Table of contents for Searching and researching on the Internet and the World Wide Web / Karen Hartman, Ernest Ackermann.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


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CONTENTS 
Preface ................................................................................................................... vii 
1 
chapter 1 INTRODUCTION TO THE INTERNET 
AND THE WORLD WIDE WEB 
About This Book ...................................................................................................... 2 
The World Wide Web as an Information Resource ................................................ 2 
Hypertext and Hypermedia..................................................................................... 4 
Activity 1.1: Using a Search Engine ........................................................................ 5 
Key Terms and Concepts ....................................................................................... 13 
Information Sources Available on the Web .......................................................... 16 
Browser Essentials ................................................................................................ 18 
Summary ............................................................................................................... 27 
Selected Terms Introduced in This Chapter ......................................................... 29 
Review Questions.................................................................................................. 29 
Exercises and Projects........................................................................................... 30 
chapter 2 MANAGING AND USING INFORMATION 
FROM THE INTERNET 
33 AND THE WORLD WIDE WEB 
Common Types of Files on the Internet and the Web ......................................... 34 
Considering Copyright Guidelines Before Sharing and Copying Information .... 38 
Capturing and Using Text, Images, and Data from the Web and the Internet ... 39 
Activity 2.1: Capturing and Downloading Images 
into a Word-processing Document ................................................................... 45 
End of Activity 2.1 .................................................................................................. 49 
Using Favorites to Keep Track of Resources ........................................................ 49 
Procedures and Steps for Managing Internet and Web Information.................. 52 
Summary ............................................................................................................... 55 
Selected Terms Used in This Chapter .................................................................. 56 
Review Questions.................................................................................................. 56 
Exercises and Projects........................................................................................... 58 
60 chapter 3 USING THE WEB FOR RESEARCH 
The First Step: Evaluating Your Information Needs ............................................ 61 
Choosing the Best Search Tool to Start With ....................................................... 63 
Browsing the World Wide Web: Using Directories .............................................. 64 
Activity 3.1: Using a Directory to Browse for Information ................................... 65 
Finding Information Gems in Virtual Libraries .................................................... 69 
Activity 3.2: Finding Resources in a Virtual Library ............................................. 72 
Searching the World Wide Web: Using Search Engines ...................................... 77 
Activity 3.3: Using Boolean Search Operators ..................................................... 79 
Activity 3.4: Using Phrase Searching to Find Information .................................. 83 
Using Several Search Engines 
Simultaneously: Meta-search Tools .................................................................. 87 
Activity 3.5: Using a Meta-search Tool to Find Information ................................ 89 
iii
CONTENTS 
Content Issues: Pornography, Free Speech, Censorship, and Filtering .............. 91 
Summary ............................................................................................................... 92 
Selected Terms Introduced in This Chapter ......................................................... 93 
Review Questions.................................................................................................. 94 
Exercises and Projects........................................................................................... 95 
98 
chapter 4 A RESEARCHER'S TOOLKIT: 
DIRECTORIES AND VIRTUAL LIBRARIES 
Characteristics of Directories ............................................................................... 99 
Browsing and Searching Directories .................................................................. 101 
Activity 4.1: A Major Directory and How to Use It............................................. 102 
Virtual Libraries: Directories with a Difference .................................................. 108 
Activity 4.2: Using a Virtual Library .................................................................... 109 
A Researcher's Toolkit ......................................................................................... 114 
Summary ............................................................................................................. 122 
Selected Terms Introduced in This Chapter ....................................................... 122 
Review Questions................................................................................................ 123 
Exercises and Projects......................................................................................... 124 
126 
chapter 5 SEARCH STRATEGIES 
FOR SEARCH ENGINES 
Search Engine Databases ................................................................................... 127 
Search Features Common to Most Search Engines .......................................... 129 
Output Features Common to Most Search Engines ......................................... 133 
A Basic Search Strategy: The 10 Steps ............................................................... 133 
Activity 5.1: Search Strategies in AltaVista ......................................................... 135 
Activity 5.2: Search Strategies in Google ............................................................ 139 
Activity 5.3: Search Strategies in Vivisimo ......................................................... 143 
Summary ............................................................................................................. 146 
Review Questions................................................................................................ 147 
Exercises and Projects......................................................................................... 149 
152 chapter 6 SPECIALIZED DATABASES 
Overview of Specialized Databases .................................................................... 153 
Information in Specialized Databases 
Is Often Not Accessible Via Search Engines .................................................. 154 
How to Find Specialized Databases ................................................................... 154 
Using Specialized Databases.............................................................................. 156 
Activity 6.1: Searching MEDLINE ....................................................................... 156 
