Table of contents for The age of synthesis : 1800-1895 / Ray Spangenburg and Diane K. Moser.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication information provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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CONTENTS
Preface											ix
Acknowledgments									xv
Introduction										xvi
Part One: THE PHYSICAL SCIENCES IN THE 19TH CENTURY		1
1. Atoms and Elements								1
Nature's Building Blocks								2
The "New Chemistry"								4
Dalton's Atoms									5
Insight into Daltonism								6
Avogadro's Hypothesis								9
The Electric Connection								14
Volta and the Birth of the Battery							16
Davy's Electrochemistry								18
2. Chemistry's Perplexing World of Complexity and Order			24
The Karlsruhe Conference							25
Mendeleyev's Solitaire								26
Thumbprinting the Elements							30
Birth of Organic Chemistry							33
Explosives, Dyes, Perfumes, and Plastics: Organic Gifts to Industry		36
Grabbing the Ring									39
3. Indestructible Energy								42
Early Work									42
Joule's Measurement								44
The First Law									45
The Second Law									47
Kinetic Theory of Gases								49
Maxwell's Demon									49
Great Moments in Thermodynamics						51
4. Magnetism, Electricity and Light						52
An Ancient Mystery								52
Faraday, the Great Experimenter							53
Jane Marcet, Science-Writer							55
Thomas Alva Edison								63
The Scottish Theorist, James Clerk Maxwell					65
Hertz's Waves									67
Young, Fresnel, and Light Waves							68
Babbage, Lovelace, and the First Computers					72
5. Sky and Earth									74
Maria Mitchell, The First U.S. Woman Astronomer				76
Seeing Better									77
Missing Planets									79
Fraunhofer's Lines								80
Mary Somerville, Scientist-Writer						83
Photographing the Stars								85
Second-Guessing the Sun								85
	Gauging the Earth's Age								86
Sideroads of Science: The Hollow Earth Theory					91
Part Two: THE LIFE SCIENCES IN THE 19TH CENTURY			93
6. Darwin and the Beagle's Bounty						93
Voyage of the Beagle								93
Pre-Darwinian Evolution								97
The Origin of Species								98
Cope and Marsh: Rival Bone Hunters						100
Letter from Malaysia								103
Descent of Man									104
The Neandertal Mystery								108
More Proof									111
7. From Macro to Micro: Organs, Germs, and Cells				113
Experimental Physiology								113
Pavlov and the Brain								116
Birth of Cell Theory								118
Virchow and Cell Pathology							120
Pasteur's Germ Theory								121
Shutting Out Germs 								123
Robert Koch: Finding Causes of Disease						126
Sideroads of Science: Homeopathic Medicine					129
Part Three: SCIENCE AND SOCIETY IN THE 19TH CENTURY		132
8. Pseudoscience Prospers								132
Testimony by Bumps								132
Rappings, Tappings, and Apparitions						137
9. American Commitment to Science						150
Legacy from the Colonies 							150
Dashkova: First Woman Elected to APS Membership				152
Joseph Henry: Jumpstarting American Science					155
Joseph Henry: Underrated Physicist						157					
10. The Great Age of Synthesis							160
Conclusion										170
Chronology										172
Glossary										182
Further Reading and Websites							185
The Periodical Table of Elements							194
Index											196




Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Science History 19th century Juvenile literature, Science History