Table of contents for Political science : an introduction / Michael G. Roskin ... [et al.].

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Contents
Preface 000 
Part I The Bases of Politics 
Chapter 1 
A Science of Politics? 000
The Master Science 000
History 000
Human Geography 000
Economics 000
Sociology 000
Anthropology 000
Psychology 000
Political Power 000
Biological 000
Psychological 000
Cultural 000
Rational 000
Irrational 000
Power as a Composite 000
Is Politics a Science? 000
The Struggle to See Clearly 000
What Good Is Political Science? 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 2 
Theories: Classic and Modern 000
Classic Theories 000
The Contractualists 000
Marxist Theories 000
Institutional Theories 000
Contemporary Theories 000
Behavioralism 000
Systems Theory 000
Modernization Theory 000
Rational-Choice Theory 000
New Institutionalism 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 3 
Nations, States, and Governments 000
The Elements of Nationhood 000
Territory 000
Population 000
Independence 000
Government 000
The Crises of Nation Building 000
Identity 000
Legitimacy 000
Penetration 000
Participation 000
Distribution 000
Government: What It Is and What It Does 000
Classifying Governments 000
The State as Agent of Modernization 000
Making Public Policy 000
Public Policies: Material and Symbolic 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 4 
Individuals and Constitutions 000
Constitutions in the Modern World 000
The Highest Law of the Land 000
The Purpose of a Constitution 000
The Adaptability of the U.S. Constitution 000
Can the Constitution Ensure Rights? 000
Freedom of Expression in the United States 000
Free Speech and Sedition 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 5 
Democracy, Totalitarianism, and Authoritarianism 000
Modern Democracy 000
Representative Democracy 000
Democracy in Practice: Elitism or Pluralism? 000
Totalitarianism 000
What Is Totalitarianism? 000
Authoritarianism 000
Authoritarianism and the Developing Nations 000
The Democratization of Authoritarian Regimes 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Part II Political Attitudes 
Chapter 6 
Political Ideologies 000
What Is Ideology? 000
The Major Ideologies 000
Classic Liberalism 000
Classic Conservatism 000
Modern Liberalism 000
Modern Conservatism 000
Marxist Socialism 000
Social Democracy 000
Communism 000
Nationalism 000
Fascism 000
Ideology in Our Day 000
The Collapse of Communism 000
Neoconservatism 000
Libertarianism 000
Feminism 000
Environmentalism 000
Is Ideology Finished? 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 7 
Political Culture 000
What Is Political Culture? 000
Political Culture and Public Opinion 000
Participation in America 000
The Decay of Political Culture 000
Elite and Mass Cultures 000
Political Subcultures 000
Political Socialization 000
The Agents of Socialization 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 8 
Public Opinion 000
The Shape of Public Opinion 000
Social Class 000
Education 000
Region 000
Religion 000
Age 000
Gender 000
Ethnic Group 000
Public-Opinion Polls 000
Polling Techniques 000
How Reliable Are the Polls? 000
American Opinion 000
Presidential Ratings 000
Liberals and Conservatives 000
Who Pays Attention? 000
Is Polling Fair? 000
Should America Be Governed by Polls? 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Part III Political Interactions 
Chapter 9 
Political Communication and the Media 000
Communication in Politics 000
Modern Mass Media 000
The Giant: Television 000
Television News 000
Television and Politics 000
Television: Ownership and Control 000
Are We Poorly Served? 000
What Can Be Done? 000
The Adversaries: Media and Government 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 10 
Interest Groups 000
What Is an Interest Group? 000
Who Belongs to Interest Groups? 000
Interest Groups and Government 000
Bureaucrats as an Interest Group 000
Effective Interest Groups 000
