Table of contents for Encyclopedia of African history / Kevin Shillington, editor.

Bibliographic record and links to related information available from the Library of Congress catalog.

Note: Contents data are machine generated based on pre-publication provided by the publisher. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding.


Counter
A
 'Abd al-Qadir
'Abd Allah ibn Yasin: Almoravid: Sahara
'Abd al-Mu'min: Almohad Empire, 1140-1269
Abouh, Muhammad
Abu Madian, al-Shadhili and the Spread of Sufism in the Maghrib
Abuja
Accra
Achebe, Chinua
Adal: Ibrahim, Ahmad ibn, Conflict with Ethiopia, 1526-1543
Addis Ababa
African Development Bank (ADB)
Africanus, Leo
Afrikaans and Afrikaner Nationalism, 19th Century
Aghlabid Amirate of Ifriqiya (800-909)
Agriculture, Cash Crops, Food Security
Ahidjo, Ahmadou
Aid, International, NGOs and the State
Air, Sultanate of
Aja-Speaking Peoples: Aja, Fon, Ewe, 17th and 18th Centuries
Aja-speaking Peoples: Dahomey, Rise of, 17th Century
Akan and Asante: Farmers, Traders, Emergence of Akan States
Akan States: Bono, Dankyira, Wassa, Akyem, Akwamu, Fante, 15th to 17th Centuries
Akan States: Ghana, 18th Century
Akhenaten
Aksum, Kingdom of
Alcohol: Popular Culture, Colonial Control
Alexandria
Alexandria and Early Christianity: Egypt
Algeria, Colonial: Islamic Ideas and Movements in
Algeria: Algiers and its Capture, 1815-1830
Algeria: Conquest and Resistance, 1831-1879
Algeria: Government and Administration, 1830-1914
Algeria: Muslim Population, 1871-1954
Algeria: European Population, 1830-1954
Algeria: Arabism and Islamism
Algeria: Islamic Ideas and movements in Colonial Algeria
Algeria: Nationalism and reform, 1911-54
Algeria: War of Independence, 1954-62
Algeria: Ben Bella, Boumedienne, era of, 1960s and 1970s
Algeria: Bendjedid and Elections, 1978-1990
Algeria: International relations, 1962 to the Present
Algeria: Islamic Salvation Front, Military Rule, Civil War, 1990s
Algiers
Allada and Slave Trade
All-African People's Conference, 1958
al-Maghili
Anglo-Zulu War, 1879-1887
Angola, 18th Century
Angola: Ambaquista, Imbangala and Long-Distance trade
Angola: Chokwe, Ovimbundu, 19th Century
Angola: Slave Trade, Abolition of
Angola: Scramble
Angola: New Colonial Period: Christianity, Missionaries, Independent Churches
Angola: New Colonial Period: White Immigration, Mesticos, Assimilated Africans
Angola: Revolts, 1961
Angola: MPLA, FNLA, UNITA, War of Liberation, 1961-1974
Angola: Independence and Civil War, 1974-1976
Angola: Cold War Politics, Civil War, 1975-1994
Angola: Civil War: Impact of, Economic and Social
Angola: Peace Betrayed, 1994 to 1999
Antananarivo
Anti-Slavery Movement
Anti-Slavery Squadron, Decline of Export Slave Trade, 19th Century
Arab and Islamic World, Africa in
Arab Bedouin: Banu Hilal, Banu Sulaym, Banu Ma'qil (11th to 15th centuries)
Armies, Colonial: Africans in
Arms, Armies: Postcolonial Africa
Art and Architecture, History of African
Art, Postcolonial
Asante Kingdom: Osei Tutu and Founding of
Asians: East Africa
Augustine, Catholic Church: North Africa
Awolowo, Obafemi
Azikiwe, Nnamdi
B
Bagirmi, Wadai and Darfur
Balewa, Alhaji Sir Abubakar
Bamako
Banda, Dr. Hastings Kamuzu
Banking and Finance
Bantu Cultivators: Kenyan Highlands
Barbary Corsairs and the Ottoman Provinces: Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli in the 17th Century
Beira Corridor
Bello, Alhaji Sir Ahmadu
Benin, Empire: Origins and Growth of City State
Benin, Empire: Oba Ewuare, Trade with the Portuguese
Benin: 19th Century
Benin (Republic of): British Conquest
Benin (Republic of): Colonial Period
Benin (Republic of): Independence, Coup, Politics
Benin (Republic of): Kerekou, Mathieu
Benin (Republic of): Democratization: National Conference and, 1990s
Benue Valley Peoples: Jukun and Kwarafa
Berbers: Ancient North Africa
Berlin West Africa Conference, 1884-1885
Bhambatha Rebellion, 1906
Blantyre
Blyden, E.W.
