Table of contents for Homeopathy : how it really works / by Jay W. Shelton.


Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog. Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication information provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Acknowledgements	7
Photo Credits	7
Introduction? Preface? Overview?	7
Two Cases	9
Dr. Hahnemann and the Law of Similars	10
The Single Remedy D the Simillimum	11
Minimum Dose, Potentization, and the Importance of Succussion	11
What Kinds of Ailments Can Homeopathy Treat?	12
Homeopathy Treats the Person, Not the Disease	13
Remedy Sources	13
Sidebar: Not All Remedies Come from Herbs and Flowers	15
Remedy Preparation	17
Potencies	20
How Remedies Are Identified and Characterized¥Provings	21
Materia Medica	22
Self-Prescribing Versus Consulting a Professional Homeopath	24
Taking the Case	24
Repertory	26
Selecting the Remedy D the Simillimum	28
Follow-up	29
Theory of Human Health D The Vital Force	29
Sidebar: The Vital Force: A Controversial Concept	30
2. Types of Homeopathy D Commonalities and Contradictions	32
Major Forms of Homeopathy	33
Less Common Practices Associated with Homeopathy	34
Sidebar: The Doctrine of Signatures	35
Peripheral Techniques in Homeopathy	37
Sidebar: Combination versus Single Remedies	39
Commonalities and Discussion	40
Sidebar: Why are Controversies Within Homeopathy So Intense and Long-lived?	41
3. Remedy Potency	43
Remedies Do Not Need Their Molecules	43
Sidebar: Dilution and Basic Physics	44
How Can Remedies With No Medicinal Molecules Work?	45
Proposed Theories	45
Plausibility	47
Non-Clinical Evidence For Activity of Non-Molecular Solutions	47
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance	48
Benveniste	49
Water Memory	51
Thoughts on Succussion	52
Why Dilute Past 12C and 24X?	54
Conclusion	54
4. Provings	55
Internal and External Realities	55
Is It Plausible That Provings Should Produce Symptoms?	57
Evidence On the Causes of Provings Symptoms	58
Which Symptoms Are Caused by the Remedy?	58
Examples of Symptoms Attributed to Remedies	60
Use of PatientsO and ProversO Own Words in Reporting Symptoms	60
Extraordinary Time Specificity	63
Proving Symptoms Can Come In Opposites	66
Asymmetries	67
Symptoms Do Not Come Easily	68
Remedy Mental Associations	69
Prover Sensitivity	71
Sidebar: Sensitivity and Gender Equity	72
How Provings Should Be Conducted	73
Control Group	74
Number of Provers and Statistical Significance	74
Blind and Double-Blind Procedures	76
Selecting the Provers	78
Duration of Observations	78
Dose Response	78
Summary and Conclusion	79
5. Selecting the Remedy	82
The Process	83
Consistency Testing	84
Obsession with the Simillimum	85
How Close Is Close Enough? Why IsnOt Homeopathic Effectiveness Increasing?	87
Conclusion¥Does It Matter If Homeopaths Disagree about the Remedy?	89
6. Administering the Remedy	90
Selecting the Potency	90
How Critical Is Potency? Why IsnOt Potency More Critical?	93
Dose Size D Physical Form and Amount	95
Dose Frequency and Number of Repetitions	98
Minimum Dose	98
Storing the Remedy	99
Taking the Remedy	101
Does It Matter How the Remedy Gets Into the Patient?	104
Conclusion	104
7. Following the PatientOs Progress	104
Aggravation	105
Remedy Storage and Handling	107
Antidoting Due to Patient Actions	107
Sidebar: WhoOs Right D the Americans or the Europeans?	108
Inadvertent Provings	110
HeringOs Laws	110
Sidebar: Safety and Side Effects	114
Suppression	116
Sidebar: Is suppression serious? Is it common?	117
Health-Caused Symptoms	117
Partial or Temporary Improvement	118
Minor Aggravation Simultaneous With General Cure	118
Miasms	119
Sidebar: Miasm Theory: The Core of Homeopathy or an Outdated Concept?	119
Additional Homeopathic Reasons for Lack of Patient Response	120
Conclusion	121
8. Non-Remedy Healing Mechanisms	122
Unassisted Natural Healing	123
The Spaghetti Effect D An Unrecognized Factor	123
Statistical Healing D Regression to the Mean	123
Non-Homeopathic Treatments	124
Cessation of Uncomfortable or Harmful Treatments	125
Lifestyle-Assisted Healing	126
Placebo-Assisted Healing	126
Sidebar: Measuring the placebo response	128
Psychological Healing	130
Conclusion	131
9. The Essentials of Good Theories	133
The Essentials of Good Theories	133
Explanations	133
Predictions	133
Consistency	134
Falsifiability	135
Simplicity	136
Some Additional Tools for Arriving at External Reality	137
Get Independent Confirmation of Facts	137
Do Not Trust Authority	137
Consider Multiple Hypotheses	137
Sidebar: Examples of Alternative Hypotheses Not Considered	138
Do Not Become Emotionally Attached to One Hypothesis	138
Quantify	138
Further Examples of Falsifiability Problems	139
Undetectable by definition	139
Patient Sensitivity	139
Similarity of a Remedy	140
The Deepness of a Remedy	140
Sidebar: The Law of Similars: What Is the Evidence? How Sound Is the Theory?
