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Introduction Abington School District v. Schempp Abood v. Detroit Board of Education Abrams v. United States Academic Freedom Accusatorial v. inquisitorial system Actual Malice Adamson v. California (1947) Adderly v. Florida Administrative Procedures Administrative Searches Aerial surveillance Aggravating and Mitigating factors (death penalty) Agonstini v. Felton Aguilar v. Texas Aid to Parochial Schools Airport Searches Akron v. Akron Center for reproductive Health Alabama v. Shelton Alien and Sedition Acts Alien Tort Claims Act Allegheny County v. Greater Pittsburgh ACLU Allgeyer v. Louisiana American Bar Association American Booksellers Association v. Hudnut American Civil Liberties Union American Friends Service Committee American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978 American Nazi Party Americans for Democratic Action Americans United for Separation of Church and State Amicus Curiae Amish Anonymous Political Speech Anonymous Tips Anti-Dial-a-Porn Act of 1998 Anti-Federalists Apprendi v. New Jersey Argersinger v. Hamlin (1972) Arizona v. Evans Arizona v. Fulminante Arraignment Arrest Articles of Confederation Arts and Humanities Funding (NFA & Humanities Act of 1990) Ashroft, John (Attorney General) Ashcroft v. American Civil Liberties Union (2002) Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition Aspects of Transgender Civil Liberties in the United States Assembly and Association, Freedom of Atkins v. Virginia Attainder, Bills of. Attorney General Attorney General's List of Subversive Organization Atwater v. City of Lago Vista Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce Automobile Searches Bad Tendency Test Bail Bail Reform Act of 1984 Bail, right to Bailey, F. Lee Baker v. Carr Balancing test Baldwin, Roger (Founder of ACLU) Barenblatt v. United States Barnes v. Glen Theater, Inc. Barron v. Baltimore (1833) Bates v. State Bar of Arizona (1977) Batson v. Kentucky (1986) Beauharnais v. Illinois Belle Terre v. Boraas Berman v. Parker Bethel v. Frasier Betts v. Brady Beyond a Reasonable doubt Bifurcation Bigelow v. Virginia (1975) Bill of Rights Billboards Bills of Attainder Birth Control and Contraception Bivens and 1983 Actions Black, Hugo Blacklisting Blackmun, Harry Blackstone, William Blue (Sunday Closing) Laws Board of Education of Kiryas Joel v. Grument Board of Education v. Earls Board of Education v. Pico Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin v. Southworth Book Banning Border Searches Bowers v. Hardwick Boy Scouts of America v. Dale Boycott Brady Rule (duty of prosecutors to disclose) Brandeis, Louis Dembitz Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969) Branzburg v. Hayes (1972) Bray v. Alexandria Women's Health Clinic Brennan, William Breyer, Stephen Bryan, William Jennings Buchanan v Wartley Buck v. Bell (1927) Buckley v. Valeo (1976) Burger, Warren Earl Burson v. Freeman Burton , Harold Bus Searches Bush, George H.W. Bush, Goerge W. Cable Denver Area Education Consortium v. FCC Calder v. Bull Cantwell v. Connecticut Capital Punishment Captive Audience Cardozo, Benjamin N. Carlan, George (Seven Dirty Words) Carolene Products Footnote (1938) Carroll v. United States (1925) Carter, Jimmy Censorship Central Hudson Gas & Electric v. Public Service Commission Central Intelligence Agency Chafee, Zechariah, Jr. Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942) Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge Chavez v. Martinez Checks and Balances Child Benefit Theory Child Pornography Chilling Effect Christian Roots of Civil Liberties Christian Science Church of the Lukumi Babalu v. City of Hialeah Cigarette Advertising Cippllone v. Liggett Group Citizenship City of Boerne v. Flores (1997) City of Erie v. Pap's A.M., 529 U.S. 277, 294 (2000) City of Lidue v. Gilleo City of Los Angeles v. Alameda Books, Inc., 122 S.Ct. 1728 (2002) City of Renton v. Playtime Theaters City of Riverside v. McLaughlin Civil Control of the Military Civil Disobedience Civil Law System Civil Liberties Civil Rights Civil Rights Cases Civil v. Criminal Trials Civil War and Civil Liberties Clear and Present Danger Clemency Clinton v. Jones Cloning Human Beings Cohen v. California Colegrove v. Green Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee v. FEC Commerce Clause Commercial Speech Common Law Communists Compelling Government Interest Compulsory Process Comstock Laws (Anthony Comstock) Confederate States of America Confessions Confrontation Clause Congress and Civil Liberties Congressional Investigations Conscientious objectors Consent to a Search Conservatism Constitutional Amending Process Constitutional Amendments Constitutional Interpretation and Civil Liberties Constitutionalism Consumer Rights Contempt Powers Contract Clause Contracts, Freedom of Copyright, Patent, and Trademark Corfield v. Coryell Corporate Speech Corrupt Practices Act of 1925 Corruption of Blood Court Packing Plan Coy v. Iowa Creation science Cruel and Unusual Punishments Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health Custody Darrow, Clarence Dartmouth College v. Woodward Death Penalty for Mentally Retarded Death Qualified Juries Debs, Eugene Debs, In Re (1895) Declaration of Independence Deep Throat (the movie) Defamation Democracy and Civil Liberties Democratic Party Dennis v. United States Department of Justice DeShaney v. Winnebago County Department of Social Services Dickerson v. United States Directed Verdicts Disability, Rights of People with Discovery DNA Testing Doe v. Bolton Dolan v. Cvity of Tigard Double Jeopardy Double Standard (for economic and individual rights) Douglas, William O. Draft Card Mutilation Act of 1965 Drug Enforcement Drug Kingpin Act Drug Testing Due Process of Law Duncan v. Louisiana Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Education Edwards v. California Edwards v. South Carolina Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 Eighteenth Amendment Eighth Amendment Eisenstadt v. Baird Electronic Eavesdropping Elkins v. United States Ellsberg, Daniel Ellsworth, Oliver Ely, John Hart Emancipation Proclamation Emergency War Powers Eminent Domain Employment Division v. Smith Engel v. Vitale English Bill of Rights English Only Laws (Arizonans for Official English v. Arizona) English Roots of Civil Liberties Entrapment Enumerated Powers Equal Access Act Equal Time Provision Escobedo v. Illinois Espionage Act of 1917 Establishment of Religion Estes v. Texas Everson v. Board of Education Evolution Evolving Standards of Decency Ex parte McCardle Ex parte Quirin (1942) Ex Post Facto Law Exclusionary Rule Executive Orders Fair Use Doctrine Fairness doctrine Family Rights FCC v. Pacifica FEC v. Colorado Republican Federal Campaign Committee Federal Aid to Elem and Secondary Education Act Federal Bureau of Investigation Federal Communications Commission Federal Conscription Act (1864) Federal Death Penalty Act (1994) Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 Federal Foreign Intelligence Act (1984) Federal Victims of Crime Act Federalism Federalists Felon Disenfranchisement Ferguson v. Skrupa (1963) Fifteenth Amendment Fifth Amendment Fighting Words Fingerprinting First Amendment First National Bank v. Bellotti Flag Burning Flag Saluting Flast v. Cohen Fletcher v. Peck Florida v. J.L. Ford, Gerald Forsyth County v. Nationalist Movement Fortas, Abe 44 Liquormart , Inc. v. Rhode Island Four Freedoms Fourteenth Amendment Fourth Amendment Frankfurter, Felix Free Exercise Clause Freedom of Assembly Freedom of Information Act Freedom of Petition Freedom of the Press Fricke v. Lynch (1980 U.S. District Court) Frontiero v. Richardson Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Fuller, Melvin Fundamental Fairness Fundamental Rights Furman v. Georgia Gag orders