Political Culture 000
The Rise of Big Money 000
The Rise of Single-Issue Groups 000
Size and Membership 000
Access 000
Strategies of Interest Groups 000
Approaching the Administration 000
Approaching the Judiciary 000
Appeals to the Public 000
Interest Groups: An Evaluation 000
Stalemating Political Power 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 11 
Political Parties and Party Systems 000
Functions of Parties 000
A Bridge between People and Government 000
Aggregation of Interests 000
Integration into the Political System 000
Political Socialization 000
Mobilization of Voters 000
Organization of Government 000
Parties in Democracies 000
Centralization 000
Setting Government Policy 000
Party Participation in Government 000
Financing the Party 000
Classifying Political Parties 000
The Party in Communist States 000
Party Systems 000
Classifying Party Systems 000
The Party System and the Electoral System 000
Are Parties Fading? 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 12 
Elections 000
Electoral Systems 000
Why Do People Vote? 000
Who Votes? 000
Income and Education 000
Race 000
Age 000
Gender 000
Place of Residence 000
How Do People Vote? 000
Who Votes How? 000
Class Voting 000
Regional Voting 000
Religious Blocs 000
Age Groups 000
Gender Gap 000
Marriage Gap 000
Racial Minorities 000
Urban Voting 000
Electoral Realignment 000
A Reagan Realignment? 000
What Wins Elections? 000
Retrospective Voting 000
Candidate Strategies and Voter Groups 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Part IV The Institutions of Politics 
Chapter 13 
The Basic Institutions of Government 000
The Form of State 000
Electoral Systems 000
Single Member Districts 000
Proportional Representation 000
Unitary or Federal Systems 000
Unitary Systems 000
Federal Systems 000
The United States: Balkanization of Government 000
The Unitary-Federal Mixture 000
Choosing Institutions 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 14 
Legislatures 000
Presidential and Parliamentary Systems 000
Separation and Fusion of Powers 000
Advantages of Parliamentary Systems 000
What Legislatures Do 000
The Committee System 000
A Closer Look at Legislatures 000
The Decline of Legislatures 000
Structural Disadvantages 000
Lack of Expertise 000
Psychological Disadvantages 000
The Absentee Problem 000
Lack of Turnover 000
The Dilemma of Parliaments 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 15 
Executives 000
Presidents and Prime Ministers 000
"Forming a Government" in Britain 000
"Constructive No Confidence" in Germany 000
"Cohabitation" in France 000
The "Presidentialization" of Prime Ministers 000
Executive Terms 000
The Roles of the Executive 000
Head of State 00
Chief of Government 000
Party Chief 000
Commander in Chief 000
Chief Diplomat 000
Dispenser of Appointments 000
Chief Legislator 000
Executive Leadership 000
Disabled Presidents 000
Cabinets 000
Who Serves in a Cabinet? 000
The Rise of Noncabinet Advisers 000
The Danger of Expecting Too Much 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 16 
Administration and Bureaucracy 000
The U.S. Federal Bureaucracy 000
The Cabinet Departments 000
Federal Agencies 000
Independent Regulatory Agencies 000
Bureaucracies in Other Nations 000
Communist Countries 000
France 000
Germany 000
Great Britain 000
Characteristics of Bureaucracies 000
Bureaucracy in Modern Governments 000
Administration 000
Services 000
Regulation 000
Licensing 000
Information Gathering 000
The Trouble with Bureaucracy 000
Administrator or Policymaker? 000
Adjudication 000
Discretionary Implementation 000
Rule Making 000
Advisory Roles 000
What to Do with Bureaucracy? 000
Ombudsmen 000
Legislative Checks 000
Cutting 000
Decentralization 000
Politicize the Bureaucracy 000
Bureaucracy and Society 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 17 
Legal Systems and the Courts 000
Types of Law 000
Criminal Law 000
Civil Law 000
Constitutional Law 000
Administrative Law 000
International Law 000
