Table of contents for Applied social psychology : understanding and addressing social and practical problems / Frank W. Schneider, Jamie A. Gruman, Larry M. Coutts.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Preface
1	Defining The Field of Applied Social Psychology
Frank W. Schneider, Jamie Gruman, and Larry M. Coutts
Social Psychology
Defining Social Psychology
Social Psychology as a Science
Applied Social Psychology
Applied Social Psychology as a Science
The Role of Personal Values
Historical Context of Applied Social Psychology
A Problem Focus
Social Influences on Behavior: The Power of the Situation
Levels of Analysis
Applied Social Psychology Requires a Broad Approach
Various Roles of Applied Social Psychologists
Overview of Book
Summary
2	Social Psychological Theory
Shelagh M. J. Towson
The Scientific Process
Theory in Social Psychology
Functions of Social Psychological Theories
Characteristics of Social Psychological Theories
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Description
Organization
Direction
Intervention
Summing up Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Groupthink
Description
Organization
Direction
Intervention
Summing up Groupthink Theory
Summary
3	Applied Social Research: What It Is and How to Do It
Kenneth M. Cramer and Louise R. Alexitch
Methods of Data Collection
Self-Report Measures: The Special Case of Surveys
Observational Methods
Qualitative Methods
Research Designs
True Experiments
QuasiExperiments
Correlational Studies
Descriptive Studies
Research Settings
Research Ethics
Epilogue
Summary
4	Intervention and Evaluation
Adam Lodzinski, Michiko S. Motomura, and Frank W. Schneider
Design of Interventions
Nature of Interventions
Key Tasks in Intervention Design and Delivery
Evaluation of Interventions
Reasons for Evaluating Interventions
Interventions Do Fail
Types of Evaluation
Importance of Research Design in Evaluating Interventions
An Intervention Example: Reducing Alcohol Problems on Campus
Problem Identification
Development of a Solution: Forming the Intervention Hypothesis
Goal Setting and Designing the Intervention
Implementing the Intervention
Evaluating the Intervention
Application of Social Norm Theory to Different Levels of Analysis
Examples of Other Interventions
Influencing Social Policy
Intervention Issues
Process Issues
Ethical Issues
Summary
5	Applying Social Psychology in Everyday Life
Randolph A. Smith and Ann L. Weber
Personal Relationships
The Need to be Close
Attraction
Proximity and familiarity
Physical Attractiveness
Attachment
Attachment Styles
The Selection Process
Conclusion: The science of closeness
The Classroom as a Social Psychology Lab
Cognitive Errors
Fundamental Attribution Error
Belief Perseverance
Social Categorization
Self Perceptions
SelfHandicapping
SelfServing Bias
Overjustification Effect
Conclusion: Social psychology in the classroom
Summary
Epilogue
6	Social Psychology Applied to Clinical-Counseling Psychology 
Kenneth E. Hart and David M. Ledgerwood
The Social-Dysgenic Subdomain
The Social Psychological Roots of Anxiety 
A Social Psychological Model of Depression 
The Social-Therapeutic Subdomain
Self-Presentational Approach to Treating Social Anxiety
Hopelessness Theory Approach to Treating Depression
The Social-Diagnostic Subdomain
Biases in Clinical Decision Making
Final Thoughts
Summary
7	Applying Social Psychology to Sports Teams
Philip Sullivan and Deborah L. Feltz
Team Dynamics
Team Cohesion
Team Confidence
Effective Communication
Team Goal Setting
Team Building 
Family-Psychology Intervention
Communication-Training Intervention
Performance-Profiling Intervention
Summary
8	Applying Social Psychology to the Media
David R. Roskos-Ewoldsen and Beverly Roskos-Ewoldsen
How Does Media Violence Affect Us?
What are the Consequences of Viewing Media Violence?
Imitation of Violence
Media Violence and Aggressive Thoughts
Media Violence and Fear
What Happens When We Watch Pornography?
Effects of Long-term Exposure to Nonviolent Pornography
Effects of Exposure to Sexual Violence
Reducing the Harmful Effects of Exposure to Violent Sexuality
Political News Coverage
Do the Media Control Our Thoughts?