Activity 6.2: Finding Company Information ....................................................... 164 
Activity 6.3: Searching for United States Supreme Court Opinions ................. 169 
iv
CONTENTS 
Activity 6.4: Finding an Individual's Email Address, 
Mailing Address, and Phone Number ............................................................ 174 
Activity 6.5: Searching for a Business Address, a Phone Number, 
a Map, and Driving Directions ........................................................................ 179 
Summary ............................................................................................................. 182 
Selected Terms Introduced in This Chapter ....................................................... 182 
Review Questions................................................................................................ 182 
Exercises and Projects......................................................................................... 184 
chapter 7 SEARCHING FOR NEWS AND MULTIMEDIA 187 
Searching for News ............................................................................................. 188 
Weblogs and E-Zines........................................................................................... 189 
News Tracking and Alerts ................................................................................... 192 
RSS and News Aggregation ................................................................................ 194 
Activity 7.1: Setting Up a Personal Newsreader, or Aggregator ........................ 195 
Searching for Multimedia ................................................................................... 202 
Summary ............................................................................................................. 208 
Selected Terms Used in This Chapter ................................................................ 209 
Review Questions................................................................................................ 209 
Exercises and Projects......................................................................................... 211 
213 chapter 8 SEARCHING LIBARY CATALOGS 
Overview of the Development of Online Catalogs ............................................ 214 
Characteristics of Online Library Catalogs ......................................................... 214 
Ways to Find Library Catalogs............................................................................. 216 
Activity 8.1: Using Libweb to Find a National Catalog ...................................... 216 
Activity 8.2: Using LIBCAT to Find Special Collections ...................................... 222 
Summary ............................................................................................................. 228 
Selected Terms Introduced in This Chapter ....................................................... 228 
Review Questions................................................................................................ 228 
Exercises and Projects......................................................................................... 230 
232 
chapter 9 SEARCHING EMAIL DISCUSSION 
GROUPS & USENET NEWS 
Email Discussion Groups ................................................................................... 233 
Activity 9.1: Finding a Discussion Group ........................................................... 238 
Usenet Newsgroups............................................................................................ 241 
Activity 9.2: Searching Usenet News Using Google Groups ............................. 247 
Etiquette in a Discussion Group or a Usenet Newsgroup ................................ 251 
Summary ............................................................................................................. 252 
Selected Terms Introduced in This Chapter ....................................................... 254 
Review Questions................................................................................................ 254 
Exercises and Projects......................................................................................... 256
v
CONTENTS 
258 
chapter 10 SEARCHING ARCHIVES, 
DOWNLOADING FILES & FTP 
Understanding the URL Format for FTP ............................................................ 259 
Downloading a File by Anonymous FTP ............................................................ 260 
Locating FTP Archives and Other Sites for Finding Software ........................... 261 
Downloading and Working with Files from Software Archives ......................... 262 
Activity 10.1: Downloading and Installing Software from a Software Archive .. 266 
Using an FTP Client Program ............................................................................. 271 
Summary ............................................................................................................. 274 
Review Questions................................................................................................ 275 
Exercises and Projects......................................................................................... 277 
279 
chapter 11 EVALUATING INFORMATION 
FOUND ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB 
Reasons to Evaluate ............................................................................................ 280 
Guidelines for Evaluation .................................................................................... 281 
Activity 11.1: Using a URL and Search Engines to Investigate a Resource ...... 284 
Activity 11.2 Applying Guidelines to Evaluate a Resource ................................. 291 
Information About Evaluating Resources on the World Wide Web .................. 294 
Summary ............................................................................................................. 295 
Review Questions................................................................................................ 296 
Exercises and Projects......................................................................................... 298 
300 chapter 12 CITING WEB AND INTERNET SOURCES 
Guidelines for Citing Internet and Web Resources............................................ 301 
Citation Examples ............................................................................................... 305 
Information on the Web About Citing Electronic Resources............................. 312 
Summary ............................................................................................................. 313 
Review Questions................................................................................................ 313 
Exercises and Projects......................................................................................... 315 
Appendix A: Ways to stay current ........................................................................................ 317 
Appendix B: Privacy and Security on the Internet and the Web ......................................... 259 
Appendix C: Internet Explorer Details ................................................................................. 331 
Glossary ............................................................................................................................... 337 
Index ............................................................................................................................... 348 
vi

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Internet searching.
Web search engines.
Computer network resources.