George Orwell (1984 and Big Brother) Gideon v. Wainwright Ginsburg, Ruth Bader Gitlow v. New York Globe Newspaper Co. v. Superior Court Goldberg v. Kelly Goldberg, Arthur Good Faith Exception Good News Club v. Milford Central School Grand Jury Gravity of Evil Test Greek Roots of Civil Liberties Gregg v. Georgia Griswold v. Connecticut Grojean v. American Press Group Libel Habeas Corpus Hand, Learned Harlan, John Marshall Harmless Error Harris v. Forklift Systems Hatch Act of 1939, 1940 Hate Crimes Hate Speech Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff (1984) Haymarket Affair Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier (1987) Health Quarantines Hearing Hearsay Henry, Patrick Herreca v. Collins (1993) Hicklin Test Hill v. Colorado History of Civil Liberties Hogdson v. Minnesota Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr. Home Building & Loan Assn. V. Blaisdell Home Schooling Homeland Security Act Hostile Audience Hot Pursuit House Committee on Un-American Activities House Unamerican Activities List Hughes, Charles Evans Hunter v. Underwood Hurley v. Irish-American Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Group of Boston Hurtato v. California Hustler Magazine v. Falwell (1988) Illinois v. Gates Immigration Immunity Implied Powers In God We Trust In re Gault In re Quinlan Incorporation Doctrine Independent Expenditures Indian Appropriatios Acts of 1895 and 1896 Indianapolis v. Redmond Indictments Ineffective Assistance of Legal Counsel Inevitable Discovery exception Initiatives and Referendums Injunctions Interest groups Intermediate Level Scrutiny Internal Revenue Service International Laws and Conventions International Society for Krishna Consciousness v. Lee Internet and the Web Interrogation Interstate Travel Rights Jackson, Robert Jacobson v. United States Jefferson, Thomas Jehovah's Witnesses Johnson v. Louisiana Johnson, Frank Johnson, Lyndon Judicial Review Jury Nullification Jury Size Jury Unanimity Just Compensation Justice, U.S. Department of Juvenile Death Penality Juvenile Justice System Katz v. United States Katzenbach v. Morgan Kennedy, Anthony Kevorkian, Jack Kimel v. Florida Board of Regents King, Martin Luther Jr. Klopfer v. North Carolina Korematsu v. United States (1944) Labor Union Rights Lady Chatterley's Lover Lamb's Chapel v. Moriches Union Free School District Land Use Lawn Signs Lawyer Advertising Lawyers, Role in Advocating & Defending C. Liberties Least Restrictive Means Test Lee v. Weisman Legal Basis of Public Health Legal Services Corporation v. Velazquez Lehnert v. Ferris Faculty Association Lemon Test Lemon v. Kurtzman Libel Liberalism Libertarianism Lie Detector Tests Lilburn, John Lincoln, Abraham Lochner v. New York Locke, John Los Angeles v. Alemeda Books, Inc. Loving v. Virginia Loyalty Oaths Loyalty-security Programs Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Commission Lynch v. Donnelly Lyng v. Northwest Indian Cemetary Protective Association (1988) MacIntyre v. Ohio Elections Commission Madison, James Madsen v. Women's Health Center Magna Carta Maher v. Roe Mandatory Student Activity Fees Mann Act Mapp v. Ohio Marbury v. Madison Marcuse, Herbert (One-Dimensional Man) Marriage, Right to Marshall, John Marshall, Thurgood Martial Law Massachusetts Body of Liberties Masses Publishing v. Patten Masson v. New York Magazine (1991) Mayflower Compact McCarran Act (Internal Security Act of 1950) McCarthy, Joseph McClesky v. Kemp (1987) Member of City Council of Los Angeles v. Taxpayers for Vincent Mentally Ill, Rights of Mentally Retarded, Rights of Metro Broadcasting v. FCC Meyer v. Nebraska (1973) Miami Herald v. Tornilla (1974) Michael H. v. Gerald D. (1980) Military Surveillance of Citizens Military Tribunals Mill, John Stuart Miller test Miller v. California Milton, John (Areopagitica) Minersville School District v. Gobitis Minnesota v. Dickerson Minor political parties