Table of contents for Psychology / Miles Hewstone and Frank F. Fincham with Jonathan Foster.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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Contents
Preface
Learning Features
Web Ancillaries
1 The Science of Psychology
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Pinning down Psychology
Psychology and Common Sense: The Grandmother Challenge
Putting common sense to the test
 Explaining human behaviour
The Beginnings of Modern Psychology
 Philosophical influences
 Physiological influences
Psychology Today
 Structuralism: mental chemistry
 Functionalism: mental accomplishment
 Behaviourism: a totally objective psychology
 Gestalt psychology: making connections
 Out of school: the independents
 The cognitive revolution
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
2 Methodology
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Some Fundamentals 
 Research methods and statistics
 Carrying out quality research
 The role of theory in psychology
Designing Experiments in Psychology
 What can we measure? 
 A rundown on research methods
 Experiment vs. survey
 Which is the best method to use?
 Deciding what to manipulate
 Deciding what to measure
 Different ways of measuring
 Producing reliable results
Statistics in Psychology
 Samples and populations ? sorting out the jargon
 How can we confidently generalize our results?
 Finding out if our results are remarkable
 Judging whether two variables are related
 Describing numerical results
 Understanding correlation
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
3 The Nervous System
Learning Objectives
Introduction
How Your Brain Plays Tennis
	Deceptively simple ?
	? immensely complex
Components of the Nervous System
	The support and structure of neurons
	The peripheral nervous system
	The central nervous system
	Regions within the brain
	The structure of the human brain
Neural Interaction
	What do neurons look like?
 Electrical activity
 Neurotransmission
 Neurons as integrators
 Disrupting the system
 Inhibitory neurotransmission
 Further intricacies
 Experience as a modifier
The Growth of the Central Nervous System
	Neonatal brain development
	Can we repair damaged brains?
 Modular processing
Final Thoughts
Summary 
Further Reading
4 Learning
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Classical Conditioning
	Pavlov?s dogs
	Other examples of conditioned responses
	Associative analysis
	The importance of classical conditioning
Instrumental Learning
	Thorndike?s cats
	The Skinner box
	The law of effect
	Control of performance
	The importance of instrumental learning
The Principles of Association Formation
	Contiguity and predictiveness
	Selective association formation
Non-associative Learning
	Responding to a single stimulus
	Spatial learning
	Discrimination learning
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
5 Motivation
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Hunger and the Control of Food Intake
	Peripheral factors
	Control signals
	How the brain controls eating
	A matter of taste
	Taste + smell = flavour
	Functions involved in eating
	Obesity ? possible factors
Thirst and the Control of Drinking
	Cellular dehydration
	Extracellular thirst stimuli
	Control of normal drinking
Sexual Behaviour
	Sociobiological explanations for adultery
	How the brain controls sexual behaviour
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
6 Emotion
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Five Perspectives on Emotion
 Emotion as feeling	
 Emotion as behaviour
Emotion as arousal
 The cognitive approach to emotion
 Social approaches to emotion
Specific Emotions
 Five fundamental emotions
 Other discrete emotions
The Development of Emotion
 Early theories
 Recent theories
 Attachment
 Emotional intelligence
Can Emotions Malfunction?
	Psychosomatic disorders and panic attacks
	Theories of neurotic anxiety
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
7 Sensory Processes
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Sources of Information
	Light
	Sound
	The chemical senses
	The somatosenses
Sense Organs
	How do we see?
	How do we hear?
	Tasting and smelling
	Invisible forces and phantom limbs
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
8 Perception
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Perception and Illusion
 When seeing goes wrong
 Theories of perception
 Spotting the cat in the grass
 Explaining after-effects
Making Sense of the World
	Grouping and segmentation
 Visual search ? or finding the car
 How do we know what we see?
 Seeing without knowing
Seeing What We Know
	Perception or hallucination?
	Resolving visual ambiguity
	Tricks of the light
	Non-visual knowledge and perceptual set
Perceptual Learning
 How training influences performance
 Top-down mechanisms
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
9 Infancy and Childhood
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Infancy
	Physical and sensory development
	Cognitive development
	The beginnings of language and communication
	Social and emotional development
The Preschool Years
	Perceptual and motor development
	Cognitive development
	Language and communication
	Social and emotional development
The School Years
	Perceptual and motor development
	Cognitive development
	Social and emotional development
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
10 Adolescence and Adulthood
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Adolescence
	Physical development
	Cognitive development
	Social development
Early Adulthood
	Physical development
	Cognitive development
	Social and emotional development
Middle Adulthood
	Physical development
	Cognitive development
	Social and emotional development
Late Adulthood
	Physical development
	Cognitive development
	Social and emotional developments
Final Thoughts
Summary
Further Reading
11 Memory
Learning Objectives
Introduction
What is Memory?			 
	Much more than conscious remembering	
 Inferring memory from behaviour
	Constructing the past						
How We Study Memory				
 Observation vs. inference
	Overcoming the problem
Memory Models
 Kinds of remembering
 Explicit and implicit memory
	The information-processing metaphor				
	Baddeley?s working memory model
	Levels of processing
	Encoding specificity and transfer appropriate processing	
What Do We Know about Memory?			
