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TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ix CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 1 INTERTEXTUALITY: A POSSIBLE WAY FORWARD 7 PROCEDURE 9 CHAPTER 2. SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF RECENT SCHOLARSHIP: PAUL AND THE LAW 11 LUTHER AND THE "TRADITIONAL" POSITION 13 Luther 13 Sinful Self-Righteousness: Bultmann 16 The "Missing Premise": No One Can Keep the Law 18 Summary 20 THE "NEW PERSPECTIVE ON PAUL": AN EMERGING CONSENSUS? 23 E. P. Sanders 23 Response to Sanders 28 James D. G. Dunn: "Works of Law" and "Boundary Markers" 30 Response from the Traditional Reformation Position: Gundry, Westerholm, Thielman 33 Summary: Problems Remaining 39 ALTERNATIVES 45 John M. G. Barclay: Identity and Behavior 46 J. Louis Martyn: Apocalyptic Antinomies 49 CHAPTER 3. SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS OF RECENT SCHOLARSHIP: PAUL'S USE OF SCRIPTURE 57 GENERAL APPROACHES TO PAUL'S USE OF SCRIPTURE 57 The Mechanics of Citation: Paul as Quoter of Scripture 58 The Hermeneutics of Citation: Paul as Interpreter of Scripture 61 EFFORTS TO DEAL WITH TENSIONS: PAUL'S USE OF SCRIPTURE IN GALATIANS 3:1-14 65 Tension Between Paul's Argument and the Citations 66 Two "Standard" Solutions 67 Other Solutions 74 Tension Between Citations 79 The Problem: Contradictory Citations 79 Two "Standard" Solutions 80 Solutions from Historical / Cultural Antecedents 89 The Citations as Evidence for Pauline Inconsistency? 93 CONCLUSIONS 94 CHAPTER 4. INTERTEXTUALITY 99 A BRIEF SYNOPSIS OF INTERTEXTUALITY 100 Theory 100 Practice: Problems and Limitations 104 Limiting the Scope 104 Observations 112 Intertextuality in Biblical Studies 114 Echoes of Scripture: Richard Hays 114 Intertextuality and Midrash: Daniel Boyarin 117 Short Intertextual Studies on Paul: Keesmat, Jervis, Jobes 119 Analysis 121 INTERTEXTUALITY AND GALATIANS 3: SELECTED INSIGHTS AND METHODS 122 Limiting the Scope of the Investigation 122 Selected Methods 124 CHAPTER 5. UNGRAMMATICALITIES AND PRESUPPOSITIONS IN GALATIANS 3:1-14 133 STRUCTURE AND FORM 134 The Chiastic Structure of the Citations 134 Significance of the Chiastic Structure 139 The Citations as the Framework of Paul's Argument 139 Metaleptic Ungrammaticality: Blessing, Curse, Life, and . . . ? 144 Summary 146 PRESUPPOSED INTERTEXTS 147 The Role of Scripture in Paul's Argument 148 Authority and Applicability 149 Citation as Proof, Premise, or Conclusion 153 Presuppositions of Contrast: ZÈsetai as the "Hinge-Point" of the Argument 169 Summary 173 "UNGRAMMATICALITIES" AND THE MATRIX OF MEANING 174 Leviticus 18:5 and Habakkuk 2:4: Scripture Against Scripture 176 Deuteronomy 27:26: The Threat of the Curse 179 Loose Ends and Implications: Redemption and Righteousness 183 SUMMARY: A READING OF GAL 3:1-14 187 CHAPTER 6. CONCLUSION: IMPLICATIONS FOR ISSUES IN PAULINE THEOLOGY 191 PAUL AND THE LAW 192 What Is Wrong with the Law? 192 What Is the Place of the Law in the Ongoing Life of the Christian? 196 Law in General, or the Torah Specifically? 199 LIVING IN THE SPIRIT: A PRACTICAL ETHIC? 201 Living by the Spirit: Inadequate Answers 201 Living in the Spirit 204 TASKS REMAINING 206 CONCLUSION 208 APPENDIX. `OTI . . . DHLON . . . `OTI IN HELLENISTIC LITERATURE 209 BIBLIOGRAPHY 217
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Bible, N, T, Galatians III, 1-14 Relation to the Old Testament, Bible, O, T, Quotations in the New Testament, Bible, O, T, Relation to Galatians, Paul, the Apostle, Saint Views on Jewish law, Law and gospel Biblical teaching