The Courts, the Bench, and the Bar 000
The U.S. Court System 000
Judges 000
Comparing Courts 000
The British Court System 000
The European Court System 000
The Role of the Courts 000
The U.S. Supreme Court 000
The Supreme Court's Political Role 000
The Views of Judges 000
The Political Impact of the Court 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Part V What Political Systems Do 
Chapter 18 
Political Economy 000
Government and the Economy 000
Inflation 000
Tax Hike 000
Balance of Payments 000
Gold Standard 000
Wage-Price Freeze 000
Oil Shocks 000
Stagflation 000
Interest Rates 000
Tax Cut 000
Budget Deficits 000
Trade Deficits 000
Budget Balancing 000
Who Is Entitled to What? 000
The Costs of Welfare 000
How Big Should Government Be? 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 19 
Violence and Revolution 000
System Breakdown 000
Violence as a Symptom 000
Types of Violence 000
Change as a Cause of Violence 000
Revolutions 000
Intellectuals and Revolution 000
The Stages of Revolution 000
After the Revolution 000
The Waning of Revolution 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 20 
International Relations 000
Power and National Interest 000
The Role of Elites 000
Keeping Peace 000
World Government 000
Collective Security 000
Functionalism 000
Third-Party Assistance 000
Diplomacy 000
Peacekeeping 000
The Cold War 000
The Truman Doctrine 000
The Marshall Plan 000
Containment 000
Deterrence 000
Beyond Sovereignty? 000
The United Nations 000
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Chapter 21 
The Global System 000
Historical Systems 000
The Nineteenth-Century Balance of Power System 000
The Interwar System 000
The Bipolar Cold War System 000
What System Is Emerging? 000
A Unipolar Model 000
A Counterweight Model 000
A Multipolar Model 000
A Stratified Model 000
A Zones-of-Chaos Model 000
A Globalized Model 000
A Resource-Wars Model 000
A "Clash-of-Civilizations" Model 000
A Proliferation Model 000
Foreign Policy: Involved or Isolated? 000
Cycles of U.S. Foreign Policy 000
The United States in a Dangerous World 000
Key Terms 000
Key Websites 000
Further Reference 000 
Index 000 
Feature Boxes
Chapter 1 
Key Concepts "Never Get Angry at a Fact" 000
Key Concepts Legitimacy, Sovereignty, and Authority 000
How To . . . Study a Chapter 000
Key Concepts Politics versus Political Science 000 
Chapter 2 
Classic Works Not Just Europeans 000
How To . . . Thesis Statements 000
Key Concepts Models: Simplifying Reality 000
Key Concepts Politics as a Game 000 
Chapter 3 
Key Concepts The Notion of Nation 000
Key Concepts War and Nation Building 000
Classic Works Aristotle's Six Types of Government 000
How To . . . Support Your Thesis 000
Key Concepts Dahl's "Influence Terms" 000 
Chapter 4 
Case Studies The Dangers of Changing Constitutions 000
Case Studies Canada's New Constitution 00
Case Studies The Right to Bear Arms 000
Key Concepts What Is a Right? 000
Case Studies The Internment of Japanese-Americans 000
How To . . . Sources 000
Case Studies The Pentagon Papers 000 
Chapter 5 
Key Concepts The "Two-Turnover Test" 000
How To . . . References 000
Case Studies Image and Reality of Total Control 000
Key Concepts Why Democracies Fail 000
Case Studies Democracy in Iraq? 000 
Chapter 6 
Classic Works The Origins of Ideologies 000
Key Concepts Classifying Ideologies 000
Case Studies Why Did Capitalism Not Collapse? 000
How To . . . Tight Writing 000
Key Concepts Islamism: A New Ideology 000 
Chapter 7 
Key Concepts Civil Society 000
Classic Works The Civic Culture 000
Case Studies America the Religious
How To . . . Quotations 000
Case Studies Quebec: "Ma"tres Chez Nous" 00
Key Concepts Culture and Development 000
Classic Works The Authoritarian Personality 000 
Chapter 8 
Key Concepts What Public Opinion Is and Isn't 000
Key Concepts Classic Opinion Curves 000
Case Studies A Short History of Polling 000
How To . . . Variables 000
Classic Works Almond's Three Publics 000 
