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Contents Contributors Acknowledgements Editors' Introduction Part 1: Introduction and Overview 1. Regulation of GM Crops: Shaping an International Regime Robert L. Paarlberg, Raymond Hopkins and Lisa Ladewski Part 2: Evolving Regulation Systems 2. The Evolving GMO Food Trade Policy Debate: Towards a Global Regulatory Regime? Philip Katz, Penny Macdonald and Gordon Mackenzie 3. International Proposals to Regulate Intellectual Property Rights in Plant Genetic Resources Michael Blakeney 4. GM Food Labelling: Global Policy Polarization Lydia Zepeda 5. Conflict and Consensus-Building: International Commercial Policy and Agricultural Biotechnology Jill E. Hobbs, J. D. Gaisford, Grant Isaac, William A. Kerr and Kurt K. Klein 6. The Rationale behind WTO Agreements and Agricultural GMO Controversy Roberto Esposti and Alessandro Sorrentino 7. Trade Restrictions on Genetically Engineered Foods: The Application of the TBT Agreement Dirk Heumueller and Tim Josling Part 3: Regulation and Innovation 8. Environmental Liability and Research and Development in Biotechnology: A Real Options Approach Odin Knudsen and Pasquale L. Scandizzo 9. Should the Public Sector Conduct Genomics R&D? Answar Naseem and James F. Oehmke 10. The Case for Differentiated Appropriability in Intellectual Property Rights for Plant Varieties Derek Eaton and Frank van Tongeren 11. Biotechnology and Developing Countries: The Struggle over Intellectual Property Rights and Implications for Biodiversity Conservation Ottavio Janni 12. Intellectual Property Strategy in the Context of Inter-Organizational Relations: The Case of International Agricultural Research Eran Binenbaum and Philip G. Pardey Part 4: Regulations, Market Structures and Innovation 13. R&D Incentives for GM Seeds: Restricted Monopoly, Nonmarket Effects and Regulation Robert D. Weaver 14. Agricultural Biotech R&D Structure: Cyclical or Not? James F. Oehmke, Christopher A. Wolf, Kellie C. Raper, and Anwar Naseem 15. The Innovation System in Agro-Food Biotechnology, is it European? Klaus Menrad and Thomas Reiss 16. How Firm Characteristics Influence Innovative Activity in Agricultural Biotechnology Cassandra Klotz-Ingram, David Schimmelpfennig, Anwar Naseem, John King and Carl Pray Part 5: Regulation and Market Development 17. Dynamic Pricing of Genetically Modified Crop Traits Richard Perrin and Lilyan Fulginiti 18. Identity Preservation, Segregation and Traceability: Marketplace Features and Uses Stuart Smyth and Peter W. P. Phillips 19. Segmentation of GMO and non-GMO Soybean Markets under Identity Preservation Costs and Government Price Supports Troy G. Schmitz, Charles B. Moss and Andrew Schmitz 20. EU Traceability and the US Soybean Sector Gregory K. Price, Fred Kuchler and Barry Krissoff 21. Segregation of Non-biotech Corn and Soybeans: Who Bears the Cost? William Lin and D. Demcey Johnson Part 6: Economic Impacts 22. Future impact of new technologies : three scenarios, their competence gaps and research implications Hanne Harmsen 23. Ex Ante Welfare Effects of Agricultural Biotechnology in the European Union: The Case of Transgenic Herbicide Tolerant Sugar Beets Matty Demont and Eric Tollens 24. The Economic Impacts of Agricultural Biotechnology on International Trade, Consumers, and Producers : the Case of Corn and Soybeans in the USA Andrew P. Barkley Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Agricultural biotechnology Law and legislation, Agricultural biotechnoloy Research