Boer Expansion: Interior of South Africa
Boganda, Barthelemy
Borno (Bornu), Sultanate of: Origins and Rise, 15th Century
Borno (Bornu), Sultanate of: Mai Idris Aloma
Borno (Bornu), Sultanate of: Saifawa Dynasty: Horses, Slaves, Warfare
Borno (Bornu), Sultanate of, 17th and 18th Centuries
Botswana: 19th Century: Pre-Colonial
Botswana: Missionaries, 19th Century
Botswana: Bechuanaland Protectorate, Founding of: 1885-1899
Botswana: Colonial Period
Botswana: Independence: Economic Development, Politics
Boundaries, Colonial
Bourbon, Ile de France, Seychelles: 18th century
Brazzaville
British Togoland
Brussels Conference and Act, 1890
Buganda to the 19th Century
Bulawayo
Bunyoro
Burkina Faso (Upper Volta): 19th Century
Burkina Faso (Upper Volta): Colonial period
Burundi: 19th Century
Burundi: Colonial Period: German and Belgian
Burundi: Independence to 1988
Burundi: 1988 to Present
Buthelezi and Inkatha Freedom Party
Byzantine Africa, 533-710
C
Cairo
Cameroon: 19th Century
Cameroon: Colonial Period: German rule (Kamerun)
Cameroon: Colonial Period: British and French Rule
Cameroon: Rebellion, Independence, Unification, 1960-1961
Cameroon: Independence to the Present
Cape Colony: Origins, Settlement, Trade
Cape Colony: Khoi-Dutch Wars
Cape Colony: Slavery
Cape Colony: British Occupation, 1806-1872
Cape Liberalism, 19th Century
Cape Town
Cape Verde, History of
Carthage
Carvajal, Luis del Marmol
Casablanca
Casely Hayford, J.E.
Central Africa, Northern: Slave Raiding
Central African Republic: 19th Century: Gbaya, Banda and Azande
Central African Republic: Colonial Period: Occupation, Resistance, Baya Revolt, 1928
Central African Republic: Colonial Period: Oubangui-Chari
Central African Republic: Nationalism, Independence
Central African Republic: 1980s and 1990s
Cetshwayo
Chad: Colonial Period: French Rule
Chad: Independence to the Present
Chad: Libya, Aouzou Strip, Civil War
Civil War: Postcolonial Africa
Climate and Vegetational Change
Clothing and cultural change
Cold War, Africa and the
Collaboration as Resistance
Colonial Administrations, Africans in
Colonial European Administrations: Comparative Survey
Colonial Federations: British Central Africa
Colonial Federations: French Equatorial Africa
Colonial Federations: French West Africa
Colonial Imports vs. Indigenous Crafts
Colonialism, Inheritance of: Postcolonial Africa
Colonialism, overthrow of: 30 Years War for Southern African Liberation
Colonialism, Overthrow of: Nationalism and Anti-Colonialism
Colonialism, Overthrow of: Northern Africa
Colonialism, overthrow of: Sub-Saharan Africa
Colonialism, overthrow of: Women and the Nationalist Struggle
Colonialism: Ideology of Empire: Supremacist, Paternalist
Colonialism: Impact on African societies
Commonwealth, Africa and the
Communaute Financiere Africaine (CFA)
Communications
Community in African Society
Comoros / Mayotte: 19th Century to 1975
Comoros/ Mayotte: Independence to the Present
Comoros: Before 1800
Conakry
Concessionary Companies
Congo (Brazzaville), Republic of: Nineteenth Century: Pre-Colonial
Congo (Brazzaville), Republic of: De Brazza and French Colonization
Congo (Brazzaville), Republic of: Colonial Period: Moyen-Congo
Congo (Brazzaville), Republic of: Independence, Revolution, 1958-1979
Congo (Brazzaville), Republic of: Liberalization, Rebellion, 1980s and 1990s
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of/ Zaire: 19th Century: Pre-Colonial
Congo Free State, 1885-1908
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of/ Zaire: Belgian Congo: Administration and Society, 
1908-60
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of/ Zaire: Belgian Congo: Colonial Economy, 1908-1960
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of/ Zaire: Evolues, Politics, Independence
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of/ Zaire: Civil War, 1960-1965
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of/ Zaire: Mobutu, Zaire, Mobutuism