Chapter 9 
Classic Works The Two-Step Flow of Mass Communications 000
Key Concepts The Tendency to Media Monopoly 000
Key Concepts The Elite Media 000
Key Concepts The Web: Newest Mass Medium? 000
How To . . . Definitions 000
Key Concepts The Television Wasteland 000
Case Studies The Media and the Iraq War 000
Case Studies The Media and Watergate 000 
Chapter 10 
Key Concepts How Interest Groups Differ from Political Parties 000
Case Studies NDEA: How Government Created an Interest Group 000
Key Concepts Countervailing Power 000
Case Studies French Antipluralism 000
Case Studies The Enron Scandal 000
Case Studies The Rise of Political Action Committees 000
Case Studies How Powerful Are U.S. Unions? 000
How To . . . Tables 000
Case Studies How the NAACP Used the Courts 000
Classic Works Olson's Theory of Interest Groups 000 
Chapter 11 
Case Studies FDR's Coalition Party 000
How To . . . Cross-Tabulation 000
Key Concepts Parties That Ignore Voters 000
Classic Works Duverger's Three Types of Parties 000
Classic Works Kirchheimer's "Catchall" Party 000
Key Concepts What Is a "Relevant" Party? 000
Case Studies Multiparty Systems Are More Fun 000
Classic Works Sartori's Types of Party Competition 000 
Chapter 12 
Case Studies Is the U.S. Electoral System Defective? 000
Classic Works Down's Theory of Voting 000
Case Studies The Puzzle of Education and Voting 000
How To . . . Tendency Statements 000
Key Concept Partisan Polarization 000
Key Concept The 9/11 Election 000
Key Concepts Changing Positions 000 
Chapter 13 
Key Concepts Legitimacy and Monarchy 000
Case Studies French and German Variations 000
Case Studies The Shaky Lives of Confederations 000
How To . . . Percentages 000
Key Concepts Nationality and Citizenship 000
Key Concepts Burden Shifting 000 
Chapter 14 
Key Concepts Head of State versus Head of Government 000
Classic Works Where Did the U.S. System Originate? 000
Key Concepts Bicameral or Unicameral? 000
Key Concepts Pork-Barrel Politics 000
How To . . . Longitudinal Study 000
Case Studies Congressional Overspending 000 
Chapter 15 
Case Studies Israel's Directly Elected Prime Ministers 000
Case Studies Authoritarianism Returns to Russia 000
Case Studies Limiting the President's War Powers 000
Key Concepts An Imperial Presidency? 000
Classic Works Barber's Presidential Character 000
How To . . . Graphs 000
Classic Works Lasswell's Psychology of Power 000 
Chapter 16 
Case Studies Japan: Bureaucrats in Command 000
Classic Works Weber's Characteristics of Bureaucracies 000
How To . . . Scattergram 000
Key Concepts Bureaucratic Politics 000
Classic Works Djilas's "New Class" 000
Case Studies Bureaucrats and Smoking 000 
Chapter 17 
Classic Works The Roots of Law 000
Key Concepts Common versus Code Law 000
Case Studies Law in Russia 000
Case Studies Marbury v. Madison 000
How To . . . Fourfold Table 000 
Chapter 18 
Case Studies Postwar U.S. Recessions 000
How To . . . Maps 000
Case Studies How High Are U.S. Taxes? 000
Case Studies Up and Down Phases of the U.S. Boom 000
Case Studies The Growth of Inequality 000
Key Concepts What Is Poverty? 000
Key Concepts Poverty and Ideology 000 
Chapter 19 
Key Concepts Terrorism 000
How To . . . Thinkpiece 000
Key Concepts Rising Expectations 000
Case Studies Revolutionary Political Warfare in Vietnam 000
Case Studies The Iranian Revolutionary Cycle 000
Case Studies Anti-Communist Revolutions 374 
Chapter 20 
Key Concepts Types of National Interest 000
Key Concepts Why War? 000
How To . . . "They" 000
Key Concepts The Democratic Peace 000
Key Concepts The Soviet Union and "Overstretch" 000 
Chapter 21 
Key Concepts International Systems and Models 000
How To . . . Theories 000
Key Concepts The Importance of Economics 000
Case Studies Interventions without Risk? 000
Classic Works Klingberg's Alternation Theory 000
Classic Works Kennan's Dinosaur Analogy 000
Classic Works Thucydides on War 000

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Political science.