Minor Political Parties Miranda v. Arizona (1966) Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan Montesquieu, Baron of Moore v. East Cleveland Mormons Morrill Anti-Bigamy Law of 1862 Movie Treatments of Civil Liberties Murphy, Frank Music Censorship NAACP v. Alabama National Endowment of the Arts v. Finley National Firearms Act of 1934 National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab Natural Law Natural Rights Naturalization Near v. Minnesota (1931) Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart (1976) Negative and Positive Liberties New Jersey v. T.L.O. (1985) New York Times v. Sullivan (1964) New York Times v. United States (1971) New York v. Ferber Ninth Amendment Nixon, Richard Noise, freedom from No-knock warrant Nollan v. California Coastal Commission Northwest Ordinance Now v. Scheidler Nude Dancing O'Connor, Sandra Day. Oaths of Office Obrien, United States v. (1968) Obscenity Oklahoma City Bombing Olmstead v. U.S. (1918) Open Fields exception Open Shop/Closed Shop Original Jurisdiction Overbreadth Doctrine Overturning Surpeme Court Decisions Palko v. Connecticut (1937) Palmer Raids Pardon and Clemencies Parental Rights Parents Music Resource Group (Tipper Gore) Paris Adult Theater v. Slaton (1973) Parolee/Probationer Rights Patriot Act Payne v. Tennessee Penn Central v. New York Penn, William Pennsylvania v, Mimms Pennsylvania v. Mahon Pennsylvania v. Nelson (1956) Personhood Petition of Right Petition, Freedom of Physician-Assisted Suicide Picketing Pierce v. Society of Sisters (1925) Plain Sight Doctrine Planned Parenthood v. Casey Plea Bargaining Pledge of Allegience and Flag Saluting Police Lineups Police Power Police, Restrictions on, Political parties Political Patronage (case law) Political Question Doctrine Polygamy Pornography Posadas v. Tourism Company (1986) Posse Comitatus Prayer at football games Prayer in School Precedent Preemption Preferred Freedoms President and Civil Liberties Presidential Debates (Arkansas Educational Television Commission v. Forbes Press, Right to Free Presumption of Innocence Preventive Detention Prior Restraint Prison Litigation Reform Act Prisoner's Rights Privacy, Right to. Privileges or Immunities Probable Cause Probation Property Rights Proportionality of Sentences Prosecutorial misconduct Prosecutors Public Danger exception Public Defenders Public Figures and Officials Public Forum Public Sources Publicity Act of 1910 Pure Speech Doctrine Putney Debates Quakers R.A.V. v. St. Paul Racial Profiling Random Drug Testing Rankin v. McPherson Rational Basis test Reagan, Ronald Reapportionment Red Lion v. FCC (1969) Red Scare Red-baiting Regulatory Taking Rehnquist, William Released Time Programs Religion Religious Displays and Symbols Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993 Religious Holidays Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons act of 2000 Reno v. ACLU Reply, right to Republican Party Republican Party of Minnesota v. Simmons Responsibilities Reynolds v. United States (1898) Richardson v. Ramirez Right of Confrontation Right of school Boards to ban books Right of unmarried people to live together Right to Appeal Right to Counsel Right to Die Right to education Right to travel Right to Vote Right to Work Rights of Aliens Rights of Minors Rights of Political Parties Rights, Waiver of Ring v. Arizona Ripeness Rivera, Diego (Mural at Rockefeller Center) Roadblock Searches Roberts v. United States Jaycees (1984) Rochin v. California (1952) Roe v. Wade (1973) Romer v. Evans Rosenberg, Ethel and Julius Rosenberger v. University of Virginia Rostker v. Goldberg Roth Test Rule of Law Rust v. Sullivan San Antonio v. Rodriguez (1973) Sante Fe Independent School District v. Doe Scales v. United States Scalia, Antonin. Schenk v. United States Schlup v. delo Schmerber v. California School Vouchers (Aid to Parochial schools) Seach Warrants Search (what is