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of/ Zaire: Mineral Factor
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of/ Zaire: National Conference and politics of opposition, 
1990-1996
Congo (Kinshasa), Democratic Republic of/ Zaire: Post-Mobutu Era
Coups d'etat and Military Rule: Postcolonial Africa
Crowther, Reverend Samuel Ajayi and the Niger Mission
Currencies and Banking
Cushites: Northeastern Africa: Stone Age Origins to Iron Age
D
Dahomey: 18th Century
Dakar
Dar es Salaam
Debt, International, Development and Dependency
Delta States, 19th Century
Democracy: Postcolonial
Development, Postcolonial: Central Planning, Private Enterprise, Investment
Diagne, Gueye and Politics of Senegal, 1920s and 1930s
Diamonds
Diaspora: Colonial Era
Diaspora: Historiographical Debates
Difaqane on the Highveld
Diop, Cheikh Anta
Diouf, Abdou
Djibouti: 19th Century to the Present: survey
Domestication, Plant and Animal, History of
Donatist Church: North Africa
Douala
Drama, Film: Postcolonial
Drought, Famine, Displacement
Du Bois, W.E.B. and Pan-Africanism
Dube, John Langalibalele
Durban
E
East African Community, The, 1967-1977
Eastern Africa
Eastern and North-Central Africa: Arab Penetration, Rise of Cavalry States
Eastern Savannah, Political Authority in
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)
Economies, Postcolonial: Peasants, Markets and Subsistence
Education in Colonial sub-Saharan Africa
Education in Postcolonial sub-Saharan Africa
Education, Higher, in Postcolonial Africa
Education: French West Africa
Education: North Africa (Colonial and Postcolonial)
Egypt, Ancient: Chronology
Egypt, Ancient: Pre-dynastic Egypt and Nubia: Historical Outline
Egypt, Ancient: Unification of Upper and Lower: Historical Outline
Egypt, Ancient: Old Kingdom and its contacts to the south: Historical Outline
Egypt, Ancient: Middle Kingdom: Historical Outline
Egypt, Ancient: New Kingdom and the Colonization of Nubia
Egypt, Ancient: Late Dynastic, 1085-333 BCE: Historical Outline
Egypt, Ancient: Roman Conquest and occupation: Historical Outline
Egypt, Ancient, and Africa
Egypt, Ancient: Agriculture 
Egypt, Ancient: Architecture
Egypt, Ancient: Funeral practices and Mummification
Egypt, Ancient: Hieroglyphics and Origins of Alphabet
Egypt, Ancient: Literacy 
Egypt, Ancient: Religion
Egypt, Ancient: Social OrganiZation
Egypt: Arab Conquest 
Egypt: In Arab Empire 
Egypt: Tulunids and Ikhshidids 
Egypt: Fatimid Caliphate 
Egypt: Fatimids, Later: Outline
Egypt: Fatimids, Later: Army and Administration
Egypt: Fatimids, Later: World Trade
Egypt: Ayyubid Dynasty 
Egypt and Africa (1000-1500)
Egypt: Mamluk Dynasty (1250-1517): Baybars, Qalawun and the Mongols 
Egypt: Mamluk Dynasty (1250-1517): Literature 
Egypt: Mamluk Dynasty (1250-1517): Army and Iqta' System
Egypt: Mamluk Dynasty (1250-1517): Plague
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Historical Outline
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Mamluk Beylicate (c.1600-1798)
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Napoleon and the French in Egypt (1798-1801)
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Nubia and the Red Sea
Egypt: Ottoman, 1517-1798: Trade with Africa
Egypt: Muhammad Ali, 1805-1849: Imperial Expansion
Egypt: Muhammad Ali, 1805-1849: State and Economy
Egypt: Urabi Pasha and British occupation of, 1879-1882
Egypt: Cromer administration, 1883-1907: Irrigation, Agriculture and Industry
Egypt: Islamism and radicalism: Salafiyya and Muslim Brotherhood
Egypt: Nationalism, World War I and the Wafd, 1882-1922
Egypt: Monarchy and Parliament, 1922-1939
Egypt: Printing, Broadcasting
Egypt: Nasser, 1952-1970: Foreign Policy: Suez Canal Crisis to Six Day War
Egypt: Nasser, 1952-1970: High Dam and Economic Development
Egypt: Sadat, Nationalism, 1970-1981
Egyptology, from Herodotus to 20th Century
Elites and Political Patronage: Postcolonial Africa
Environment, Conservation, Development: Postcolonial Africa
