Table of contents for Attention : theory and practice / Addie Johnson, Robert W. Proctor.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication information provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Chapter 1: Historical Overview of Research on Attention
with Kim-Phuong L. Vu
The Philosophical Period
The Period from 1860 to 1909
Speed of Mental Processes
Effects of Attention
The Period from 1910 to 1949
The Period from 1950 to 1974
The Period from 1975 to Present
Summary and Preview of the Book
Chapter 2: Information Processing and the Study of Attention
The Information Processing Approach
Information Theory
Information and Stages
Mental Resources
Arousal and Performance
An Energetic Systems Model of Information Processing
Behavioral Measures
Reaction Time
Accuracy
Signal Detection Methods
Psychophysiological Measures
Brain Imaging Techniques
Summary
Chapter 3: Selective Visual Attention
The Function of Selective Attention
Attention for Perception
Attention for Awareness
Attention for Action
The Locus of Selection
The Early-selection View
The Late-Selection View
Is Selection Early or Late?
The Spotlight of Attention
Focusing the Attentional Spotlight
Moving the Attentional Spotlight
The Resolution of the Attentional Spotlight
An Attentional Gradient?
Attentional Control
Overt and Covert Orienting
Exogenous and Endogenous Orienting
Space-based versus Object-based Attention
Is Space Special?
Allocating Attention to Objects
Visual Search
Feature Integration Theory
Guided Search 2.0
Combining Object- and Space-based Selection in Theories of Visual Attention
A Theory of Visual Attention
The CODE Theory of Visual Attention
Summary
Chapter 4: Auditory and Crossmodal Attention
Auditory Selective Attention
The Dichotic Listening Paradigm
Factors Affecting the Ease of Selection
Processing of Unselected Information
Divided Auditory Attention
The Split-span Technique
Auditory Monitoring
Alerting and Orienting Functions of Auditory Attention
Attentional Set
Attending to Multiple Locations or Modalities
Visual Dominance
Effects of Visual Information on Auditory Localization
Effects of Attention on Pain Perception
Cross-modal Attention
Cross-modal Attention Cuing
A Single Supra-modal Spatial Attention Controller?
Summary
Chapter 5: Attention and Inhibition
Types of Inhibition
Inhibition That Counters Activation
Reactive Inhibition
Behavioral Inhibition
(Attempted) Inhibition of Irrelevant Information
The Stroop Effect
The Simon Effect
A Response-Selection Basis for Spatial Compatibility Effects
Flanker-compatibility Effects
Inhibition of Return
Inhibition of Return and Visual Search
Attentional and Motor Effects in Inhibition of Return
Visual Marking
Negative Priming
Object-based Negative Priming
Ease of Selection and Degree of Negative Priming
Inhibition Accounts of Negative Priming
Episodic Retrieval Accounts of Negative Priming
Inhibition of Thought and Action
Intentional Forgetting
Suppression Processes in Reading
Responding to a Signal to Stop
Stopping Times
The Nature of the Stopping Process
Summary
Chapter 6: Multiple-Task Performance
Managing Attentional Resources
Setting Goals and Intentions
Goal Setting
Task-set Switching
Control of Multi-step Tasks
Intentional Control and Multitasking
Attention and Skill
A Closer Look at Dual-task Performance
The Psychological Refractory Period Effect
The Response-selection Bottleneck Model
Modifications of the Response-selection Bottleneck model
Effects of Practice on the PRP Effect
Alternatives to Bottleneck Models
Summary
Chapter 7: Memory and Attention
with Mark Nieuwenstein
Sensory Memory
Iconic Memory
Echoic Memory
Working Memory
The Phonological Loop
The Visuo-spatial Sketchpad
The Central Executive
The Role of Attention in Encoding and Retrieval
Memory Consolidation and Attention
Short-Term Conceptual Memory
The Attentional Blink
Change Blindness
The Bottleneck Model Revisited
The Attentional Blink and the PRP Effect
Do Memory Operations Occupy the Central Bottleneck?
