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Table of Contents Acknowledgements i Note on the texts used ii-viii Introduction: A Critical Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment? 1 Chapter 1: The Enlightenment in Question 1. Enlightenment as an 'Age of Criticism' 19 2. Diderot, Rousseau, and the tasks of criticism 23 3. Diderot's normative impasse 30 4. Rousseau's conception of freedom and its problems 46 5. Mendelssohn, Reinhold, and the limits of enlightenment 62 Chapter 2: The Idea of a Culture of Enlightenment 1. Kant's answer to the question 'What is Enlightenment?' 82 2. A new approach to independent thinking 88 3. The culture of enlightenment: public argument as social practice 103 4. Communication, autonomy and the maxims of common understanding 117 5. Reason's good name and reason's public 130 6. Power and authority: Hamann on the immature and their guardians 140 Chapter 3: Culture as a Historical Project 1. Kant's attempt at a philosophical history 150 2. The 'plan of nature': history from a political perspective 157 3. Teleological judgements of nature and of culture 170 4. Culture and moral progress: two perspectives on rational ends 180 5. The a priori thread of history, providence, and the possibility of hope 195 Chapter 4: Nature and the Criticism of Culture 1. Schiller on the predicament of the 'moderns' 201 2. The failures of Enlightenment 206 3. Nature condemned: the severity of Kantian morality 215 4. Schiller's 'aesthetic state' and its criticism 226 5. Nature, reason, and the beginning of culture 235 Chapter 5: Culture After Enlightenment 1. Enlightenment and its discontents 241 2. Adorno and Horkheimer on enlightened thought 244 3. Foucault on the origin of norms 256 4. Gilligan on mature adulthood 268 5. Culture within the bounds of reason 278 Notes 284 Bibliography 352 Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Kant, Immanuel, 1724-1804.
Philosophy, Modern -- 18th century.