Epidemics: Malaria, AIDS, other Disease: Postcolonial Africa
Equatorial Guinea: Colonial Period, 19th Century
Equatorial Guinea: Independence to the Present
Equiano, Olaudah
Eritrea: Ottoman Province to Italian Colony
Eritrea: 1941 to the present
Ethiopia: Muslim States, Awash Valley: Shoa, Ifat, Fatagar, Hadya, Dawaro, Adal, 9th to 16th 
Centuries
Ethiopia: Aksumite Inheritance, c.850-1150
Ethiopia: Zagwe Dynasty, 1150-1270
Ethiopia: Solomonid Dynasty, 1270-c.1550
Ethiopia: Shoan Plateau,15th and 16th Centuries
Ethiopia, c.1550-c.1700
Ethiopia, Portuguese and, 16th-17th centuries
Ethiopia: Eighteenth Century
Ethiopia: Early Nineteenth Century
Ethiopia: Tewodros II, Era of
Ethiopia: Johannes IV, Era of
Ethiopia: Menelik II, Era of
Ethiopia: Italian Invasion and Occupation: 1935-1940
Ethiopia: Land, Agriculture, Politics 1941-1974
Ethiopia: Famine, Revolution, Mengistu Dictatorship, 1974-1991
Ethiopia: Civil war and Liberation (to 1993)
Ethiopia: 1991 to the Present
Ethiopianism and the Independent Church Movement
Ethnicity, Tribalism: Colonial Experience
Europe: Explorers, Adventurers, Traders
Europe: Industrialization and Imperialism
F
Fatimid Empire: Maghrib, 910-1057
Federations and Unions, Postcolonial
Fonds d'Investment pour le Developpement Economique et Social (FIDES, 1946)
Forest Peoples: Sierra Leone, Liberia and Ivory Coast: History of to 1800
Francophonie, Africa and the
Freetown
Fulbe/Fulani/Peul: Origins
Fulbe/Fulani/Peul: Cattle Pastoralism, Migration, 17th and 18th Centuries
Funj Sultanate, 16th to 18th Centuries
Futa Jalon to 1800
Futa Jalon: 19th Century
Futa Toro
G
Gabon: 19th Century: Pre-colonial
Gabon: Colonial Period: Administration, Labor, Economy
Gabon: Colonial Period: Social Transformation
Gabon: Decolonization and the Politics of Independence, 1945-1967
Gabon: Bongo, Omar and the One-Party State, 1967 to the Present
Gambia, The: 19th Century to Independence
Gambia, The: Independence to the Present
Gambia, The: Relations with Senegal
Garamantes: Early trans-Saharan Trade
Garang, John, and the Sudan Peoples' Liberation Party (SPLA)
Gender and Migration: Southern Africa
Geography, Environment in African History
Ghana, Empire: Historiography of Origins
Ghana, Kingdom of: History of
Ghana, Republic of: 1800-74
Ghana, Republic of: Colonization, Resistance, 1875-1901
Ghana, Republic of: Colonial Period: Administration
Ghana, Republic of: Colonial Period: Economy
Ghana, Republic of: Guggisberg Administration, 1919-1927
Ghana, Republic of: Nationalism, Independence
Ghana, Republic of: Social and Economic Development: First Republic
Ghana, Republic of: Coups d'etat, Second Republic, 1966-1972
Ghana, Republic of: Achaempong regime to Third Republic, 1972-81
Ghana, Republic of: Revolution and Fourth Republic, 1981 to Present
Globalization, Africa and
Gold: Akan Goldfields: 1400 to 1800
Gold: Mining Industry of Ghana: 1800 to the Present
Gold: Production and Trade: West Africa
Gore-Browne, Stewart
Great Lakes Region: Cattle Herding
Great Lakes Region: Karagwe, Nkore and Buhaya
Great Lakes Region: Kitara and the Chwezi Dynasty
Great Lakes Region: Ntusi, Kibiro and Bigo
Great Zimbabwe: Colonial Historiography
Great Zimbabwe: Origins and Rise
Guinea: Colonial Period
Guinea: Decolonization, Independence
Guinea: Toure, Ahmed Sekou, Era of
Guinea: 1984 to the Present
Guinea-Bissau: 19th century to 1960
Guinea-Bissau: Cabral, Amilcar, PAICG, Independence, 1961-1973
Guinea-Bissau: Independence to the Present
H
Haile Selassie I
Hailey: An African Survey
Hamdallahi Caliphate, 1818-1862
Harare
Harris, Prophet William Wade
Hausa Polities: Origins, Rise
Hausa Polities: Urbanism, Industry and Commerce
Hausa Polities: Warfare, Nineteenth Century
Health: medicine, disease and public Health: Colonial
Health: Medicine, Disease: Postcolonial
Herding, Farming, Origins of: Sahara and Nile Valley
Historiography of Africa
Historiography of Western Africa, 1790s-1860s