Procedural Memory
Implicit Learning
Attention, Memory, and Skill
Summary
Chapter 8: Attention and Displays
with Kim-Phuong L. Vu
Visual Displays
Visual Search
Search Patterns
Computer Menus
Multifunctional and Gaze-contingent Multiresolutional Displays
Organization of Displays
Grouping Principles
Object Displays and Emergent Features
Display-control Relations
Salience of Display and Control Features
Auditory and Multisensory Displays
Auditory Displays
Warning and Alerting Signals
Alerting Signals for Mode Changes
Multisensory Interfaces
Supervisory Control
Mental Models
Ecological Interface Design
Memory-related factors
Complex Tasks and Display Arrangements
Cognitive Load and Instructional Learning
Vehicle Control and Operation
Head-up Displays
Intelligent Transport Systems and In-vehicle Navigation Aids
Virtual Reality Environments
Sustained Attention and Vigilance
Summary
Chapter 9: Mental Workload and Situation Awareness
Processing Resources
Arousal and Workload
Multiple-resources Framework
Processing Strategies
Measuring Mental Workload
Physiological Measures
Performance-based Measures
Performance Operating Characteristics
Subjective Measures
Criteria for Selecting and Evaluating Workload Measures
Situation Awareness
Cognitive Factors in Situation Awareness
Situation Awareness and Mental Workload
Measurement of Situation Awareness
Improving Situation Awareness
Human Error
Initiating and Maintaining Action Plans
The Supervisory Attention System
Summary
Chapter 10: Individual Differences in Attention
Attentional Ability
Attention and Intelligence
Intra-individual Differences in Attention
Arousal and Circadian Rhythms
Energetical Arousal and Performance
Attention Across the Lifespan
Attentional Control in Children
Attentional Control and Aging
Inhibition and Aging
Frontal Lobe Function and Monitoring Performance
Training and Attention
Controlling Attention
Automaticity and Training
Attention and Working Memory Capacity
Attention, Memory, and Emotion
Mood-congruent Memory
Memory and Depression
Attention, Memory, and Anxiety
Summary
Chapter 11: The Cognitive Neuroscience of Attention
Robert Melara
Tools of the Cognitive Neuroscientist
Measurement Strengths and Limitations
The Oddball Paradigm
Mismatch Negativity: The Automatic Detection of Change
Involuntary Orienting
Neural Generators of Change Detection
Selective Attention
The Dual-Channel Oddball Task
Channel Separation
Filtering Unidimensional Stimuli
Filtering Multidimensional Stimuli
The Duality of Selection
Inhibition Revealed by Attentional Training
The Sources of Selective Control
The Logic of Lesion Studies
Divisions of the Prefrontal Cortex
Effects of Prefrontal Damage on Channel Separation
Prefrontal Control of Selection Duality
Role of Prefrontal Cortex in Attention Disorders
The Anterior Cingulate Cortex
The Sites of Selective Control
The Spatial Mapping of Selective Attention
Selection of Object-Based Representations
Target versus Distractor Activation in Lateral Intraparietal Cortex
Attentional Networks
Posner's Orienting Network
Mesulam's Attentional System
Büchel and Friston's Path Network
Dynamic Filtering: A General Purpose Attentional Network
Summary
Chapter 12: Disorders of Attention
with Edward de Haan and Roy Kessels
Developmental Attention Disorders
Attention Deficits Due to Focal Lesions and Hemorrhage
Neglect
Extinction
Balint's syndrome
Attention Deficits Following Diffuse Injury
Head Trauma
Whiplash
Measuring Attention Deficits
Dementia
Cortical Dementias
Subcortical Dementias
Attention Deficits in Psychiatric Patients
Schizophrenia
Depression
Treatment of Attention Deficits
Summary
References
Index
About the Authors
 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Attention, Information processing, Memory