Table of contents for The modern gang reader / edited by Arlen Egley, Jr. ... [et al.].

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Contents
Foreword by Gilbert Geis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix
Section I: DEFINING AND UNDERSTANDING
GANGS
Chapter 1: Defining and Researching Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Robert J. Bursik, Jr. and Harold G. Grasmick
Bursik and Grasmick provide a concise overview of the
definitional issues confronting gang researchers as well
as practitioners and review the methods used by gang
researchers.
Chapter 2: The History of Gang Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Scott H. Decker and Barrik Van Winkle
A careful review of the evolution of gang research and
theory from the late nineteenth century through the
1970s.
*Chapter 3: A Multiple Marginality Framework of Gangs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
James Diego Vigil
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 4: Antecedents of Gang Membership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Terence P. Thornberry, Marvin D. Krohn, Alan J. Lizotte,
Carolyn A. Smith, and Kimberly Tobin
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 5: Getting Into Gangs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Jody Miller
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 6: Leaving the Gang . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Scott H. Decker and Janet L. Lauritsen
Chapter description to come
iii
* New to the Second Edition
Section II: DISTRIBUTION AND STRUCTURES
OF GANGS
*Chapter 7: Recent Patterns of Gang Problems in the United States:
Results from the 1996-2002 National Youth Gang Survey . . . . . . . . . . 80
Arlen Egley, Jr., James C. Howell, and Aline K. Major
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 8: The Evolution of Street Gangs:
An Examination of Form and Variation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Deborah L. Weisel
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 9: Street Gangs: A Cross-National Perspective . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
Malcolm W. Klein
Chapter description to come
Chapter 10: Gang Members on the Move . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Cheryl L. Maxson
The contribution of gang member migration to the
national proliferation of gangs is investigated.
Chapter 11: Inside the Fremont Hustlers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Mark Fleisher
An insider's view of gang structure emerges from this
description of a street gang with female membership.
Chapter 12: The Working Gang . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Felix Padilla
An insightful depiction of the evolution of a gang clique
into a drug gang.
*Chapter 13: An Overview of the Challenge of Prison Gangs . . . . . . . . . . 165
Mark S. Fleisher and Scott H. Decker
Chapter description to come
Section III: RACE, ETHNICITY, AND GENDER
IN GANGS
Chapter 14: Race and Gender Differences Between Gang
and Nongang Youths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Finn-Aage Esbensen and L. Thomas Winfree, Jr.
Surprising results on the rates of gang participation
among a sample of eighth-grade youths from fourteen
cities in the United States.
Chapter 15: Chinese Gangs and Extortion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 191
Ko-Lin Chin
An informative description of the extortion activities of
Chinese gangs in New York and comparisons with other
ethnic groups.
*Chapter 16: Patterns of Ethnic Violence in a Frankfurt
Street Gang . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
Hermann Tertilt
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 17: Female Gangs: A Focus on Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Joan Moore and John Hagedorn
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 18: The Impact of Sex Composition on Gangs
and Gang Member Delinquency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224
Dana Peterson, Jody Miller, and Finn-Aage Esbensen
Chapter description to come
Section IV: GANGS, VIOLENCE, AND DRUGS
Chapter 19: Membership in Youth Gangs and Involvement
in Serious and Violent Offending . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
Terence P. Thornberry
A discussion of the current state of knowledge
concerning the significant relationship between youth
gang membership and participation in serious and
violent crime.
*Chapter 20: Gang Involvement and Delinquency
in a Middle School Population . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252
G. David Curry, Scott H. Decker, and Arlen Egley, Jr.
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 21: Situations of Violence in the Lives
of Girl Gang Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Geoffrey Hunt and Karen Joe-Laidler
Chapter description to come
Chapter 22: Defining Gang Homicide: An Updated Look
at Member and Motive Approaches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279
Cheryl L. Maxson and Malcolm W. Klein
An empirical assessment of the implications of
contrasting definitional approaches to labeling gang
crimes.
*Chapter 23: Gang Homicide in L.A., 1981-2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 291
George Tita and Allan Abrahamse
Chapter description to come
Chapter 24: Street Gang Crime in Chicago . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306
Carolyn Rebecca Block and Richard Block
A comprehensive analysis of Chicago street gang violence
over several years provides a rare comparison between
homicide and less lethal violent events.
*Chapter 25: 'Getting High and Getting By': Dimensions
of Drug Selling Behaviors Among American Mexican
Gang Members in South Texas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322
Avelardo Valdez and Stephen J. Sifaneck
Chapter description to come
Section V: PROGRAMS AND POLICIES
Chapter 26: Public Policy Responses to Gangs:
Evaluating the Outcomes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 340
Noelle E. Fearn, Scott H. Decker, and G. David Curry
The authors provide a thorough review of the vast array
of public policy responses to gangs, along with their
strengths and weaknesses.
Chapter 27: G-Dog and the Homeboys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 354
Celeste Fremon
An inspirational story of one individual's efforts to make
a difference in the lives of gang members in East Los
Angeles, this journalistic article depicts the enormous
challenges confronting even the most dedicated
intervention efforts.
*Chapter 28: New Approaches to the Strategic Prevention
of Gang and Group-Involved Violence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368
Anthony A. Braga, David M. Kennedy, and George Tita
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 29: A Study of Police Gang Units in Six Cities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 380
Vincent J. Webb and Charles M. Katz
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 30: Gang Problems and Gang Programs
in a National Sample of Schools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393
Gary D. Gottfredson and Denise C. Gottfredson
Chapter description to come
Chapter 31: The National Evaluation of the Gang Resistance
Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
Finn-Aage Esbensen
Provides cross-sectional and longitudinal results from the
evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and
Training Program.
*Chapter 32: Antigang Legislation and Its Potential Impact:
The Promises and the Pitfalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414
Beth Bjerregaard
Chapter description to come
*Chapter 33: For the Sake of the Neighborhood?:
Civil Gang Injunctions as a Gang Intervention Tool
in Southern California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428
Cheryl L. Maxson, Karen Hennigan, David C. Sloan
Chapter description to come
Recommended Readings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443
vii

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Gangs -- United States.
Juvenile delinquents -- United States.