Table of contents for Constitutional law for a changing America. A short course / Lee Epstein, Thomas G. Walker.

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Table of Contents
Preface
	
I	THE U.S. CONSTITUTION 1	
	AN INTRODUCTION TO THE U.S. CONSTITUTION 3	
	The Road to the U.S. Constitution 3 	
	Underlying Principles of the Constitution 7
	
1.	THE LIVING CONSTITUTION 11 	
	The Amendment Process 14 	
	The Supreme Court and the Living Constitution 15	
	READINGS 19
2.	UNDERSTANDING THE SUPREME COURT 20	
	The Processing of Supreme Court Cases 20	
	Supreme Court Decision Making: The Role of Law 30
	Supreme Court Decision Making: The Role of Politics 38	
	Conducting Research on the Supreme Court 47	
	READINGS 49	
II	INSTITUTIONAL AUTHORITY 51	
	STRUCTURING THE FEDERAL SYSTEM 53	
	The Origins of the Separation of Powers/Checks and 
	Balances System 53	
	Separation of Powers and the Constitution 54	
	
	
3.	THE JUDICIARY 57	
	The Establishment of the Federal Judiciary 57	
	Judicial Review 61	
		Marbury v. Madison (1803) 61	
	Constraints on Judicial Power 71	
		Ex Parte McCardle (1869) 71	
	READINGS 81
	
4.	THE LEGISLATURE 82	
	Article I: Historical Overview 82	
	Members of Congress: Qualifications, Immunity, and 
	Discipline 85	
		U.S. Term Limits v. Thornton (1995) 88	
	The Sources and Scope of Legislative Powers 97	
		McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) 98	
		United States v. Curtiss-Wright Export Corp. 
		(1936) 109
	Congress and the Separation of Powers 112
		Mistretta v. United States (1989) 114	
		Immigration and Naturalization Service v. 
	Chadha (1983) 117	
	READINGS 121
	
5.	THE EXECUTIVE 122	
	Selection and Formal Powers 122	
	The Domestic Powers of the President 127	
		Clinton v. City of New York (1998) 130	
		United States v. Nixon (1974) 136	
		Clinton v. Jones (1997) 143
	The President and Foreign Affairs 146
		Korematsu v. United States (1944) 154
		Youngstown Sheet & Tube Company v. Sawyer 
		(1952) 159
		Hamdi v. Rumsfeld (2004) 163	
	READINGS 170
	
III	NATION-STATE RELATIONS 171	
	AN INTRODUCTION TO NATION-STATE RELATIONS 173	
	The Framers and Federalism 174	
	The Allocation of Government Power 175
	
6.	FEDERALISM 179	
	The Marshall Court and the Rise of National Supremacy 179	
		McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) 180	
	The Taney Court and the (Re)Emergence of States' 
	Rights 184	
	Dual Federalism and Laissez-Faire Economics 188	
		Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918) 188	
	The (Re)Emergence of National Supremacy: Cooperative 
	Federalism 192	
		United States v. Darby Lumber (1941) 192	
		Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit 
		Authority (1985) 194	
	The Return of Dual Federalism 198	
		Printz v. United States (1997) 199	
	READINGS 204
	
7.	THE COMMERCE POWER 205	
	Constitutional Foundations of the Commerce Power 205
		Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) 207	
	Defining Interstate Commerce 212
	The Supreme Court, the New Deal, and Beyond 215	
		Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (1935) 219	
		National Labor Relations Board v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation (1937) 225
		United States v. Lopez (1995) 233	
	Regulating Commerce as a Federal Police Power 238	
		Heart of Atlanta Motel v. United States (1964) 240	
	The Commerce Power of the States 242	
		Cooley v. Board of Wardens (1852) 243	
	READINGS 248
	
8.	THE POWER TO TAX AND SPEND 249	
	The Constitutional Power to Tax and Spend 249
	Direct Taxes and the Power to Tax Income 251
		Pollock v. Farmers' Loan and Trust Co. (1895) 254
	Intergovernmental Tax Immunity 259
	Taxation as a Regulatory Power 261	
	Taxing and Spending for the General Welfare 263	
		South Dakota v. Dole (1987) 265	
	READINGS 267
	
