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Table of Contents Page Preface Introduction: Sex, Power, and Families of the World Part I. Patriarchy and Its Exits - and Closures Chapter 1. Modernities and Family Systems: Patriarchy around l900 1 Collisions and Continuities in Europe 6 At the Frontier: Gender Governance of European Settlement 17 The Duality of Creole Society: Colonial, and Indo- and Afro-American Families After the Upheavals 23 Colonial Thrusts 28 South Asia: The Elites and the Others 31 Africa: The Morning of Colonial Shock 39 The Interstices of Southeast Asia 45 Imperial Threats 51 East Asia: The Family in Reactive Modernities 53 The Japanese Path 53 The Blocked Exits Out of China´s Past 58 Islam Under Pressure 62 The World of Patriarchy around l900 68 Chapter 2. A Long Night´s Journey into Dawn 1(70) Prologue: When the Earth Moved: Three Moments of Change 1 Forces of Change and of Resistance 4 Act 1: Reform, Revolution, or Neither 8 The Consensual Vanguard 8 Feminism and Communist Revolution 12 Variants of Limitations 15 China: An Aborted Revolution 16 An Urban Bridgehead in Revolutionary Turkey 17 The Mexican Revolution and Latin America 20 Act 2. The Constitutional Moment 23 Japan, China, and the Rest of Asia 23 Germany and Eastern Europe 27 The United Nations 31 Act 3. "1968" and Feminist Globalization 32 Chapter 3. The Patriarchal Burden of the 21st Century 37 South Asian Arrangements 38 Backlash in West Asia and North Africa 43 African Traditions and Their Ruins 47 East Asian Changes and Recidivism 51 Southeast Asian Hesitations 56 Euro-American Post-Patriarchy: Inequality 59 Part II. Marriage and Mutations of the Socio-Sexual Order 1 Meanings of Marriage 1 Chapter 4. Sex and Marriage in l900 7 Fin-de-siècle scenes 7 The Rule of Universal Marriage 10 The Peculiarities of Western (European) Marriage 16 The Sexual Order Outside Marriage 20 The Creole Americas and Their Non-Marriage 31 The Global Significance of Marriage in l900 37 Chapter 5. Marital Curvatures of the 20th Century 38 The Rise of the Western Honeymoon 39 The Age of Industrial Marriage 39 Eastern Europe and the Irony of Communism 44 Knots Are Tied in Latin America 46 Asian Ageing 51 African Specificity Through Colonialism and National Crises 56 The World of Marriage in 2000 61 The Great Disruption - and the Smaller Ones 67 Chapter 6. The Return of Cohabitation and the Sexual Revolution 72 Boundaries Blurred: Marriage and Non-Marriage 72 The Post-Industrial Landscape of Western Coupling 75 Current Cohabitation Outside the European Family 86 The Sexual Revolution 92 The Western Revolution 92 A Sexual Geography of the World around 2000 97 The Vast Expanse of African Sexuality 98 Asian Ways: Control and/or Discretion 101 Creole Inequalities 105 Four "Western" Variants 108 From Outlaw to Married Citizen: A Note on Rights to Homosexuality 111 Part III. Couples, Babies, and States 1 Chapter 7. Fertility Decline and Political Natalism 1 The World´s Demographic Transition, 1750-2050 2 Two Waves of Fertility Decline 9 Family Systems and Their Fertility 14 Beginnings and the Western European Family 19 The Movement of European Fertility Decline 24 Damning A Tide: Governmental Birth Promotion 29 Chapter 8. The Politics and the Sociology of Birth Control 38 Family Systems and the Second Wave of Fertility Control 38 Assessing Waves: Europe and the Third World 46 Against the State and With the State 48 The Political Demography of Family Planning 52 The Arc of National Programs 57 Moving Against Oneself? 67 The New Fertility Decline in the Developed World 67 Birth Deficits: Unintended Low Fertility 71 Summing Up: The Routes to Fertility Decline 73 Conclusion. The Century Gone, the Century Coming 1 The Global Dynamics of Family Institutional Change Figures of Change 1 Family Systems and the Processes of Institutional Change 3 Trajectories and Their Properties 8 Times Coming 15 Beyond "Transition": Ageing and Geopolitical Demographic Shifts 16 Dim Prospects of Patriarchy 19 Solitude and Complexity: After Industrial Standardization 22 List of Tables A Note on Primary Sources References
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Family History 20th century, Family Cross-cultural studies, Patriarchy History 20th century, Marriage History 20th century, Sex Social aspects, Fertility, Human Social aspects