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Contents List of Tables and Figures 1. Introduction: Ideas Matter in Korean Politics Interplay of Ideas, Values, and Policy in the Era of Transition The Impact of Ideas on Policy: Modernization, Democratization, and Globalization Conceptual Frame and Theoretical Baseline Conclusion 2. Taking Culture Seriously: Confucian Tradition and Modernization The Cultural Legacy of Confucianism Political Doctrines and Practice of Korean Confucianism Modernization, Authoritarianism, and Democracy Paths to Modernization and Development Confucianism, Democracy, and Reformism Conclusion 3. Democratization by Launching Sixth Republic of Korea (ROK) Democracy Movement, and Democratic Transition Modernization Ideas Inspire Soldier Politicians Constitutional Crises of the Developmental State Democratic Opening and Political Change of 1987 Analyzing the Political Economy of Democratization Conclusion 4. "Reform Half-Way Down?" Cultural Context of Democratic Consolidation Reforming Post-Confucian Society The Challenges of Democratic Consolidation via Reform Successive Waves of Democratic Reform: Positive or Negative Consolidation? The Rule of Law and the Court Trial of Ex-Presidents Structure, Culture, and Failed Reform Conclusion 5. Responses to Globalization: Sustaining Democracy through Economic Reform Globalization Drive: Advanced-Nation Status or Disease? Effects of the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis Is Globalization Threat or Opportunity? Negotiating Globalization Impacts: Clashing Styles and Approaches Globalization and Democratization in the Two Administrations Conclusion 6. Global Political Economy and the Korean State The Unraveling of Korea's Miracle Economy: East Asian Miracle Revisited Economic Crisis, Recovery, and Restructuring The Logic of Competitive State in the IMF Era The Politics of Gridlock and Collective Action Conclusion 7. Foreign Policy and Democracy: From Nordpolitik to Engagement Constructing Foreign Policy in Democracy: Ideas and Interests Nordpolitik (or Northern Policy) and Democratization Engagement (or the Sunshine Policy) toward North Korea External Impact of Engagement on Major Powers Conclusion: "Democratic Peace" and Korea's Future 8. New Democracy for Korean Society and Politics The Rise and Role of Civil Society for Democracy Korean Electoral Democracy in Action Assessing Institutional Change and Administrative Performance: The Policy Challenges and Leadership Responses Launching the Roh Moo Hyun Presidency: Problems and Prospects Conclusion 9. Transforming Korean Politics? Conclusion Drawing Lessons from the Korean Experiment The "Asian Values" Discourse and Korean Culture Confronting Korea's Uncertain Security Future Concluding Remarks Notes Bibliography Index
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