IV	ECONOMIC LIBERTIES 269
	ECONOMIC LIBERTIES AND INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS 271
	
9.	THE CONTRACT CLAUSE 275	
	The Framers and the Contract Clause 275	
	John Marshall and the Contract Clause 277
	The Decline of the Contract Clause 281	
			Proprietors of Charles River Bridge v. Proprietors of Warren Bridge (1837) 281
		Home Building and Loan Association v. Blaisdell (1934) 287	
	Contemporary Applications of the Contract Clause 290	
	READINGS 291	
10. Economic Substantive Due Process 292
	The Development of Substantive Due Process 293
	The Roller Coaster Ride of Substantive Due Process: 1898-1923 298
 Lochner v. New York 299
	The Heyday of Substantive Due Process: 1923-1936 306	
 Adkins v. Children's Hospital 306
The Depression, the New Deal, and the Decline of Substantive Due Process 309
		West Coast Hotel v. Parrish 310
		The Aftermath ofWest Coast Hotel 313
	READINGS 314
11.	THE TAKINGS CLAUSE 315	
	Protecting Private Property from Government Seizure 315	
	What Constitutes a Taking? 317	
		Penn Central Transportation Company v. City of 
		New York (1978) 318	
	The Public Use Requirement 322	
		Hawaii Housing Authority v. Midkiff (1984) 323	
	Resurrecting the Takings Clause 325	
		Lucas v. South Carolina Coastal Council 327
		(1992)	
	READINGS 331
V.	CIVIL LIBERTIES 333
	APPROACHING CIVIL LIBERTIES 333
12.	RELIGION: EXERCISE AND ESTABLISHMENT 337
	Free Exercise of Religion 338
		Sherbert v. Verner (1963) 342
		Employment Division, Department of Human Resources of Oregon v. Smith (1990) 348
	Religious Establishment 358
		Lemon v. Kurtzman and Earley v. DiCenso (1971) 364
		Zelman v. Simmons-Harris (2002) 370
		School District of Abington Township v. Schempp and Murray v. Curlett (1963) 383
		READINGS 392
13.	FREEDOM OF SPEECH, ASSEMBLY, AND ASSOCIATION 393
	The Development of Legal Standards: The Emergence of 
	Law in Times of Crisis 393
		Schenck v. United States (1919) 395
	Regulating Expression: Content and Contexts 408
		Texas v. Johnson (1989) 413
		Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire (1942) 419
		R.A.V. v. City of St. Paul, Minnesota (1992) 423
		West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnette (1943) 430
		Expressive Association
		 Boy Scouts of America v. Dale (2000)436
	READINGS 440
14.	FREEDOM OF THE PRESS 441	
	Prior Restraint 442
		Near v. Minnesota (1931) 442
	The Media and Special Rights 449
		Branzburg v. Hayes (1972) 450
	The Boundaries of Free Press: Obscenity and Libel 456
		Miller v. California (1973) 460
		New York Times v. Sullivan (1964) 466
	New Methods of Expression: The Internet 474
		Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union (1997) 475
	READINGS 480
15.	THE RIGHT TO PRIVACY 481
	The Right to Privacy: Foundations 481
		Griswold v. Connecticut (1965) 483
	Reproductive Freedom and the Right to Privacy 489
		Roe v. Wade (1973) 491
	Private Activities and the Application of Griswold 509
Lawrence v. Texas (2003) 511
Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health (1990) 518
	READINGS 524
VI.	THE RIGHTS OF THE CRIMINALLY ACCUSED 525
	THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AND CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS 527
	Overview of The Criminal Justice System 527
	Trends in Court Decision Making 531
16.	INVESTIGATIONS AND EVIDENCE 533
	Searches and Seizures 533
		Mapp v. Ohio (1961) 538
		United States v. Leon (1984) 545
	The Fifth Amendment and Self-Incrimination 549
		Miranda v. Arizona (1966) 552
	READINGS 561
17.	ATTORNEYS, TRAILS, AND PUNISHMENTS 562
	The Right to Counsel 562
		Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) 565
	Fair Trials 569
	Sentencing and the Eighth Amendment 572
		Gregg v. Georgia (1976) 574
		Atkins v. Virginia (2002) 582
	Post-Trial Stages 588
	READINGS 588
VII.	CIVIL RIGHTS
	CIVIL RIGHTS AND THE CONSTITUTION
	The Fourteenth Amendment
		Discrimination
		State Action
	The Fifteenth Amendment
	Congressional Enforcement of Civil Rights
18.	DISCRIMINATION
	Racial Discrimination
		Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
		 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954)
	Sex Discrimination
		Reed v. Reed (1971)
		 Craig v. Boren (1976)
	Economic Discrimination
		San Antonio Independent School District v. 
		Rodriguez (1973)
	Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation
		Romer v. Evans (1996)
	Remedying the Effects of Discrimination: Affirmative 
	Action
		Grutter v. Bollinger (2003)
	READINGS
19.	Voting and Representation
	The Supreme Court and Elections
		Bush v. Gore (2000)
	Voting Rights
		State Restrictions on Voting
		The Voting Rights Act of 1965
		South Carolina v. Katzenbach (1966)
	Regulation of Election Campaigns
		McConnell v. Federal Election Commission (2003)
	Political Representation
		The Reapportionment Controversy
		Reynolds v. Sims (1964)
		Political Representation and 
Minority Rights
Miller v. Johnson (1995)
	READINGS
Reference Manual
	Constitution of the United States
	Federalist Paper, No. 78
	U.S. Presidents
	Thumbnail Sketch of the Supreme Court's History
The Justices
Natural Courts
Supreme Court Calendar
Briefing Supreme Court Cases
Glossary
Online Case Archive Index
Case Index
Subject Index
Illustration Credits

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Constitutional law -- United States.
Civil rights -- United States.
Judicial process -- United States.