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Contents Preface Mathematical Symbols Used Part I: Single Species Populations Chapter 1: Density Independent Growth pp 1-27 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Fundamentals of Population Growth 1.3 Types of Models 1.4 Density Independent versus Density Dependent Growth 1.5 Discrete or "Geometric" Growth in Populations with Non-overlapping Generations 1.6 Exponential Growth in Populations with Overlapping Generations 1.7 Exponential Growth in an Invasive Species 1.8 Applications to Human Populations 1.9 The Finite Rate of Increase (?) and the Intrinsic Rate of Increase (r) 1.10 Stochastic Models of Population Growth and Population Viability Analysis 1.11 Summary Chapter 2: Density Dependent Growth and Intraspecific Competition pp. 28- 51 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Density Dependence in Populations with Discrete Generations 2.3 Density Dependence in Populations with Overlapping Generations 2.4 Nonlinear Density Dependence of Birth and Death Rates and the Allee Effect 2.5 Time Lags and Limit Cycles 2.6 Chaos and Behavior of the Discrete Logistic Model 2.7 Adding Stochasticity to Density Dependent Models 2.8 Laboratory and Field Data 2.9 Behavioral Aspects of Intraspecific Competition Castes in Social Insects Male-Male Competition in Horned Beetles Male-Female Competition in Dunnocks Competition versus Cooperative Behavior in a Group 2.10 Summary Chapter 3: Population Regulation Pages 52-57 3.1 Introduction 3.2 What is Population Regulation? 3.3 Combining Density Dependent and Density Independent Factors 3.4 Tests of Density Dependence 3.5 Summary Chapter 4: Populations with Age Structures Pages 58-83 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Survivorship 4.3 Fertility 4.4 Mortality Curves 4.5 Expectation of Life 4.6 Net Reproductive Rate, Generation Time and the Intrinsic Rate of Increase 4.7 Age Structure and the Stable Age Distribution 4.8 Projecting Population Growth in Age Structured Populations 4.9 The Leslie or Population Projection Matrix 4.10 A Second Version of the Leslie Matrix 4.11 The Lefkovitch Modification of the Leslie Matrix 4.12 Dominant Latent Roots and the Characteristic Equation 4.13 Reproductive Value 4.14 Summary: Sensitivity Analysis Chapter 5: Metapopulation Ecology Pages 84-105 5.1. Introduction 5.2 Metapopulations and Spatial Ecology 5.3 MacArthur and Wilson and the Equilibrium Theory 5.4 The Levins or Classical Metapopulation 5.5 Extinction in Metapopulations 5.6 Metapopulation Dynamics of Two Local Populations 5.7 Source-Sink Metapopulations and the Rescue Effect 5.8 Non-equilibrium and Patchy Metapopulations 5.9 Spatially Realistic Models 5.10 Minimum Viable Metapopulation Size 5.11 Assumptions and Evidence for the Existence of Metapopulations in Nature 5.12 Summary Chapter 6: Life History Strategies Pages 106-127 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Power Laws 6.3 The Metabolic Theory of Ecology 6.4 Cole and Lewontin 6.5 The theory of r- and K-selection 6.6 Cost of Reproduction and Allocation of Energy. 6.7 Clutch Size 6.8 Latitudinal gradients in Clutch Size 6.9 Predation and Its Effects on Life History Characteristics 6.10 Bet Hedging 6.11 The Grime General Model for Three Evolutionary Strategies in Plants 6.12 Summary Part II Interspecific Interactions Preface: Types and Characteristics of Interspecific Interactions Pages 128-131 Chapter 7: Interspecific Competition Pages 132-157 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Interspecific Competition: Early Experiments and the Competitive Exclusion Principle 7.3 The Lotka-Volterra Competition Equations 7.4 Laboratory Experiments and Competition 7.5 Resource Based Competition Theory 7.6 Spatial Competition and the Competition-Colonization Trade-off 7.7 Evidence for Competition from Nature 7.8 Indirect Evidence for Competition and "Natural Experiments" 7.9 Summary Chapter 8: Mutualism Pages 158-163 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Modeling Mutualism 8.3 Summary: the Costs of Mutualism Chapter 9: Host-Parasite Interactions Pages 164-176 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Factors Affecting Microparasite Population Biology 9.3 Modeling Host-Microparasite Interactions 9.4 Dynamics of the Disease 9.5 Immunization 9.6 Endangered Metapopulations and Disease 9.7 Social Parasites 9.8 Summary Chapter 10: Predator/Prey Interactions Pages 177-203 10.1 Introduction 10.2 The Lotka-Volterra Equations 10.3 Early Tests of the Lotka-Volterra Models 10.4 Functional Responses 10.5 Adding Prey Density Dependence and the Type II and III Functional Responses to the Lotka-Volterra Equations 10.6 The Graphical Analyses of Rosenzweig and MacArthur 10.7 Use of a Half Saturation Constant in Predator/Prey Interactions 10.8 Parasitoid/Host Interactions and the Nicholson-Bailey Models 10.9 Section Summary 10.10 Field Studies 10.11 Trophic Cascades 10.12 The Dangers of a Predatory Lifestyle 10.13 Escape from Predation 10.14 Summary Chapter 11: Plant-Herbivore Interactions Pages 204-228 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Classes of Chemical Defenses 11.3 Constitutive versus Induced Defense 11.4 Plant Communication 11.5 Plant-Parasitoid Communication 11.6 A Classic Set of Data Reconsidered 11.7 Novel Defenses/Herbivore Responses 11.8 Detoxification of Plant Compounds by Herbivores 11.9 Plant Apparency and Chemical Defense 11.10 Soil Fertility and Chemical Defense 11.11 The Optimal Defense Theory 11.12 Modeling Plant-Herbivore Population Dynamics 11.13 Summary: The Complexities of Herbivore-Plant Interactions References Pages 229-266 Appendix 1: Exercises Appendix 2: Matrix Algebra: the Basics Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Population ecology -- Textbooks.

Ecology -- Textbooks.