Effects of Negative Media Coverage of the Government
Summary
9	Applying Social Psychology to Your Health
Kathryn D. Lafreniere and Kenneth M. Cramer
Health Psychology Defined
The biopsychosocial model
Social variables and health
Promoting Health and Preventing Illness
Persuasion and social influence in media health coverage
Family, peer, and school influences
Changing Health Behavior
Health belief model
Theory of planned behavior
Transtheoretical model
Stress, Coping, and Social Support
Stress and coping
Social support
Summary
10	Applying Social Psychology to Education
Louise Alexitch
Intrapersonal Processes: Increasing Success, Reducing Failure
What Factors Affect Student Performance?
How Can Student Performance Be Improved?
Interpersonal Processes: Teachers and Students Interacting
Teacher Expectations and Student Achievement
Students Interacting with Other Students
When Interactions Turn Deadly: School Violence
Summary
11	Social Psychology Applied to Organizations
Larry M. Coutts and Jamie Gruman
The Individual in an Organizational Context
Making Sense of Others in the Work Environment
Job Satisfaction: Antecedents and Consequences
Interpersonal Processes in Organizations
Communication
Group Decision Making
Summary
12	Applying Social Psychology to the Criminal Justice System
David M. Day
The Crime and the Criminal
The Social Psychology of a Crime
Explaining Criminal Behavior
The Response of the Criminal Justice System
The Police Investigation
The Investigative Interview
Witness Identification of Suspects
The Courtroom
Jury Size 
Juror Impartiality
Inadmissible Evidence
The Prison Setting 
Goals of Prison
Social Climate of Prisons
Prison Approaches to Rehabilitation
Summary
13	Applying Social Psychology to the Community
Stewart Page and Kathryn Lafreniere
What Is Community Psychology?
The Origins of Community Psychology
How Is Social Psychology Relevant to Community Psychology?
Community Psychology Approaches and Goals 
Perspectives on Community-Based Research: Unobtrusive Methods
Environmental Influence: Classic Studies Relevant to Community Psychology
Behavior as Autonomous Versus Social Conformist
Prejudice as Conformity to Social Rules and Community Norms
Bystander Effects 
Life in the City
Stigmatization and Related Issues in the Community
Self-fulfilling Effects in a Community Context
Self-fulfilling Effects in the Classroom
Studies of Stigmatization
The Media and Stigmatization
Some Issues Related to Social Change and Prevention
Social Action
A General Perspective on Community Prevention
Different Perspectives on Prevention
The Internet as a Community and Source of Help 
Reflections on Community Violence and Future Research
Summary
14	Applying Social Psychology to the Environment
Robert Gifford
Resource Dilemmas
A Family of Dilemmas
What is a Resource Dilemma?
Studying Resource Dilemmas
Social Design
Growing Collaboration
When and How Social Design Helps
Six Goals of Social Design
Outdoor Spaces
Defensible Space
Convenience Stores and Banks
Residences
Communities
Epilogue
Summary
15	Applying Social Psychology to Diversity
Catherine T. Kwantes, Sherry Bergeron, and Ritu Kaushal
Cultural Diversity
Hofstede?s Cultural Dimensions 
Schwartz?s Value Framework 
Demographics: Personal Diversity
Gender
Ethnic Background
Social Class
Diversity: Opportunities
Creativity and Innovation
Problem Solving
Diversity: Challenges
Prejudice and Discrimination
Conflict
Conflict Management and Resolution
Summary
16	You Can Change the World: Action, Participatory, and Activist Research
Charlene Y. Senn
Definitions of Different Types of Social Change Research
Action Research
Participatory Research
Activism in Research
Differences and Similarities Between Action and Participatory Research
Differences Between Traditional Psychological Research and Social Change Research
Moving Away from Strict Definitions: Research That Influences Society
Influencing Policy Directly
Influencing Society by Changing Structural or Social Barriers
Difficulties and Limitations of Research for Social Change	
Summary
Endnotes
References
Name Index
Author Index
About the Editors
About the Contributors

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Social psychology.