2.6 Site Visit
Problems 
References
3.	Fundamentals of Soil Mechanics
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Data Needed to Design Foundations
Solid and Rock Classification
Location of the Water Table
Shear Strength and Density
Deformability Characteristics
Prediction of Changes in Conditions and the Environment
	3.3	Nature of Soil
			Grain-size Distribution
			Types of Soil and Rock
			Mineralogy of Common Geologic Materials
			Water Content and Void Ratio
			Saturation of Soil
			Weight-Volume Relationships
			Atterberg Limits and the Unified Soils Classification System
	3.4	Concept of Effective Stress
			Laboratory Tests for Consolidation of Soils
			Spring and Piston Model of Consolidation
			Determination of Initial Total Stresses
			Calculation of Total and Effective Stresses
			The Role of Effective Stress in Soil Mechanics
	3.5	Analysis of Consolidation and Settlement
			Time Rates of Settlement
			One-Dimensional Consolidation Testing
			The Consolidation Curve
			Calculation of Total Settlement
			Calculation of Settlement due to Consolidation
			Reconstruction of the Field Consolidation Curve
			Effects of Sample Disturbance on Consolidation Properties
			Correlation of Consolidation Indices with Index Tests
			Comments on Accuracy of Settlement Computations
	3.6	Shear Strength of Soils
			Introduction
			Friction Between Two Surfaces in Contact
			Direct Shear Testing
			Triaxial Shear Testing
			Drained Triaxial Tests on Sand
			Triaxial Shear Testing of Saturated Clays
			The SHANSEP Method
			Other Types of Shear Testing for Soils
			Selection of the Appropriate Test Method
	Problems
	References
4.	Investigation of Subsurface Conditions
4.1	Introduction
4.2	Methods of Advancing Borings
	Wash-boring Technique
	Continuous-flight Auger with Hollow Core
4.3	Methods of Sampling
	Introduction
	Sampling with Thin-Walled Tubes
	Sampling with Thick-Walled Tube
	Sampling Rock
4.4	In Situ Testing of Soil
		Cone Penetrometer and Piezometer-Cone Penetrometer
		Vane Shear Device
		Pressuremeter
4.5 Boring Report
4.6 Subsurface Investigations for Offshore Structures
Problems 
References
5.	Principal Types of Foundations
5.1 Shallow Foundations
5.2 Deep Foundations
Introduction
Driven Piles with Impact Hammer
Drilled Shafts
Augercast Piles
GeoJet Piles
Micropiles
5.3 Caissons
5.4 Hybrid Foundation
Problems 
References
6.	Designing Stable Foundations
	6.1	Introduction
6.2 Total and Differential Settlement
6.3 Allowable Settlement of Structures
Tolerance of Buildings to Settlement
Exceptional Case of Settlement
Problems in Proving Settlement
6.4 Soil Investigations Appropriate to Design
Planning
Favorable Profiles
Soils with Special Characteristics
Calcareous Soil
6.5 Use of Valid Analytical Methods
Oil Tank in Norway
Transcona Elevator in Canada
Bearing Piles in China
6.6 Foundations at Unstable Slopes
Pendleton Levee
Fort Peck Dam
6.7 Effects of Installation on Quality of Deep Foundations
Introduction
6.8 Effects of Installation of Deep Foundations on Nearby Structures
Driving Piles
6.9 Effects of Excavations on Nearby Structures
6.10 Deleterious Effects of Environment on Foundations
6.11 Scour of Soil at Foundations
Problems 
References
7.	Theories of Bearing Capacity and Settlement
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Terzaghi's Equations for Bearing Capacity
7.3 Revised Equations for Bearing Capacity
7.4 Extended Formulas for Bearing Capacity by J. Brinch Hansen
Eccentricity
Load Inclination Factors
Base and Ground Inclination
Shape Factors
Depth Effect
Depth Factors
General Formulas
Passive Earth Pressure
Soil Parameters
Example Computations
7.5	Equations for Computing Consolidation Settlement of Shallow 
Foundations on Saturated Clays
	Introduction
	Prediction of Total Settlement due to Loading of Clay Below the 
Water Table
			Prediction of Time Rate of Settlement due to Loading of Clay 
Below the Water Table
	Problems 
	References
8.	Principles for the Design of Foundations
8.1 Introduction
8.2	Standards of Professional Conduct
Fundamental Principles
Fundamental Canons
8.3	Design Team
8.4	Codes and Standards
8.5	Details of Project
8.6	Factor of Safety
Selection of Global Factor of Safety
Selection of Partial Factors of Safety
8.7	Design Process
8.8	Specifications and Inspection of Project
8.9	Observation of Completed Structure
Appendix
Problems
References
9.	Geotechnical Design of Shallow Foundations
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Problems with Subsidence
9.3 Designs to Accommodate Construction
De-watering During Construction
Dealing With Nearby Structures
9.4 Shallow Foundations on Sand
Introduction
Immediate Settlement of Shallow Foundations on Sand
Bearing Capacity of Footings on Sand
Design of Rafts on Sand
9.5 Shallow Foundations on Clay
Settlement from Consolidation
Immediate Settlement of Shallow Foundations on Clay
Design of Shallow Foundations on Clay
Design of Rafts
9.6 Shallow Foundations Subjected to Vibratory Loading
9.7 Designs in Special Circumstances
Freezing Weather
Design of Shallow Foundations on Collapsible Soil
