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Contents PREFACE CHAPTER ONE. Introduction to the neuropsychology of art Introduction Definitions and purpose of art Multiple neuro-components of art and brain damage in established artists Visual arts, perception, and neuropsychology Color, art, and neuropsychology Music and the brain Art, creativity, and the brain Beginnings of human art Beauty in art and brain evolution The arts and language Talent and sensory deficits as clues to the neuropsychology of art Summary Further readings CHAPTER TWO. Visual arts and effects of brain damage in established artists Introduction I. Art production following left hemisphere damage II. Art production following right hemisphere damage III. Slow brain diseases Parkinson's Diseases Dementia Corticobasal degeneration Alzheimer's Disease Progressive aphasia in fronto-temporal dementia Dementia with Lewy bodies Summary Further Readings CHAPTER THREE. Alterations in vision and color perception: The eye and brain in artist and viewer Introduction I. Localization of color processing: Effects of damage Color in the brain Achromatopsia and hemiachromatopsia: Hue discrimination impairment Acquired central dyschromatopsia The case of an art professor An artist with color agnosia II. Health status of the eyes in artists Color deficiency and color blindness Specialized neural cells in the retina Visual pathways and the two visual half fields Brightness in paintings Color and light in the art of film What compromises colors in the eye of artist and viewer Cataracts and consequences to clarity and colors Dopamine and colors III. Specific artists with compromised vision Camille Pissarro Claude Monet Paul Cezanne Edgar Degas Wassily Kandinsky Vincent van Gough's colors Francisco Goya's illness Summary Further Readings CHAPTER FOUR: Special visual artists: Effects of autism and slow brain atrophy on art production Introduction I. Unusual artists Savant visual artists Fronto-temporal dementia (FTD) II. Slow brain alterations Slow brain changes and effects on art: Serial lesion effects Functional reorganization Summary Further Readings CHAPTER FIVE: Art of music and brain damage: I. Composers Introduction I. Composers and slow brain disease The case of Maurice Ravel Localization and further discussion of Ravel The case of Hugo Wolf French composer M. M. II. Composers and localized damage due to stroke Vissarion G. Shebalin Jean Langlais Benjamin Britten American composer B. L. III. Composers and their neurological and sensory problems George Gershwin Cole Porter Glenn Gould IV. Effects of syphilis on brains of composers Robert Schumann Bedrich Smetana Franz Schubert Ludwig van Beethoven Summary Further Readings CHAPTER SIX: Art of music and brain damage. II. Performing artist and listening Introduction Art of music and language Amusia and the art of music Music localization in the brain Melodies and the role of musical training Unilateral brain damage in trained musicians The neuropsychology of singing Brain representation of musicians' hands Music brain activation in fMRI and PET studies Summary Further Readings CHAPTER SEVEN: Neuropsychology of artists and viewers: Neuro-components of perception and cognition in visual art Introduction Art, perceptual constancy and canonical views Hemispheric categorization and perspective views in pictures Unilateral damage and pictorial object recognition Disembedding in pictures and the left hemisphere Figure-ground visual search in art works Global-local, wholes, and details in art works Unconscious influences on perception of art works Right hemisphere specialization and representation of space Depth perception in pictures Convergent and linear perspective in the history of art Summary Further Readings CHAPTER EIGHT: Neuropsychological considerations of drawings and seeing pictures Introduction Handedness in artists Drawings and the parietal lobes Drawings in neurological patients Hemi-neglect and attention Pictorial scenes: simultanagnosia Scenes, eye movements, and the frontal eye fields Summary Further Readings CHAPTER NINE: Beauty, pleasure, and emotions: Reactions to art works Introduction I. Beauty and aesthetics Alterations in aesthetic preference following brain damage Brain activity and aesthetics Aesthetics, the oblique effects, and properties of the visual cortex Left-right perception and aesthetic preference in pictures Hemispheric aesthetic preference Beauty as an emergent property of art Biological nature of beauty in faces Painted portraiture Facial asymmetry and art Beauty in colors: The film II. Neuropsychology and emotional reactions to art Emotions of the creating artist Pleasure and the reward system Emotional reactions in the brain to films Hemispheric laterality of emotions Summary Further Readings CHAPTER TEN: Human brain evolution, early emergence of art, and biology Introduction I. Biology and display of art Roots of exhibiting talent and skills Pleasure of art and its roots in biology II. Visual arts Initial appearance of many artistic productions Art as an extension of clever survival strategies Fortuitous juxtaposition of early conditions Safety and comfortable time for visual art creations III. Origins of music in human brain evolution Music a communicative tool Mimicry of animal sounds, deception, and language Innate reactions to music IV Symbolic nature of art and language Language and art Written pictures Specific archaeological finds Summary Further Readings CHAPTER ELEVEN: Further considerations in the neuropsychology of art Introduction I. Talent and creativity Creativity in art Imagery Neuropsychology of creativity Language and creativity: Clues from frontotemporal dementia Left hemisphere creativity: Clues from autistic savants II. Complexities of visual art Lessons from brain damage in artists Art in human existence Summary Further Readings GLOSSARY FIGURE LEGENDS REFERENCES INDEX
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