Table of contents for Cultural diversity and education : foundations, curriculum, and theory / James A. Banks.

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BRIEF CONTENTS
PART ONE DIMENSIONS, HISTORY, AND GOALS 000
1 The Dimensions of Multicultural Education 000
2 Multicultural Education and Global Citizenship 000
3 Multicultural Education: History, Development,
Goals and Approaches 000
PART TWO CONCEPTUAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES 000
4 Culture, Ethnicity, and Education 000
5 Race, Diversity, and Educational Paradigms 000
6 Pluralism, Ideology, and Educational Reform 000
7 The Stages of Cultural Identity: Implications for Curriculum Reform 000
PART THREE KNOWLEDGE CONSTRUCTION AND
SCHOOL REFORM 000
8 Race, Disability, Giftedness, and School Reform 000
9 The Lives and Values of Transformative Scholars 000
PART FOUR CURRICULUM AND TEACHING STRATEGIES FOR
DECISION-MAKING AND ACTION 000
10 A Curriculum for Empowerment, Action and Change 000
11 Teaching Decision-Making and Social Action Skills for Social Change 000
PART FIVE GENDER, LANGUAGE, INTERGROUP RELATIONS, AND
GUIDELINES 000
12 Gender and Educational Equity 000
13 Language, Culture, and Education Ricardo L. Garcia 0000
14 Reducing Prejudice in Students: Theory, Research, and Strategies 000
15 Curriculum Guidelines for Multicultural Education 000
Appendix: Multicultural Education Program Evaluation Checklist 000
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ix
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Dedication v
Preface 000
Acknowledgments 000
PART I DIMENSIONS, HISTORY, AND GOALS 000
CHAPTER ONE
The Dimensions of Multicultural Education 000
THE AIMS AND GOALS OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION 000
THE DIMENSIONS AND THEIR IMPORTANCE 000
LIMITATIONS AND INTERRELATIONSHIP OF THE DIMENSIONS 000
THE MEANING OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION TO TEACHERS 000
CONTEXTUALIZING MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION 000
THE DIMENSIONS OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION 000
Content Integration 000
The Knowledge Construction Process 000
Prejudice Reduction 000
Equity Pedagogy 000
An Empowering School Structure and Social Structure 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
CHAPTER TWO
Multicultural Education and Global Citizenship 000
CHALLENGES TO THE ASSIMILATIONIST NOTION OF CITIZENSHIP 000
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BALANCING UNITY AND DIVERSITY 000
LITERACY, SOCIAL JUSTICE, AND CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION 000
INCREASING DIVERSITY AND GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION 000
LINKING MULTICULTURAL AND GLOBAL EDUCATION: PROMISES 000
LINKING MULTICULTURAL AND GLOBAL EDUCATION: PROBLEMS 000
LINKING MULTICULTURAL AND GLOBAL EDUCATION
BY HELPING STUDENTS DEVELOP THREE INTERRELATED IDENTIFICATIONS 000
Cultural, National, and Global Identifications 000
GOALS FOR GLOBAL EDUCATION 000
THE NEED FOR A DELICATE BALANCE OF IDENTIFICATIONS 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
CHAPTER THREE
Multicultural Education: History,
Development, Goals, and Approaches 000
NATIVISM, ASSIMILATION, AND CULTURAL PLURALISM 000
The Rise of Nativism 000
Nativism and Education 000
The Melting Pot 000
The Call for Cultural Pluralism 000
ETHNIC EDUCATION BETWEEN THE TWO WORLD WARS 000
THE INTERGROUP EDUCATION MOVEMENT 000
The Intergroup Education Movement Ends 000
ASSIMILATION, THE NEW PLURALISM, AND THE NEW IMMIGRANTS 000
Assimilation Continues and Helps to Shape a Nation 000
The New Pluralism 000
The New Immigrants 000
THE EMERGENCE OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION 000
Phase I: Mono-ethnic Courses 000
