Table of contents for Human societies : an introduction to macrosociology / Patrick Nolan, Gerhard Lenski.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication information provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
Contents in Brief
Preface 00
Part One Theoretical Foundations
Chapter 1 
The Human Situation 3
Chapter 2
Human Societies as Sociocultural Systems 00
Chapter 3
The Evolution of Human Societies 00
Chapter 4
Types of Human Societies 00
Part Two Preindustrial Societies
Chapter 5
Hunting and Gathering Societies 00
Chapter 6
Horticultural Societies 000
Chapter 7
Agrarian Societies 000
Chapter 8
Some Evolutionary Bypaths and a Brief Review 000
	Part Three Industrial Societies and Industrializing Societies
Chapter 9
The Industrial Revolution 000
Chapter 10
Industrial Societies: Technologies and Economies 000
Chapter 11
Industrial Societies: Ideologies and Polities 000
Chapter 12
Industrial Societies: Social Stratification 000
Chapter 13
Industrial Societies: Population, the Family, and Leisure 000
Chapter 14
Industrializing Societies 000
Chapter 15
Major Social Experiments of the Twentieth Century: Testing the Limits of the Possible 000
Chapter 16
Retrospect and Prospect 000
Glossary 000
web pages of interest 000
Appendix 000
Notes 000
Photo Credits 000
Indexes 000
Contents
Preface 00
Part One Theoretical Foundations
Chapter 1 The Human Situation 3
Human Societies: Their Place in Nature 
Societies as Adaptive Mechanisms / A Definition of Human Societies
Understanding Human Societies: Basic Assumptions 
Human Societies and the Environment / Human Societies: Their Genetic Heritage / Culture: A New Mode of Adaptation and a New Kind of Heritage
Human Societies: The Basic Model 
Excursus: A Brief History of Sociology 
Chapter 2 Human Societies as Sociocultural Systems 00
Human Societies as Systems 
The Five Basic Components of Human Societies 
Population / Culture / Material Products / Social Organization / Social Institutions and Institutional Systems
The World System of Societies 
Chapter 3 The Evolution of Human Societies 00
Forces Promoting Social and Cultural Continuity 
Forces Promoting Social and Cultural Change 
Forms of Innovation / Causes of Innovation / Variations in the Rate of Innovation
Forces of Selection 
Intrasocietal Selection / Intersocietal Selection
Societal Growth and Development 
Subsistence Technology's Role in Sociocultural Evolution / Ideology's Role in Sociocultural Evolution
A Model of the Evolution of the World System of Societies
Excursus: A Comparison of Biological and Sociocultural Evolution 
Chapter 4 Types of Human Societies 00
Classifying Human Societies 
Societal Types through History 
Historical Eras
Differences among Types of Societies 
Size of Societies / Permanence of Settlements / Societal Complexity / Ideology
Societal Types: What They Are and What They Are Not 
Technological Determinism Rejected
Part Two Preindustrial Societies
Chapter 5 Hunting and Gathering Societies 00
Hunting and Gathering Societies 100,000 b.c. to 8,000 b.c. 
Hunting and Gathering Societies of the Recent Past 
Population / Kinship / The Economy / The Polity / Stratification / Religion / Education / The Arts and Leisure / Tribal Ties: Links between Societies
Hunting and Gathering Societies in Theoretical Perspective 
Archaeological and Ethnographic Evidence Compared / A Model of Limited Development / The Last Hunting and Gathering Societies
Excursus: Human Origins 
Chapter 6 Horticultural Societies 000
Causes of the Shift from Hunting and Gathering to Horticulture 
The Technology of Horticulture 
Simple Horticultural Societies in Prehistoric Asia and Europe 
The First Great Social Revolution
Simple Horticultural Societies in the Modern Era 
Population and Economy / The Continuing Importance of Kinship / Developments in Polity, Stratification, and Warfare
Advanced Horticultural Societies in Prehistoric Asia and Europe 
The Shift from Stone to Metals / Social Consequences of Metal Tools and Weapons
Advanced Horticultural Societies in the Modern Era 
Increased Size and Complexity / Political Development / Horticultural Societies in Southeast Asia
Horticultural Societies in Theoretical Perspective
Excursus: Race, Environment, and Societal Development 
Chapter 7 Agrarian Societies 000
Simple Agrarian Societies 
Technology / Religion and the Growth of the Economic Surplus / Population: Growth in Size of Communities and Societies / The Polity: Growth of the State / The Economy: The First Monetary Systems and the Growth of Trade / Stratification: Increasing Inequality / Slowdown in the Rate of Technological Innovation
Advanced Agrarian Societies 
