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Contents Abbreviations Foreword by Charles Fuller Preface Acknowledgments Introduction Part I Freedomís Battlefield 1 What Is at Stake: Black Abolitionism, Politics, and Lincolnís Election ìThey differ only in the methodî Thomas Hamilton March 17, 1860 ìevery colored man in the community is an anti-slavery speechî H. Ford Douglas October 6, 1860 2 Where We Stand ìrevolutions never go backwardî Frederick Douglass May 5, 1861 ìWell, I am a negro, and I was not contentedî J. Sella Martin October 27, 1865 ìIs the war one for Freedom?î James Madison Bell May 24, 1862 3 Emigration and Colonization ìHayti needs populationî Henry Highland Garnet December 22, 1860 ìthe free blacks of the United States are wanted in the United Statesî James McCune Smith to Henry Highland Garnet January 5, 1861 ìHis removal, even if possible, will not effect a cureî George B. Vashon to Abraham Lincoln September 1862 4 The Slavery of Racial Prejudice ìThe position of the colored man today is a trying oneî John S. Rock March 5, 1860 ìtruth shall yet triumph over errorî Robert Hamilton July 14, 1864 ìWe need no compromise with traitorsî ìAfricanoî to the Weekly Anglo-African September 2, 1864 ìSave us from our Friends (?)î Paschal Beverly Randolph, M.D. to the Weekly Anglo-African November 5, 1864 5 Race Riots Hate in Detroit John A. Warren to Elisha Weaver March 21, 1863 The New York Draft Riot William P. Powell to William Lloyd Garrison July 18, 1863 ìnot the first of its kind, and it may not be the lastî J.W.C. Pennington August 24, 1863 6 Black Soldiers and the War, Part I: What We Can Do ìthe time is not far distantî William H. Johnson to Pine & Palm November 11, 1861 ìthe hand of Providence appears to move slowly but it movesî John V. Givens to Thomas Hamilton October 12, 1861 ìThis is our golden opportunityî Frederick Douglass March 2, 1863 ìYou owe it to yourself and your raceî Frederick Douglass April 1863 ìIf I die tonight I will not die a cowardî Sgt. Lewis H. Douglass to Frederick and Anna Murray Douglass July 20, 1863 ìthis ungodly rebellion shall be put downî Pvt. Samuel Cable to Leah Ward Cable  ìin 1855 master sold my mother, and in 1861 he sold meî Testimony of Cpl. Octave Johnson February [?] 1864 ìI propose, sir, an army of blacksî Martin R. Delany meets with Abraham Lincoln February 1865 7 The Black Soldiers and the War , Part II: The Hate We Face ìcolored men have their rights that white men are bound to respectî Alexander T. Augusta to the National Republican May 15, 1863 ìIs there no justice in America?î Sgt. George E. Stephens to Robert Hamilton August 7,1863 ìFor what are we to be grateful?î Sgt. George E. Stephens to Thomas Hamilton October 3, 1863 Fort Pillow Testimony of Jacob Thompson and Ransome Anderson 1864 From the Eighth U.S. Heavy Artillery Isaac Van Loon to Robert Hamilton August 1864 8 Equal Pay and Equal Rights ìthe Black man laid his life at the Altar of the Nationî James Henry Gooding to Abraham Lincoln September 28, 1863 ìunder the guns of prejudice and hateî ìBay Stateî to Robert Hamilton April 10, 1864 ìwe have never had our Just Rightsî Sgt. William J. Brown to Edwin M. Stanton April 27, 1864 ìwe came to fight For Liberty justice & Equalityî Soldiers of the 55th Massachusetts Regiment to Abraham Lincoln July 16, 1864 ìbecause I am black, they tamper with my rightsî Sgt. George E. Stephens to the Weekly Anglo-African August 1, 1864 ìI was foold in the first placeî Pvt. George G. Freeman to Chief Justice of the United States June 25, 1865 9 The Black Sailor The USS Kearsarge and the CSS Alabama Charles B. Fisher 1863£1864 10 Black Women and the War ìReminiscences of My Life in Campî Susie King Taylor 1863£1864 11 Emancipation ìIt is now, or never: now, if everî Robert Hamilton January 17, 1863 Fulfilling Their Duty Harriet and Louisa Jacobs to Lydia Maria Child March 26, 1864 ìForever free! forever free!î Charlotte Forten GrimkÈ May£June 1864 12 Conditions in Dixie ìI am about thirteen years oldî Jim Heiskell March 30, 1864 ìI was in a miserable-destitute conditionî Mrs. Amey Carrington August 10, 1865 Defying the Fugitive Slave Law Dola Ann Jones to Col. Jonathan Eaton, Jr. August 16, 1865 ìThe Story of Mattie J. Jacksonî Mattie J. Jackson 1866 13 Warís End Occupying the other ìHall of Congressî T. Morris Chester to The Philadelphia Press April 4 and 6, 1865 The Second Inauguration Elizabeth Keckley 1868 14 Lincolnís Death and the Future ìFrom one we may learn allî Robert Hamilton April 22, 1865 ëAbraham, the Martyrí S. W. Rogers April 22, 1865 ìWe ask for our rights, upon the principle of our loyaltyî Rev. John J. Moore October 27, 1865 Part II Memoryís Battlefield 15 The Context of Black Service ìThe Negro as a Soldierî Christian A. Fleetwood 1895 ìPublic Opinionî Joseph T. Wilson 1890 16 Glory ìThe Massachusetts Fifty-Fourthî Frances Ellen Watkins Harper October 10, 1863 ìThe Fifty-Fourth at Wagnerî James Monroe Trotter December 8, 1883 17 Out of the Briars ìMy War Record and Sketch of the Twenty-ninth Regimentî Alexander H. Newton 1910 18 Remembering Slavery and the Civil War in Missouri ìThe New Man. Twenty-Nine Years a Slave. Twenty-Nine Years a Free Man.î Henry Clay Bruce 1895 19 Remembering Slavery and the Civil War in Tennessee ìSlavery and the War of the Rebellion. Beginning of Warî Louis Hughes 1897 20 Remembering Slavery and the Civil War in Kentucky ìLife and Historyî Rev. Elijah P. Marrs 1885 21 War, Race, and Remembering Iola Leroy Frances Ellen Watkins Harper 1893 The House of Bondage Octavia V. Rogers Albert 1890 Selected Reading List Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 African Americans, United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Personal narratives, African Americans Biography, Slaves United States Biography, African American soldiers Biography, African American political activists Biography