Phase II: Multiethnic Studies Courses 000
Phase III: Multiethnic Education 000
Phase IV: Multicultural Education 000
Phase V: The Institutionalization Process 000
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THE GOALS OF MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION 000
Total School Reform: An Essential Goal of Multicultural Education 000
Cross-Cultural Competency 000
APPROACHES TO MULTICULTURAL CURRICULUM REFORM 000
THE ETHNIC ADDITIVE APPROACH 000
The Transformation Approach 000
The Decision Making and Social Action Approach 000
Mixing and Blending the Approaches 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
PART II CONCEPTUAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES 000
CHAPTER FOUR
Culture, Ethnicity, and Education 000
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION 000
The Meaning of Culture 000
Culture as Symbols and Interpretations 000
Culture as a Strategy for Survival 000
The Characteristics of Cultures 000
CULTURE, MACROCULTURE, AND MICROCULTURES 000
THE VARIABLES AND COMPONENTS OF CULTURE 000
Values and Behavioral Styles 000
Languages and Dialects 000
Nonverbal Communications 000
Cultural Cognitiveness 000
Perspectives, Worldviews, and Frames of Reference 000
Identification 000
Microcultural Groups and Individuals 000
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION: NATURE AND LIMITATIONS 000
THE NATURE OF AN ETHNIC GROUP 000
Types of Ethnic Groups 000
Ethnic Group: AMultidimensional Concept 000
The Variables of Ethnic Group Behavior 000
Ethnic Studies 000
CONTENTS xi
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RACE AS A FACTOR IN INTERGROUP PROBLEMS 000
EDUCATION FOR ETHNIC AND RACIAL DIVERSITY 000
REDUCING RACIAL CONFLICT 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
CHAPTER FIVE
Race, Diversity, and Educational Paradigms 000
THE NATURE OF PARADIGMS 000
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION PARADIGMS 000
RESPONSE PARADIGMS: THE SCHOOLS REACT
TO ETHNIC REVITALIZATION MOVEMENTS 000
The Ethnic Additive and Self-Concept Development Paradigms 000
The Cultural Deprivation Paradigm 000
The Language Paradigm 000
The Racism Paradigm 000
The Radical Paradigm 000
The Genetic Paradigm 000
Competing Paradigms 000
THE NEED FOR A MULTIFACTOR PARADIGM AND HOLISM 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
CHAPTER SIX
Pluralism, Ideology, and Educational Reform 000
THE CULTURAL PLURALIST IDEOLOGY 000
THE ASSIMILATIONIST IDEOLOGY 000
The Assimilationist Ideology and Education 000
Attacks on the Assimilationist Ideology 000
A CRITIQUE OF THE PLURALIST AND ASSIMILATIONIST IDEOLOGIES 000
THE MULTICULTURAL IDEOLOGY 000
The Societal Basis for the Multicultural Ideology 000
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Multiple Acculturation 000
Ethnic Subsocieties and Nonuniversalized Cultural Components 000
SHARING POWER 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
CHAPTER SEVEN
The Stages of Cultural Identity:
Implications for Curriculum Reform 000
USE OF THE TYPOLOGY IN RESEARCH 000
DEFINING CULTURAL GROUPS AND CULTURAL IDENTITY 000
Gender as a Cultural Group 000
SCHOLARSHIP ON OTHER CULTURAL GROUPS 000
Lower-Class Culture 000
Gay Culture 000
Deaf Culture 000
Ethnic Culture 000
ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT STUDENTS 000
Cultural Groups Are Complex and Dynamic 000
THE STAGES OF CULTURAL IDENTITY: A TYPOLOGY 000
Stage 1: Cultural Psychological Captivity 000
Stage 2: Cultural Encapsulation 000
Stage 3: Cultural Identity Clarification 000
Stage 4: Biculturalism 000
Stage 5: Multiculturalism and Reflective Nationalism 000
Stage 6: Globalism and Global Competency 000
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CULTURAL IDENTITY TYPOLOGY 000
PRELIMINARY CURRICULAR IMPLICATIONS
