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CONTENTS i PREFACE iv ACKNOWLEDGEMENT v ABBREVIATIONS vi INTRODUCTION: STUDYING THE TEACHER 1 Identifying the teacher (2); Method in studying _amkara (7); The shape of the study (16) NOTES 20 CHAPTER 1 THE TEACHER HIMSELF 28 The views of _amkara's pupils (28); The Traditional Lives (33); The quest for _amkara the teacher (40); _amkara's major works (44); Questions of authenticity (51); Dating _amkara's life (57); _amkara's historical background (58); The rise of devotion (60); The intellectual climate (64) NOTES 70 CHAPTER 2 THE NEED FOR THE TEACHING 82 The human condition (82); The commentator's task (90); Knowledge and ritual action (93); The fit pupil (100); The one to be known (109) NOTES 116 CHAPTER 3 THE SOURCE OF THE TEACHING 123 Methods of acquiring knowledge (123); The nature of scripture (129); Narayana, founder of the teaching tradition (141); Interpreting scripture (143); On reason and personal experience (155) NOTES 164 CHAPTER 4 THE METHODS OF THE TEACHING 170 The Upanisadic basis of _amkara's teaching methods (170); Questioning (172); Renunciation (180); Examples (185); Story (194); Interiorization (199); The framework of superimposition and elimination (203) NOTES 210 CHAPTER 5 THE CONTEXT OF THE TEACHING: THE WORLD OF NAME AND FORM 216 Ultimate and conventional truth (219); Origination stories (229); Name and form (namarupa) (233); The clay-pot example (245); The rope-snake (250); Magician and magical illusion (257); Complementarity and mutual restriction (265) NOTES 270 CHAPTER 6 THE CONTEXT OF THE TEACHING: THE LORD 284 The debate about the Lord (285); The higher and lower brahman (288); The Lord and the cosmos (298); The place of Visnu (311); The context of the Lord (323) NOTES 328 CHAPTER 7 THE LANGUAGE OF THE TEACHING 335 The wider context (339); Tat tvam asi ('You are that') in BSBh 4.1.2 (342); Neti neti ('Not thus, not thus') in Br Up Bh 2.3.6 (346); Satyam jnanam anantam brahma ('Brahman is reality, consciousness, infinite' in Tait Up Bh 2.1.1 (349); Tat tvam asi ('You are that') in Upadesasahasri metric chapter 18 (363) NOTES 383 CHAPTER 8 THE END OF THE TEACHING 404 The methods at work: _amkara's commentary on the Taittiriya Upanisad (404); Remaining problems? (418); Corrective readings (420); The culmination of the teaching (429); The supersession of the teaching (433); What remains? (436); Summarizing the argument (437); Is duality overcome? (442); The study of _amkara the teacher (446) NOTES 457 GLOSSARY 464 BIBLIOGRAPHY 474
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