	Memory and the brain						
	The importance of meaning
The effects of previous knowledge
	Real vs. imagined memories					
 Learning strategies		
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
12 Language and Thought
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Language
 Syntax, semantics and pragmatics
Understanding language
 Discourse, and a return to understanding
 Tracking the reading process
 Language disorders
 The power of metaphor
Thought
 Problem Solving
 Logical and conditional reasoning
 Heuristic reasoning ? or taking a short cut
 Intuition
 Are humans poor at reasoning?
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
13 Intelligence
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Setting the Scene
 Questions of intelligence
 Galton and individual differences
 Binet and developmental changes
 Back to the future: the intelligence landscape
General Intelligence ? Multiple Abilities
	How is the intellect structured? 
	Speed of processing as a measure of intelligence
	Non-unitary theories of intelligence
Integrating Current Issues
	Detterman ? the best of both worlds
	Two routes to knowledge
	What do we mean by ?mental retardation??
Theories of retardation 
 Savant syndrome 
Enduring Issues 
	The genetics of IQ 
	Race, genes and intelligence 
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
14 Personality
Learning Objectives
Introduction
What is Personality?
Psychoanalytic Theories ? Freud and Beyond
	Freud?s models of the mind
	In the wake of Freud
Humanistic Theories ? Individuality
	The drive to fulfil potential
	Understanding our own psychological world
Trait Theories ? Aspects of Personality
	Cattell?s 16 trait dimensions
	Eysenck?s supertraits
	Trait debates
Biological and Genetic Theories ? the Way We Are Made
	 Inhibition and arousal
	Genetics vs. environment
Social?cognitive theories ? Interpreting the World
	Encodings ? or how we perceive events
	Expectancies and the importance of self-efficacy
	Affects ? how we feel
	Goals, values and the effects of reward
	Competencies and self-regulatory plans
Final Thoughts
Summary 
Revision Questions
Further Reading
15 Abnormal Psychology
Learning Objectives
Introduction
What Does ?Abnormal? Mean?
What Causes Abnormal Behaviour?
 Biology and genetics
 The parent?child relationship
 Attachment and security
 Learned behaviour
 Distorted thinking
 Integrative models
Disorders ? Symptoms and Causes
 Schizophrenia ? a living nightmare
 Mood disorders ? depression
 Anxiety disorders ? when fear takes over
 Eating disorders ? bulimia and anorexia
 Substance use disorders ? abuse and dependence
 Personality disorders ? a way of being
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
16 Therapy
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Biological Treatments ? from Surgery to Drugs
 Psychosurgery and ECT
 Pharmacotherapy ? the role of medication
 Assessing the effects of psychotropic drugs
Psychological Treatments
	Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapy 
	Behaviour therapy
	Cognitive therapy
	Humanistic therapy
 Family and couples therapy
	Assessing the effects of psychotherapy
Biological or Psychological Treatment?
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
17 Attitudes, Attributions and Social Cognition
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Attitudes
	How do you measure an attitude?
	How do attitudes influence behaviour?
	Forming and changing attitudes
Attributions
	Early theories of attribution
	The effects of bias
	Cultural differences
Social Cognition
	Social schemas
	Categorization and stereotyping
	How do schemas work?
	Recent research into social processing
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
18 Interpersonal Relations and Group Processes
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Interpersonal Behaviour
	Being in the presence of other people
	The influence of authority
	Affiliation, attraction and close relationships
Group Processes
	Taking our place in the group
	How groups influence their members
	How groups get things done
Intergroup Relations
	Deindividuation, collective behaviour and the crowd
	Cooperation and competition between groups
	Social categories and social identity
	Prejudice and discrimination
	Building social harmony
Final Thoughts
Summary
Further Reading
19 Health psychology
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Health Beliefs and Behaviours
	Behaviour and mortality
	The role of health beliefs
	Integrated models
Illness Beliefs
	The dimensions of illness beliefs
 A model of illness behaviour
 Health professionals? beliefs
The Stress?Illness Link
	Stress models
	Does stress cause illness?
Chronic Illness
	Profile of an illness
	Psychology?s role
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
20 Organizational Psychology
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Individuals at Work
	Matching the person to the job
	Fitting into the organization
	Training ? does it work?
	Leadership styles
	Job satisfaction
Groups at Work
	More than the sum of the parts
	Group decision making
Organizations at Work
	Organizational design
	Organizational culture
	Power and politics
Redundancy and Unemployment
	Redundancy ? a kind of bereavement
	Psychological effects of unemployment
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
21 Forensic Psychology
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Psychology and the Law
	The meaning of ?forensic?
 The origins of legal psychology
Eyewitness Memory
 An early model of memory
	The strength and validity of the evidence
The Psychology of Confession
	Voluntary false confessions
	Interrogational tactics
	Coerced false confessions
The Psychology of Investigation
	The cognitive interview
	Detecting lies and deceit
	Offender profiling
Criminological Psychology
 The Cambridge Study
 Violent offenders
 Working with offenders
	The Meta-Analyses
	Offending Behaviour Programmes: The Example of ART
Final Thoughts
Summary
Revision Questions
Further Reading
Index

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Psychology -- Textbooks.