OF THE STAGES OF CULTURAL IDENTITY TYPOLOGY 000
Curricular Implications of Cultural Identity: Stage 1 000
Curricular Implications of Cultural Identity: Stage 2 000
Curricular Implications of Cultural Identity: Stage 3 000
Curricular Implications of Cultural Identity: Stage 4 000
Curricular Implications of Cultural Identity: Stage 5 000
Curricular Implications of Cultural Identity: Stage 6 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
CONTENTS xiii
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PART III KNOWLEDGE CONSTRUCTION AND SCHOOL REFORM 000
CHAPTER EIGHT
Race, Disability, Giftedness, and School Reform 000
AIMS OF THIS CHAPTER 000
RACE RELATIONS TODAY 000
THE CHALLENGE OF FOSTERING DIVERSITY 000
A FOCUS ON DIFFERENCE 000
NEW CONCEPTIONS OF DIFFERENCE 000
The Social Construction of Difference 000
Lessons from the Past 000
THE CONTINUING SIGNIFICANCE OF RACE 000
THE CONTINUING SIGNIFICANCE OF CULTURE 000
EXPANSION OF EQUALITY FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES 000
Intellectual Hierarchies 000
Disability and Race 000
The Social Construction of Mental Retardation 000
The Social Construction of Giftedness 000
KNOWLEDGE, POWER, AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF CATEGORIES 000
REFORMING SCHOOLS 000
THE ROAD AHEAD 000
REFERENCES 000
CHAPTER NINE
The Lives and Values of Transformative Scholars
and Citizenship Education 000
AN EPISTEMOLOGICAL JOURNEY 000
THE VALUES OF RESEARCHERS 000
AIMS OF THIS CHAPTER 000
EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH, POLICY, AND PRACTICE 000
Values and the Quest for Objectivity 000
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THE QUEST FOR AUTHENTIC VOICES 000
Race and Gender 000
A TYPOLOGY OF CROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCHERS 000
CASE STUDIES OF THE LIVES OF RESEARCHERS 000
Kenneth B. Clark and Research on Race 000
John Hope Franklin?s Experiences with Race 000
The Antiracism Project of Anthropologists 000
Ruth Benedict and Antiracism Work 000
INTELLECTUAL LEADERSHIP AND ACTION 000
SOCIAL ACTION FOR SCHOLARS: BENEFITS AND RISKS 000
TRANSFORMATIVE SCHOLARS IN EDUCATION 000
Early Education Scholars and Researchers 000
CULTURAL DIFFERENCE THEORISTS TODAY 000
IMPLICATIONS FOR CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION
IN A MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY 000
Implications for Students and Teachers 000
Implications for Researchers 000
THE NEED FOR COMMITTED AND CARING RESEARCHERS 000
REFERENCES 000
PART IV CURRICULUM AND TEACHING STRATEGIES
FOR DECISION MAKING AND ACTION 000
CHAPTER TEN
A Curriculum for Empowerment, Action, and Change 000
TYPES OF KNOWLEDGE 000
School Knowledge 000
Knowledge and Empowerment 000
THE ATTEMPT TO REFORMULATE THE CANON 000
School Knowledge and the Dominant Canon 000
The Dominant Canon and the Popular Culture 000
A TRANSFORMATIVE CURRICULUM FOR EMPOWERMENT 000
Critical Thinking and Multiple Voices 000
CONTENTS xv
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A LESSON WITH DIFFERENT VOICES 000
Key Concepts and Issues 000
THE MORAL COMPONENT OF ACTION 000
TEACHING ABOUT THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 000
The Long Shadow of Little Rock 000
Decision Making and Citizen Action 000
The Decision-Making Process 000
THE ROLE OF THE TEACHER IN AN EMPOWERMENT
AND TRANSFORMATIVE CURRICULUM 000
REFERENCES 000
CHAPTER ELEVEN
Teaching Decision-Making and Social Action
Skills for Social Change 000
ELEMENTS OF REFLECTIVE DECISION MAKING 000
Some Subissues Related to the Major Problem 000
STAGES IN CONSIDERING THIS ISSUE 000
Gathering Scientific Data 000
Value Inquiry 000
Decision Making and Social Action 000
THE ORIGIN OF THE ISSUE 000
The Definition of Key Concepts 000
