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Contents Acknowledgements How to use this Book Chronology: Significant Dates and Events Introduction 1. SOME HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL CONTEXTS OF 20TH CENTURY AMERICAN POETRY The Romantic Legacy and the Genteel Tradition Transatlantic Connections Tradition, and the Rise of the Universities Rebellion in the Fifties and Sixties: The Two Anthologies The Poetry of Change 2. WRITERS Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869-1935) Robert Frost (1874-1963) Carl Sandburg (1878-1967) Wallace Stevens (1879-1955) William Carlos Williams (1883-1963) Ezra Pound (1885-1972) H.D. (1886-1961) Robinson Jeffers (1887-1962) Marianne Moore (1887-1972) T.S. Eliot (1888-1965) John Crowe Ransom (1888-1974) Claude McKay (1889-1948) E.E. Cummings (1894-1962) Hart Crane (1899-1933) Langston Hughes (1902-1967) Louis Zukofsky (1904-1978) Robert Penn Warren (1905-1989) George Oppen (1908-1984) Theodore Roethke (1908-1963) Charles Olson (1910-1970) Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979) John Berryman (1914-1972) Robert Lowell (1917-1977) Gwendolyn Brooks (1917-2000) Robert Duncan (1919-1987) Richard Wilbur (b. 1921) Denise Levertov (1923-1997) James Dickey (1923-1997) A.R. Ammons (1926-2001) Allen Ginsberg (1926-1997) Robert Creeley (b. 1926) Frank O'Hara (1926-1966) James Merrill (1926-1995) John Ashbery (b. 1927) Galway Kinnell (b. 1927) W.S. Merwin (b. 1927) Anne Sexton (1928-1974) Adrienne Rich (b. 1929) Gary Snyder (b. 1930) Sylvia Plath (1932-1966) Amiri Baraka (b. 1934) Sonia Sanchez (b. 1934) Audre Lorde (1934-1992) Susan Howe (b. 1937) Louise Gluck (b. 1943) Jorie Graham (b. 1951) Gary Soto (b. 1952) Rita Dove (b. 1952) 3. KEY TEXTS Ezra Pound, ed. Des Imagistes (1914) Robert Frost, North of Boston (1914) Edwin Arlington Robinson, The Man Against the Sky (1916) T.S. Eliot, The Waste Land (1922) Claude McKay, Harlem Shadows (1922) William Carlos Williams, Spring and All (1923) Wallace Stevens, Harmonium (1923) Marianne Moore, Observations (1924) Hart Crane, The Bridge (1930) Theodore Roethke, The Lost Son and Other Poems (1948) Elizabeth Bishop, North & South(1946) Ezra Pound, The Pisan Cantos (1948) Allen Ginsberg, Howl and Other Poems (1956) Robert Lowell, Life Studies (1959) Donald Allen, ed. The New American Poetry (1960) Sylvia Plath, Ariel (1965) John Berryman, The Dream Songs (1969) Amiri Baraka, Black Magic: Poetry 1961-1967 (1969) Anne Sexton, Transformations (1971) John Ashbery, Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror (1976) James Merrill The Changing Light at Sandover (1977-82) Galway Kinnell, The Book of Nightmares (1978) Adrienne Rich, The Dream of a Common Language (1978) Carolyn Forche, The Country Between Us (1981) Rita Dove, Thomas and Beulah (1986) 4. TOPICS 20th Century American Poetry and the other Arts Continuities and Nationality in 20th Century American Poetry American Poetry and a Century of Wars The 20th Century American Long Poem Anthologies: Polemical and Historical Guide to Further Reading Index
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: American poetry 20th century History and criticism