Technology / Population: Continuing Trends / The Economy: Increasing Differentiation / The Polity: Continuing Development of the State / Religion: The Emergence of Universal Faiths / Kinship: Changing Significance in Society / Leisure and the Arts / Stratification: Increasing Complexity
Variations on Agrarian Themes 
Agrarian Societies in Theoretical Perspective 
Chapter 8 Some Evolutionary Bypaths and a Brief Review 000
Environmentally Specialized Societal Types 
Fishing Societies / Herding Societies / Maritime Societies
A Brief Review: Sociocultural Evolution to the Eve of the Industrial Revolution
Part Three Industrial Societies and Industrializing Societies
Chapter 9 The Industrial Revolution 000
Causes of the Industrial Revolution 
The Accumulation of Information in the Agrarian Era / Advances in Water Transportation and the Conquest of the New World / The Printing Press and the Spread of Information / Advances in Agriculture / A Model of the Causes of the Industrial Revolution
A Brief History of the Industrial Revolution 
First Phase / Second Phase / Third Phase / Fourth Phase / New Energy, New Machines, New Materials: The Key Innovations
Causes of the Continuing Industrial Revolution 
Greater Informational Resources and a Larger Population / Changing Attitudes toward Innovation / The Rise of Modern Science / The Threat of War / Environmental Feedback / The Desire for Ever Higher Standards of Living
Varying Levels of Industrialization in the World System of Societies
Consequences of the Industrial Revolution 
Initial Consequences / Long-Run Consequences: An Overview
Chapter 10 Industrial Societies: Technologies and Economies 000
The Technological Foundation of Industrial Societies 
The Economies of Industrial Societies 
The Urbanization of Production / Rise in Productivity and in the Standard of Living / The Shift from Labor-Intensive to Capital-Intensive Industries / Changes in the Labor Force / The Rise of Market Economies / Moves toward Mixed Economies / Evolution of the Modern Corporation
Increasing Economic Integration of the World System 
Chapter 11 Industrial Societies: Ideologies and Polities 000
Ideologies in Industrial Societies 
Theistic Religions / New Secular Ideologies
Differences among Industrial Societies 
The Polities of Industrial Societies 
The Democratic Trend / Democracy as a Variable / Causes of the Democratic Trend / Mass Political Parties / Special Interest Groups / The Mass Media / Political Conflict and Stability / The Growth of Government / Governmental Bureaucracies: Their Expansion and Transformation
Chapter 12 Industrial Societies: Social Stratification 000
Stratification in Industrial Societies 
Political Stratification / The Distribution of Income / The Distribution of Wealth / Occupational Stratification / Educational Stratification / Racial and Ethnic Stratification / Age and Sex Stratification
Vertical Mobility 
Social Inequality: Two Basic Trends 
Chapter 13 Industrial Societies: Population, the Family, and Leisure 000
Population 
Growth in Size of Societies / Trends in Health and Longevity / Declining Birthrates and Increasing Immigration / Population Distribution: The Growth of Urban Populations
The Family 
Changing Functions of the Family / Causes of Change in the Family / The Nuclear Family in Industrial Societies / The Changing Role of Women / The Changing Role of Youth
Leisure and the Arts 
Problems and Progress 
Industrial Societies in Theoretical Perspective 
Chapter 14 Industrializing Societies 000
Types of Industrializing Societies 
Industrializing Agrarian Societies / Industrializing Horticultural Societies
Technology and Productivity
Population Growth and Its Consequences 
Economies 
Polities 
Social Stratification 
Cleavages and Conflicts 
Education 
Ideologies Old and New 
Kinship 
The Status of Women 
Industrializing Societies in Theoretical Perspective 
Chapter 15 Major Social Experiments of the Twentieth Century: Testing the Limits of the Possible 000
Some Successful Experiments 
A Tragically Flawed Experiment 
Some Successes and Partial Successes / The Failures / Summing Up
Lessons to Be Learned 
Excursus: Is Free Market Capitalism the Cure?
Chapter 16 Retrospect and Prospect 000
Looking Back 
The Divergent Path / The Question of Progress
Looking Ahead 
Population / Natural Resources and the Biophysical Environment / Technology / Ideology / Polity / Economy / The World System / The Higher Goals
Glossary 000
web pages of interEst 000
Appendix 000
Notes 000
Photo Credits 000
IndexES 000




Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Macrosociology, Social evolution, Social systems History