Hypotheses 000
Testing the Hypotheses 000
Some Tentative Conclusions 000
SUGGESTED METHOD FOR TEACHING ABOUT RACIAL, ETHNIC,
AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY AND PUBLIC POLICIES 000
Initiating the Unit 000
Social Science Inquiry 000
Spread of Opinion
Unfinished Sentences 000
Strongly Agree/Strongly Disagree 000
Values Grid 000
DECISION MAKING AND SOCIAL ACTION 000
Action Projects 000
THE TEACHER AS CULTURAL MEDIATOR AND CHANGE AGENT 000
A TYPOLOGY OF CROSS-CULTURAL TEACHERS 000
The Indigenous-Insider 000
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The Indigenous-Outsider 000
The External-Insider 000
The External-Outsider 000
The Effective Multicultural Teacher 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
PART V GENDER, LANGUAGE, INTERGROUP
RELATIONS, AND GUIDELINES 000
CHAPTER TWELVE
Gender and Educational Equity 000
GENDER EQUITY IN SCHOOLS 000
The Educational Status of Females 000
Concerns about Males 000
Implications of the Gender Debate for Schools 000
African American Male Students 000
THE ROLE OF MULTICULTURAL CONTENT IN THE CURRICULUM 000
Gender and Teaching Materials 000
In-Service Education and Materials 000
The Effects of Reading Materials 000
Vocational Choices and Expectations 000
The Effects of Television and Films 000
Curriculum Interventions and Gender-Role Attitudes 000
Trends in Recent Research 000
GENDER GAPS: WHERE SCHOOLS STILL FAIL OUR CHILDREN 000
Probing Intragender Differences 000
Acknowledging Individual Differences 000
Rethinking the Role of Schools 000
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES: DIFFERENCES AMONG GIRLS 000
The Growth of the Hispanic Population 000
Immigration and the Education of New American Girls 000
Regional Differences among Girls 000
School Reform 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
CONTENTS xvii
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CHAPTER THIRTEEN
Language, Culture, and Education 000
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LANGUAGE AND NATIONAL POLICY 000
Language Policy in the United States 000
English-Language Ethnocentrism 000
English-Only Laws 000
EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AND LANGUAGE EDUCATION 000
RESEARCH AND THEORY ON LANGUAGE AND DIALECT 000
Linking Culture, Ethnicity, and Language 000
Language Acquisition of Native Bilinguals 000
ASSESSMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS (ELLS) 000
RESEARCH BASES OF BILINGUAL INSTRUCTION 000
BENCHMARKS FOR LINKING LANGUAGE AND CULTURE IN EDUCATION 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
CHAPTER FOURTEEN
Reducing Prejudice in Students: Theory, Research, and
Strategies 000
THEORIES OF PREJUDICE 000
Personality Theories of Prejudice 000
Flaws in Personality Research 000
Social Structure Theories of Prejudice 000
Social Identity Theory: The Minimal Group Paradigm 000
The Causes of Prejudice 000
MICRO APPROACHES TO PREJUDICE REDUCTION 000
MACRO APPROACHES TO PREJUDICE REDUCTION 000
AN INTERDISCIPLINARY CONCEPTUAL CURRICULUM 000
THE ROLE OF THE TEACHER IN PREJUDICE REDUCTION 000
Changing Teachers? Attitudes and Behaviors 000
AMulticultural Philosophy 000
The Teacher and the Stages of Cultural Identity 000
Cross-Cultural Experiences: Problems and Promises 000
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HYPOTHESES REGARDING CROSS-CULTURAL BEHAVIOR 000
SUMMARY 000
REFERENCES 000
CHAPTER FIFTEEN
Curriculum Guidelines for Multicultural Education 000
THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL 000
CURRICULUM GUIDELINES 000
REFERENCES 000
Appendix Multicultural Education Program
Evaluation Checklist 000

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Minorities -- Education -- United States.
Multicultural education -- United States.