Table of contents for Wind power : renewable energy for home, farm, and business / Paul Gipe.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication information provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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[fmh]Contents
1. Introduction
Wind Energy Workshops
How This Book Is Organized
Nomenclature; What Are We Talking About?
	Wind Machines
	Power and Energy; There Is a Difference 
	Watt's More
What's New in This Version of Wind Power
Levers, Moment Arms, and Torque
Equations; They're Informative
False Precision; How to Avoid It
Units; Yes, Metrics Too
Size; It's All Relative
2. Applications; How to Use the Wind
Generating Power at Remote Sites
	Hybrids
	Low-Power Applications
	Village Electrification
Interconnecting with the Utility
Lighting the Way
	How It Works
Public-Spirited
	Farming the Wind
Heating
Water Pumping
3. Measuring the Wind
Wind; What Is It?
Wind Speed Units
Wind Speed and Time
The Beaufort Scale
Wind Speed Notation
Power in the Wind
Power Density 
	Air Density 
International Standard Atmosphere
Air Density
	Swept Area 
	Wind Speed
	Speed Distributions
Frequency Distributions
Wind Speed, Power, and Height
	Wind Shear Exponent
Logarithmic Model of Wind Shear
The Wind Shear Exponent (_)
The Nocturnal Jet
Calculating the Wind Shear Exponent (_)
Published Wind Data
Sources of Wind Data in the United States
Surveying Your Site
Estimating the Height of Obstructions
	Measuring Instruments
	Anemometer Towers
	Survey Duration
	Data Analysis
	Another Option; Install a Small Wind Turbine
4. Estimating Output; How Much to Expect
Swept Area Method
	Small Wind Turbines
Calculating Swept Area
Swept Area Rules of Thumb
	Medium-Size Wind Turbines
Power Curve Method
Avoid Average Speed Confusion
Power Curve Nomenclature
Manufacturers' Estimates
Wind Power Plant Losses
The Method of Bins
Performance Ratings
Efficiency
5. Economics; Does Wind Pay?
Cost of Energy and Payback
Economic Factors
Residential Economics
Understanding Table 5-1
Farm and Business Economics
Understanding Table 5-2
Taking a Gamble: Schafer Systems
Risks
Cost-Effectiveness
6. Evaluating the Technology; What Works and What Doesn't
Orientation
	Vertical Axis
	Horizontal Axis
Tail Vanes
		Passive Yaw
		Active Yaw
Ducted or Augmented Turbines
Lift and Drag
Aerodynamics
	Apparent Wind and the Angle of Attack
	Twist and Taper
	Solidity
	The Betz Limit
One-Blade Wind Turbines
	Blade Number
	Self-Starting
Tip Vanes and Tip Torpedoes
Blades
	Wood
	Metal
	Fiberglass
Hubs
Drive Trains
	Small Turbines
	Medium-Size Turbines
Other Forms of Transmission
Generators
Permanent Permanent Magnets?
	Alternators
Air-Gap Generators
	Variable- or Constant-Speed Operation
	Induction (Asynchronous) Generators
	Dual Generators
Rotor Controls
	Horizontal Furling
	Vertical Furling
	Coning
	Changing Blade Pitch
	Aerodynamic Stall
	Mechanical Brakes
	Aerodynamic Brakes
Putting It All Together
	Small Turbines
	Medium-Size Turbines
7. Towers
Height
Stratospheric Heights
Buckling Strength
Drag Force and Thrust
Tower Types
	Freestanding Towers
	Tubular Towers
	Guyed Towers
Novel Towers
	Rooftop Mounting
	Silos
	Trees
	Farm Windmill Towers
	Wooden Poles
	Steel Pipe
	Concrete
Other Considerations
	Space
	Maintenance
	Ease of Installation
Tower Selection 
8. Cutting Costs; Not Corners
Building a Small Wind Turbine Yourself
DIY Brake-Drum Windmill
	Smedemestermoelle
Buying a Used Wind Turbine
Secondhand Wind
	Used Windchargers
	Used 1970s Machines
	Used California Turbines
California Wind Turbines
		Danish and American Designs
		Lightweight U.S. Designs
		What Are They Worth?