Design of Shallow Foundations on Expansive Clay
Design of Shallow Foundations on Layered Soil
	Problems 
	References
10.	Geotechnical Design of Driven Piles Under Axial Loads
10.1 Comment on Nature of the Problem
10.2 Methods of Computation
Behavior of Axially-Loaded Piles
Geotechnical Capacity of Axially-Loaded Piles
10.3 Basic Equation for Computing the Ultimate Geotechnical Capacity of a Single Pile
API Methods
Revised Lambda Method
U.S. Army Corps Method
FHWA Method
10.4 Analyzing the Load-Settlement Relationship of an Axially Loaded Pile
Methods of Analyses
Interpretation of Load-Settlement Curves
10.5 Quality of Results Based on the Proposed Computation Method
10.6 Example Problems
Skin Friction
10.7 Analysis of Pile Driving
Introduction
Dynamic Formulas
Reasons for the Problems with Dynamic Formulas
Dynamic Analysis by Wave Equation
Effects of Pile Driving
Effects of Time after Pile Driving with No Load
	Problems
	References
11.	Geotechnical Design of Drilled Shafts Under Axial Loading
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Presentation of FHWA Design Procedure
Introduction
11.3 Strength and Serviceability Requirements
General Requirements
Stability Analysis
Strength Requirements
11.4 Design Criteria
Applicability and Deviations
Loading Conditions
Allowable Stresses
11.5 General Computations for Axial Capacity of Individual Drilled Shafts
11.6 Design Equations for Axial Capacity in Compression and in Uplift
Description of Soil and Rock for Axial Capacity Computations
Design for Axial Capacity in Cohesive Soils
Design for Axial Capacity in Granular Soils
Design for Axial Capacity in Cohesive Intermediate Geomaterials 
and Jointed Rock
			Design for Axial Capacity in Cohesionless Geomaterials
			Design for Axial Capacity in Massive Rock
			Addition of Side Resistance and End Bearing in Rock
			Commentary on Design for Axial Capacity in Karst
			Comparison of Results from Theory and Experiment
	References
12.	Fundamental Concepts Regarding Deep Foundations Under Lateral Loading
12.1 Introduction
Description of the Problem
Occurrence of Piles Under Lateral Loading
Historical Comment
12.2 Derivation of the Differential Equation
Solution of reduced form of differential equation
12.3 Response of Soil to Lateral Loading
12.4 Effect of Nature of Loading on Response of Soil
12.5 Method of Analysis for Introductory Solutions for a Single Pile
12.6 Example Solution Using Non-dimensional Charts for Analysis of a Single Pile
Problems 
References
13.	Analysis of Individual Deep Foundations Under Axial Loading Using t-z Model
13.1 Short-term Settlement and Uplift
Settlement and Uplift Movements
Basic Equations
Finite Difference Equations
Load-Transfer Curves
Load-Transfer Curves for Side Resistance in Cohesive Soil
Load-Transfer Curves for End Bearing in Cohesive Soil
Load-Transfer Curves for Side Resistance in Cohesionless Soil
Load-Transfer Curves for End Bearing in Cohesionless Soil
Load-Transfer Curves for Cohesionless Intermediated 
Geomaterials
			Example Computation
13.2 Design for Vertical Ground Movements Due to Downdrag or Expansive Uplift
Downward Movements Due to Downdrag
Upward Movement Due to Expansive Uplift
	References
14.	Analysis and Design by Computer of Piles Subjected to Lateral Loading
14.1 Nature of the Comprehensive Problem
14.2 Differential Equation for Comprehensive Solution
14.3 Recommendations for p-y Curves for Soil and Rock
Introductory Comments
Recommendations for p-y Curves for Clays
Recommendations for p-y Curves for Sands
Modifications to p-y Curves for Sloping Ground
Modifications for Raked (Battered Piles)
Recommendations for p-y Curves for Rock
14.4 Solution of Differential Equation by Computer
Introduction
Formula of Equation by Finite Differences
Equations for Boundary Conditions for Useful Solutions
14.5 Implementation of Computer Code
Selection of Length Increment
Safe Penetration of Pile With No Axial Load
Buckling of a Pipe Extending Above Ground Line
Steel Pile Supporting a Retaining Wall
Drilled Shaft Supporting an Overhead Structure
	Problems
	References
15.	Analysis of Pile Groups
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Distribution of Load to Piles in a Group, the Two-Dimensional Problem
Model of the Problem
Detailed Step-by-Step Solution Procedure
15.3 Modification of p-y Curves for Battered Piles
15.4 Example Solution Showing Distribution of Load to Piles in a Two-Dimensional Group
Solution by Hand Computations
15.5 Efficiency of Piles in Groups Under Lateral Loading
Modifying Lateral Resistance of Closely Spaced Piles
Customary Methods of Adjusting Lateral Resistance for Close 
Spacing
			Adjusting for Close Spacing under Lateral Loading by Modified 
p-y Curves
15.6 Efficiency of Piles in Groups Under Axial Loading
Introduction
Efficiency of Piles in a Group in Cohesionless Soils
Efficiency of Piles in a Group in Cohesive Soils
Concluding Comments
	Problems 
	References
List of All References

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Foundations -- Design and construction.