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CONTENTS Foreword xi James A. Ramage Acknowledgments xv PART I: SETTING THE STAGE--CIVILIAN ASPECTS OF PHARMACY DURING THE CIVIL WAR Chapter 1. Civil War Pharmacy and Medicine: Comparisons 3 and Contexts The Historiography of Civil War Pharmacy American Pharmacy and Medicine at Mid Century Pharmacy and Medicine in the Civil War: An Overview The Role of Disease Chapter 2. The State of Pharmacy in America, 1861 25 Education Manufacturing Community Practice Southern Medicine and Pharmacy Summary Chapter 3. Angels of Mercy: Women and Civil War 49 Pharmacy The Women's Role: "A Call to Plain Positive Duty" The United States Sanitary Commission Women in the South Women and Civil War Pharmacy: An Appraisal PART II: PHARMACY IN THE UNION Chapter 4. The Principals: Medical Purveyors and Hospital 79 Stewards Official Duties and Responsibilities of Medical Purveyors Official Duties and Responsibilities of Hospital Stewards Rank and Status of Medical Purveyors and Hospital Stewards 87 Chapter 5. The Supplies: Drug Distribution 93 and Manufacturing Drug Acquisition and Supply: Organizational and Operational Aspects Free Enterprise Joins the War: Civilian Suppliers The Laboratories Chapter 6. The Medicines: A Military Materia Medica 119 and Therapeutics The Ailments The Substances Prescribing and Dispensing in Camp and Hospital Unit and Patient Case Studies Chapter 7. The Remedies of Choice--Calomel 153 and Quinine The Mastodon Unharnessed Quinine: "Always and Everywhere" The Quinine Market Summary PART III: PHARMACY IN THE CONFEDERCY Chapter 8. Administration 183 Civilian Aspects of Confederate Pharmacy Administration 183 185 Medical Purveyors and Hospital Stewards 190 Administrative Aspects of Supply and Drug Provision Chapter 9. Fighting More with Less 199 Disease in the Confederacy The Blockade The Supply Table The Laboratories Fighting More With Less: An Appraisal Chapter 10. The Materia Medica 227 Prescribing and Dispensing in Camp, Hospital, and Home 227 236 Wartime Shortages Take Their Toll 240 The Medicines of the South: An Appraisal Epilogue. "The Consciousness of Duty Faithfully Performed": An Appraisal of Civil War Pharmacy The Impact of the War Conclusion Appendix A. Union and Confederate Standard Supply Tables Appendix B. Circular No. 6 Appendix C. How to Read and Fill a Civil War Prescription A Glossary of Latin Phrases and Approximate Measures Excerpt from The Hospital Steward's Manual, 1862 Appendix D. Circular No. 3 Appendix E. A Materia Medica for the South: A Selected List of Medicinal Substances from Porcher's Resources of the Southern Fields and Forests Appendix F. Some Common Prescriptions of the Civil War Period Including the Basic Syrups with Monographs on the Principal Substances: Alcohol, Cinchona, Hydrargyrum (Mercury), Opium, and Quinine Common Prescriptions Basic Syrups Alcohol Hydrargyrum (Mercury) Cinchona Opium Quinine and Its Salts Notes Bibliographical Essay Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: United States History Civil War, 1861-1865 Medical care, Pharmacy United States History 19th century, Medicine, Military United States History 19th century, Pharmacy history United States, History of Medicine, 19th Cent, United States, Military Medicine history United States