	140
Sidebar: Was Hahnemann Scientific?	143
Conclusion	145
10. Cured Cases D Reliable Data?	145
Three Typical Homeopathic Cases	145
Reliance on Cases Is Not Unique to Homeopathy	147
Revigators	147
Therapeutic Radium Mines	148
Analysis of Two Homeopathic Cases	149
Reporting Bias and Other Shortcomings	150
Conclusion	151
11. Clinical Effectiveness Testing D The Bottom Line	152
Extraordinary Claims Require Extraordinary Proof	152
Possible Reasons for Getting Better After Treatment	152
Elements of Good Clinical Testing	153
Overview of Clinical Trials on Remedy Effectiveness	157
Meta-analyses	158
Results	158
Clinical Significance	163
Sidebar: Inappropriate Data Included in Meta-Analyses	164
ProponentsO Comments on Negative Trials	164
Sidebar: Individualization Is Not All Good	166
SkepticsO Comments on Positive Trials	167
Comments on Clinical Evidence on Remedy Effectiveness	168
Reconciling Clinical Trials with HomeopathsO Clinical Experience	170
What Should We Be Testing?	170
12. Animals, Babies, Epidemics, and Vaccinations	171
Animals and Babies	172
Sidebar: An apparent contradiction	173
Historical Epidemics	174
Sidebar: Should Homeopathic Remedies Work Because They Are Like Vaccinations?
	176
Homeopathic Vaccination	176
13. The Homeopathic Fringe or Leading Edge?	177
Grafting	178
Witchcraft	178
It Does Not Matter How or Even If Remedies Are Taken	178
Provings without Taking the Remedy	182
Family Matters	184
Synchronous Phenomena	185
Paleontology	185
Music Remedies	186
Automobile First Aid	187
Some Interesting Remedies	187
Conventional Medicine and Licensing	191
Conclusion	191
14. Summary, the Mechanisms of Misperception, and Conclusions	192
Summary of Evidence that Most Homeopathic Remedies Are Inactive	193
It Can Appear That the Remedies Are Responsible Even If They Are Not	196
1. Homeopathy Often Does Help Even If the Remedies Are Not the Cause	196
2. Correlation Seems like Causation	197
3. Dosage Protocol Creates Appearance of Cause	197
4. Getting Worse Is Sometimes Counted As Getting Better	198
Misunderstanding of Science Contributes to Misperception	198
Lack of Recognition of External Reality as Separate from Internal Reality
	199
Excessive Faith in Cases	199
Patient Satisfaction	199
How Is Not Needed to Determine If	199
Mistrust of Clinical Trials	200
Lack of Appreciation of Falsifiable Theories	200
What about the Miraculous Cures?	200
Quantum Mechanics, Relativity, and Chaos	201
Science Cannot Yet Explain Homeopathy	201
Homeopathy Already Is Scientific	201
ClosedDMindedness and Conspiracy Theories	202
Reliance on Authority	203
Psychological Factors in Misperception	203
Desire D Patients Want Homeopathy to Be Valid	203
The Habits of Mind of Professional Homeopaths	205
Belief Breeds More Belief	206
Misperceptions Are Common	206
If Homeopathic Remedies Do Not Work, Then Would Some Health-Care and Health-
Insurance Companies Cover Homeopathy?	206
Why Would Medical Schools Teach and Do Research on Homeopathy if the Remedies Do 
Not Work?	207
The Future	207
Postscript	209
Appendix 1: Some Remedy Preparation Details	209
Appendix 2: Molecules Remaining in Dilute Remedies	211
Appendix 3: Water Clusters	214
Appendix 4: Purity and Contamination	216
Appendix 5: The Multitude of Procedures for Selecting the Remedy	219
Remedy Selection Based Largely on the Law of Similars and the Totality of 
Symptoms D Classical Homeopathy	219
Symptoms at the Exact Time of the Case Taking	219
Which Symptoms Happen to Be Mentioned During Interview	219
Selection of a Subset of Symptoms	219
Repertory Selection¥Which database?	220
Flat (or Neutral) Analysis	221
Symptom Ranking	221
Power of Remedy to Induce or Cure Each Symptom	221
Small versus Large Remedies	221
Multiple Simultaneous Approaches	222
Fitting	222
Other Remedy Selection Methods	222
Doctrine of Signatures	222
Etiology	223
Remedy Families, Classes, Kingdoms, and Other Groupings	223
Themes	224
Primary Physical Complaint	224
Constitutional Prescribing	224
The Central Delusion	225
Multiple Diseases, Layers, and Miasms	225
Unusual Remedy Selection Methods	226
Additional Remedy Selection Issues and Complications	226
Patient Compensation	226
Acute Exacerbation of a Chronic Condition	226
Cross-Cultural Errors	226
Follow-Up Remedies and Remedy Relationships	227
Conclusion	228
Glossary	231
 

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Homeopathy, Homeopathy methods, Holistic Health, Materia Medica therapeutic use