it) Search incident to arrest Search of Student Lockers Second Amendment Security Oaths Sedition Act of 1918 Seditious Libel Seizure (what is it) Selective Incorporation Self-Incrimination Separation of Church and State Seventh Amendment Sexual Harassment Shapiro v. Thompson Sheppard v. Maxwell (1966) Sherbert v. Verner Shield Laws Shrink v. Nixon Silver Platter Doctrine Sixth Amendment Skinner v. Oklahoma Slander Slaughterhouse Cases Smith Act (Alien Registration Act of 1940) Smith v. Collins Social and Economic Rights Solicitor General Souter, David Speedy Trial Act (1974) Speedy Trial, Right to Standing Stanley v. Georgia State Action State Bills of Rights State Constitutional Rights State Courts Status Crimes Statute of Limitations Sterilization Stevens, John Paul Stewart, Potter Stone v. Graham (1980) Stone, Harlan Fiske Stop and Frisk Story, Joseph Strickland v. Washington Strict Scrutiny Strikes and Arbitration Stromberg v. California Stuart v. American Press Company Student Activity Fees Student Dress Codes Student Newspapers Student Rights Student Searches and Seizures Subpoena Power Substantive Due Process Subversive Speech Suicide, Physician Assisted Summary Judgment Suspect Classifications Symbolic Speech Taft, William Howard Takings Clause Taney, Roger Brooke Taxation and Civil Liberties Ten Commandments, Posting Tennessee v. John Scopes Terrorism and Civil Liberties Terry v. Ohio (1968) Test Oaths Texas v. Johnson (1989) Third Amendment Thomas, Clarence Thoreau's "On Civil Disobedience" Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians Three Strikes Laws Tillman Act of 1907 Time, Place, and Manner Restrictions Timmons v. Twin Cities Area New Party Tinker v. Des Moines School District (1969) toleration Torture Totality of Circumstances Test Transactional Immunity Treason Trial by Jury Trop v. Dulles (1958) Twenty-first Amendment Twenty-sixth Amendment Twining v. New Jersey Tyranny of the Majority U.S. Constitution Unenumerated Rights Uniform Code of Military Justice Unions and Union Rights United States Court System United States Supreme Court United States v. Drayton United States v. Eichman United States v. Leon United States v. National Treasury Employees Union United States v. O'Brien United States v. Playboy Entertainment Group United States v. Progressive Magazine United States v. Santana United States v. Sokolow United States v. U.S. District Court Use Immunity Vacco v. Quill (1997) Vagrancy laws Vagueness Doctrine V-Chips (television) Veronia School District v. Acton Vested Rights Victim Impact Statement Victimless Crimes Victims' Rights Viet Nam War Vinson, Fred M. Violence Against Women Act Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. VA Citizens Consumer Board Virginia Declaration of Rights Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom Voir Dire Volstead Act Vulgarity Waite, Morrison Remick Waiving Miranda Rights Wall of Separtion Wallace v. Jaffree War on Drugs Ward v. Rock Against Racism Warren, Earl Washington v. Glucksburg (1994) Watchtower Bible v. City of Stratton Watkins v. U.S. Webster v. Reproductive Health Services Weeks v. United States Welch v. United States (1970) Welfare West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette White, Byron Whitney v. California Widmar v. Vincent (1981) Wilkes, John Wiretapping Wisconsin v. Mitchell Wisconsin v. Yoder Wolf v. Colorado World War I World War II Write-in Votes Writs of Assistance Writs of Assistance Case Writs of Certiorari Yates v. United States Young v. American Mini Theaters, Inc., Youth Curfew Laws Zablocki v. Redhail Zadvydas v. Davis (2001) Zelman v. Simmons-Harris Zenger, Peter Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School District Zoning Zorach v. Clausen (1952) Zurcher v. Stanford Daily (1978) Documents Chronology Bibliography Indexes
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Civil rights United States Encyclopedias