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List of Tables and Figures vii Preface to theSecond Edition viii Acknowledgments ix Introduction 1 1 Environmental Ethics 10 A Context for Study and Action; The Global Background; International Efforts to Healo the Planet; Ecoethics; Case Studies in Ecoethics: Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Gasses. Tropical Rainforest Destruction, The Nuclear Winter, Environmental Justice 2 Ecophilosophy 34 Shallow, Deep and Deepest Ecology; Ecofeminism: Women, Men and Nature; Alternative Approaches to Environmental Ethics 3. Theories of Justice 46 General Principles in Ethics; Theories of Justice in the Past; Modern Theories of Justice; Actors in the Modern Ethical Debate 4 World Order Imperatives 70 Global Poverty and Structural Adjustment; International Debt and Underdevelopment; The Poverty/Ecology Connection; Rights and Just Expectations; The Nature of Security in the Modern World; The Peace Equation 5 The Moral Demand for the Biological Steady State 92 The Pros and Cons of the Sustainability Debate; The Two Faces of Scarcity; Biological ethics and thermodynamics. 6 Economics as if Nature Matters 115 Overlapping Environmental Disruptions; Contending Economic Approaches; Dilemmas of Political Economy; New Economic Orders 7 Bioethical Limits to Scientific Inquiry 136 The Militarization of science; The Limits of science; Science, Systems, and Nature. 8 Genetic Engineering 155 The History and the Science of Recombinant DNA; Controlling Recombinant Research in the Laboratory; From the Laboratory to the Fields;.Molecules and the Military; Patents Pending; Science for People or Science for Profit.; Policy and Regulation. 9. Unnatural Connections: Dilemmas of Biotechnology 184 The Human Genome Project; Down on the Farm with Genetic Engineering; The Confusion Over Corn; Policy and Regulation; Two Centuries in Reproductive System Research 10 Genetic Counseling 208 Genetic Screening: The identification of Genetic Disease; Molecular Genetics and Medicine;The Gene Hunt; Pre-natal Screening Programs; Abortion Dilemmas in Genetic Diagnosis; Fertilization In-vitro; The Nature of Abnormality 11 Bioethics I: The Rights of People 234 Health Care and Medical Allocations; The U. S. Health-care System.; Distributive Justice; Who Gets What? 12 Bioethics II: Staying in Control 253 Informed Consent Throughout History; The Rights of Patients; The Right to Live or Die 13 The Selfish Gene 275 Sociobiology; Alternative Evolutionary Theories; Evolution and Ethics; Towards an Evolutionary Ethic 14 The Social Sources of Environmental Values 301 The Person/Society Influences; Student Reflections on Values 15 Ecoethics and Modern War 318 Just War Theory Revisited; Selective Opposition to War; The Dilemma of Nuclear War; Just War Options Today 16 All God's Creatures 342 Moral Rights for Animals? Animal Experimentation; Animals for Food; All Flesh is Grass. 17 Perspectives on Environmental Change 364 American Environmental History; The Environmental Movement; Reagan-Clinton/Bush Era Environmentalism; The Ideological Rifts; The Global Movement of the Greens; The Labor-Health-Environmental Connection; A Concluding Unscientific Postscript. The Seven of Pentacles by Marge Piercy 394 Supplementary Reading Lists 395 About the Author
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Environmental ethics, Environmental policy, Economic development Environmental aspects