		Jacobs Designs
		Windmatic 15S; A Workhorse
Dutch Valley Produce
		Limitations of California Turbines
	Used Wind Turbines in Europe
	Caveat Emptor (Buyer Beware)
The Spirit of Adventure
Assembling a Kit
Working Together
	Cooperatives; The Danish Approach
Kennemerwind 
Sydthy Kabellaug
	Cooperative Net Billing 
	Buying Clubs
	Wind Plant Co-ops
9. Buying a Wind System
Choosing a Product
Standard Power Rating
Much More than the Turbine
	Standardized Tests
	Operational History
	Product Specifications
	Manuals
	Maintenance
	Controls
	Robustness
	Intangibles
Evaluating Vendors
Ventilators and Squirrels in a Cage 
	Manufacturers
	Dealers
	What to Expect
Some Do's and Don'ts
Contracts and Warranties
Case Studies
	Cappy Reece
	Art and Maxine Cook
10. Interconnection with the Utility
PURPA in the USA
	Practical Application of PURPA
	Net Metering
Wind Without Limits
Electricity Feed Laws and Quotas
Feed Laws Deliver Renewables
	Danish Feed Law
	German Feed Law
	French Feed Law
	Feed Laws Elsewhere
	Quotas
Power Quality and Safety
	Power Factor
	Voltage Flicker
	Harmonics
Dealing with the Utility
Aussie Built; Aussie Operated
Sizing; What's Right for You
	Dump Loads
11. Off-the-Grid Power Systems
Hybrids
Tale of Two Cities
	Reducing Demand
Cutting Consumption
	AC and DC Systems
	Sizing
U.S. Solar and Wind Data
Micro Hybrid Power System
Cabin-Size Hybrid Power System
Household-Size Hybrid Power System
	Inverters
	Batteries
	Backup Generators
	Utility Backup
Stand-Alone Economics
Other Stand-Alone Power Systems
	Telecommunications
	Village Electrification
	Village Self-Reliance
12. Pumping Water
Windmills That Won the West
Dempster Still Pumping
Mechanical Wind Pumps 
	Pumping Head
	Estimating Farm Windmill Pumping Capacity
	New Technology for Mechanical Wind Pumps
Farm Windmill Conversion?
Electrical Wind Pumps
Wind Pumping Research
Estimating Water Use
Storage
Irrigation
Wind Pump Renaissance
13. Siting
Physical Restrictions
	Exposure and Turbulence
	Power Cable Routing
Institutional Restrictions
Property Values
	Planning Permission 
	Building Permits
	Height Restrictions
	Obstruction Marking
	Public Safety
		Falling Blades
		Falling Ice
		Attractive Nuisance
	Aesthetics
		Medium-Size Turbines
		Small Turbines
Anti-Wind Groups
	Noise
		Decibels
		Weighting Scales
		Exceedance Levels
		Noise Propagation
Will It Be Heard?
