Table of contents for Environmental hazards : assessing risk and reducing disaster / Keith Smith.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication information provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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CONTENTS
List of plates
List of colour plates
List of figures
List of tables
Preface
Acknowlegements
	
	PART ONE - THE NATURE OF HAZARD 
1.0 HAZARD IN THE ENVIRONMENT
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Changing perspectives
1.3 What are environmental hazards?
1.4 Hazard, risk and disaster
1.5	 Human vulnerability to disaster
Key reading
Box 1.1 Paradigms of hazard
Box 1.2 The rich and the poor
 
2.0 DIMENSIONS OF DISASTER
2.1 Auditing disaster
2.2 Disaster patterns
2.3	 Disaster trends
Key reading
Box 2.1 Types of disaster impact
Box 2.2 Other disaster databases
3.0 RISK ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT
3.1 The nature of risk
3.2 Risk assessment
3.3 Extreme event analysis
3.4 Risk perception and communication
3.5	 Risk management
Key reading
Box 3.1 Quantitative risk assessment
Box 3.2 Information technology and disaster management
4.0 REDUCING THE IMPACTS OF DISASTER 
4.1 The range of options 
4.2	 Mitigation - disaster aid 
4.3 Mitigation - insurance
4.4	 Protection - hazard resistance
4.5	 Adaptation - preparedness
4.6	 Adaptation - predictions, forecasts and warnings
4.7	 Adaptation - land use planning
Key reading
Box 4.1 Advantages and disadvantages of commercial insurance
Box 4.2 Avalanche deflecting dams in Iceland
Box 4.3 Earthquake hazard zoning in California
	
	PART TWO - THE EXPERIENCE AND REDUCTION OF HAZARD 
5.0 TECTONIC HAZARDS - EARTHQUAKES
5.1 Earthquake hazards
5.2 The nature of earthquakes 
5.3 Primary earthquake hazards 
5.4 Secondary earthquake hazards
5.5 Mitigation
5.6 Protection
5.7	Adaptation 
Key reading
Box 5.1 The Mercalli earthquake intensity scale
Box 5.2 Ground shaking in earthquakes
Box 5.3 Earthquake safety and buildings
6.0 TECTONIC HAZARDS - VOLCANOES
6.1	 Volcanic hazards
6.2	 The nature of volcanoes
6.3 Primary volcanic hazards
6.4 Secondary volcanic hazards
6.5 Mitigation
6.6 Protection
6.7	Adaptation
Key reading
Box 6.1 Crater-lake lahars in the wet tropics
Box 6.2 Some precursors of volcanic eruption
7.0 MASS MOVEMENT HAZARDS
7.1 Landslide and avalanche hazards
7.2	 Landslides
7.3	 Causes of landslides
7.4 Snow avalanches
7.5 Mitigation
7.6 Protection
7.7	Adaptation
Key reading
Box 7.1 How snow avalanches start
8.0 SEVERE STORM HAZARDS
8.1 Atmospheric hazards
8.2 Tropical cyclone hazards
8.3 Nature of tropical cyclones
8.4 Severe summer storms
8.5 Severe winter storms
8.6 Mitigation 
8.7 Protection
8.8	 Adaptation
Key reading
Box 8.1 How tropical cyclones form and develop
Box 8.2 The dream of severe storm suppression
Box 8.3 Improving hurricane evacuation in the United States
9.0 BIOPHYSICAL HAZARDS 
9.1 Thermal extremes, disease epidemics and wildfires
9.2 Extreme temperature hazards
9.3 The nature of disease epidemics
9.4	 Some important infectious diseases
9.5	 Disease hazard reduction
9.6	 Wildfire hazards
9.7	 The nature of wildfires
9.8	 Wildfire hazard reduction
Key reading
Box 9.1 Diseases and disasters 
Box 9.2 The emerging flaviviruses
10.0 HYDROLOGICAL HAZARDS - FLOODS
10.1 Flood hazards
10.2	Flood-prone environments
10.3 The nature of floods
10.4 Mitigation
10.5 Protection
10.6	Adaptation
Key reading
Box 10.1 Flood management on the Yangtze river, China
Box 10.2 Flood-intensifying conditions
Box 10.3 The levee effect
Box 10.4 The National Flood Insurance Program in the USA
11.0 HYDROLOGICAL HAZARDS - DROUGHTS
11.1 Drought hazards
11.2 Types of drought 
11.3 Causes of drought
11.4 Mitigation
11.5 Protection
11.6	Adaptation
Key reading
Box 11.1 The relationship between famine and drought
Box 11.2 Drought in the African Sahel
12.0 TECHNOLOGICAL HAZARDS
12.1 Nature and definition 
12.2 Theory and practice 
12.3 Perception - the transport and nuclear industries 
12.4 Mitigation
12.5 Protection
12.6	Adaptation
Key reading
Box 12.1 The safety of dams
Box 12.2 The disaster at Bhopal, India
Box 12.3 The growth of industrial hazards
Box 12.4 The disaster at Chernobyl, Belarus
13.0	CONTEXT HAZARDS 
13.1 Introduction
13.2	Chronic hazards
13.3	Rare hazards
Key reading
Box 13.1 Climate change, climate variability and global warming
14.0 POSTSCRIPT
14.1 Challenges and opportunities
Appendix Some useful Web pages




Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Natural disasters, Disasters, Environmental risk assessment