		Ambient Noise
		Community Noise Standards
		Sound Power Levels
Sources of Small Turbine Noise
			Wind Turbine Noise
			Lowering Wind Turbine Noise
		Consequences
		Consideration
	TV and Radio Interference
	Shadow Flicker and the Disco Effect
	Shadow Flicker
	Birds 
	Case Studies
14. Installation
Thoughts on Doing It Yourself
Parts Control
Foundations and Anchors
	Anchors
	Working with Concrete
	Guyed Towers
	Freestanding Towers
	Novel Foundations
Assembly and Erection of Guyed Towers
	Guy Cables
	Guy Cable Attachments
		Wire Rope Clips and Thimbles
	Using a Crane 
Installation of a Household-Size Turbine with a Crane
	Using a Gin Pole
Freestanding Towers; Assembly and Erection
	Tubular Towers 
Installation of a Medium-Size Wind Turbine
Tilt-Up Towers; Assembly and Erection
	Tilt-Up Guyed Towers
Sample Tool List for a Micro Turbine
Erecting a Guyed Tilt-Up Tower with a Griphoist
Griphoists
Wiring
Up-Tower Block Connectors for Micro Turbines
	Aboveground and Buried Cable
	Conductors and Conductor Sizing
American Wire Gauge to Metric Conversion
	Strain Relief of Tower Conductors
	Conduit Fill
Junction or J-Boxes
	Surge Protection
Ground Net
	Additional Notes on Wiring
15. Operation, Performance, and Maintenance 
Small Wind Turbine First Rotation
	Interconnected Wind Systems
	Battery-Charging Wind Systems
Monitoring Performance 
	Small Wind Turbines
Reading a Kilowatt-Hour Meter
Maintenance
	Small Turbines
Proven on the Falkland Islands
	Balance of Remote Systems
	Medium-Size Wind Turbines
		Tvindkraft
Bushland Enertech
		Blade and Tower Cleaning
		Painting
Cost of Maintenance
	Small Wind Turbines
	Medium-Size Wind Turbines
Life Expectancy
16. Safety
Fatal Accidents
Terry Mehrkam
Hazards
	Falls
	Spinning Rotors
Dynamic Braking of Small Turbines
	Electrical
	Construction
	Analysis
Tower Safety and Climbing Gear
	Positioning Belts and Full-Body Harnesses
	Lanyards, Lifelines, and Anchorages
	Snap Hooks, Carabiners, and Slings
	Fall-Arresting Systems
Work Platforms
Tower Work and Do-It-Yourselfers
Ladders
More Tower Tips
Steen Aagaard's Crippling Fall
Small Turbine Electrical Safety
	Batteries
Rope and Cable
Pulleys
Winches and Hoists for Small Wind Turbines
Loss Prevention
17. Looking to the Future
Expanded Applications
	Distributed Wind
	Community Wind
MinWind; Farmer Owned 
	Offshore Wind
	Electric Vehicle Charging
Better Technology
	Small Wind Turbines
	Medium-Size and Larger Wind Turbines
Challenges Facing Wind
	Bigger Is Better
	Green Power
	Offshore 
	Environmental
	Too Cheap to Meter
What's Needed
	Wind Turbine Owners' Associations 
	Making Wind Go Farther
	Restructuring the Grid
	Fair Price for a High-Value Product 
Energy for Life
Appendixes
Constants
Conversions
Scale of Energy Equivalents 
Scale of Equivalent Power
Air Density Correction Spreadsheets
	Spreadsheet Notation
	for Temperature
	for Altitude
	for Normal Lapse Rate (Standard Atmosphere)
	for a Given Temperature and Elevation
Weibull Wind Speed Distribution
Rayleigh Wind Speed Distribution
Map of Wind Resources in the United States
Maps of World Wind Resources 
Estimates of Annual Energy Output
Estimating Annual Energy Output from Manufacturer's Power Curve 
Estimates of Water Pumping Capacity of Farm Windmills
Cash Flow Models
Nongovernmental Organizations
Government-Sponsored Laboratories
Web Sites
Electronic Networks
Workshops
International Wind Energy Consultants
Characteristics of Selected Small Wind Turbines 
Small Wind Turbine Manufacturers
Characteristics of Selected Medium-Size Wind Turbines 
Medium-Size Wind Turbine Manufacturers
Reconditioned and Used Wind Turbines
Mechanical Wind Pumps
Small Wind Turbine Towers
Rotor Blades
Mail-Order Catalogs
Wind-Measuring Devices
Wind-Measuring Masts
Wind and Meteorological Data
Periodicals
Wind Turbine Market Surveys
Software 
Anchors and Guying Hardware
Work Belts and Fall-Arresting Systems
Inverters
Batteries
Plans for Small Wind Turbines
Griphoists
Videos
Multilingual Beaufort Scale
Multilingual Lexicon
Bibliography
	Rigging
	Solar Photovoltaics
	Wind Energy Technology in English
	Modern Wind Energy History
	Wind Resources and Siting
	Aesthetics and Noise
	Designing, Building, or Installing Your Own
	Water Pumping
	Wind Energy Technology in German
	Wind Energy Technology in French
	Wind Energy in Spanish
	Wind Energy in Swedish
Glossary of Wind Energy Terminology 
Index
 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Wind power