History, African: Sources of
Horton, James Africanus Beale
Houphouet-Boigny, Felix
Human Rights: Postcolonial Africa
Humankind: Hominids, Early: Origins of
Hundred Years' War, 1779-1878
Hunting, Colonial Era
Hunting, Foraging
I
Ibadan
Ibn Battuta, Mali Empire and
Ibn Khaldun: Civilization of the Maghrib
Ibn Khaldun: History of the Berbers
Ibn Tumart, Almohad Community and
Identity, Political
Ife, Oyo, Yoruba, Ancient: Kingship and Art
Igbo and Igala
Igboland, 19th Century
Igbo-Ukwo
Industrialization and Development
Ingombe Ilede
Iron Age (Early): Farming, Eastern Africa
Iron Age (Early): Farming, Equatorial Africa
Iron Age (Early): Herding, Farming, Southern Africa
Iron Age (Later): Central Africa
Iron Age (Later): Central Africa: Luangwa Tradition
Iron Age (Later): Central Africa: Peoples, Forest
Iron Age (Later): Central Africa: Upemba Basin
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: Cattle, Wealth, Power
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: Labor, Gender, Production
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: Societies, Evolution of
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: :Salt
Iron Age (Later): East Africa: Trade
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Characteristics and Origins, South of Zambezi
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Ethnicity, Language, Identity
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Highveld, Emergence of States on
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Leopard's Kopje, Bambandyanalo and Mapungubwe
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Peoples
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Southeastern Lowveld, Emergence of States on
Iron Age (Later): Southern Africa: Toutswemogala, Cattle and Political Power
Iron Age and Neolithic: West Africa
Islam: Eastern Africa
Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire): Colonization and Resistance
Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire): Colonial Period: Administration and Economy
Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire): Independence to the Present
Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire): PDCI (Parti Democratique de la Cote d'Ivoire)
J
Jabavu, John Tengo
Jameson Raid, Origins of South African War: 1895-1899
Johannesburg
Johnston, Harry H.
Jonathan, Chief Joseph Leabua
Journalism, African: Colonial Era
Juula/Dyula
K
Kabarega and Bunyoro
Kagwa, Apolo
Kakungulu and the Creation of Uganda
Kampala
Kanem: Origins and Growth (6th to 10th centuries)
Kanem: Slavery and trans-Saharan Trade
Kanem: Decline, Merge with Borno (c.1400)
Kano
Kasai and Kuba: Chiefdoms and Kingdom
Kaunda, Kenneth
Kazembe's Eastern Lunda
Kenya: 19th Century: Pre-Colonial
Kenya: East African Protectorate and the Uganda Railway
Kenya: Mekatilele and Giriama Resistance, 1900-1920
Kenya: World War I, Carrier Corps
Kenya: Mau Mau Revolt
Kenya: Nationalism, Independence
Kenya: Kenyatta, Jomo: Life and Government of
Kenya: Independence to the Present
Kenya: Islam
Kerma and Egyptian Nubia
Khama III
Khama, Seretse
Khartoum
Kimbangu, Simon and Kimbanguism
Kimberley, Diamond Fields and
Kinshasa
Kongo, Teke (Tio) and Loango: History to 1483
Kongo Kingdom: Afonso I, Christianity and Kingship
Kongo Kingdom, 1543-68
Kongo Kingdom: Jaga Invasion to 1665
Kongo Kingdom: 17th and 18th Centuries
Kouyate, Tiemoko Garan
Kruger, Paul
Kumasi
Kush
L
Labor, Migrant
Labor: Cooperative Work
Labor: Decline in Traditional Forms of Exploitation
Labotsibeni, Queen
Lagos
Lagos Colony and Oil Rivers Protectorate
Lalibela and Ethiopian Christianity
Language Classification
Language, Colonial State and
Law and the Legal System: Postcolonial Africa
Law, Islamic: Postcolonial Africa
Legitimate Commerce, Export Slave Trade, 19th century
Lenshina, Alice
Lesotho: Treaties and Conflict on the Highveld, 1843-1868
Lesotho (Basutoland): Colonization and Cape rule, 1868-1884
Lesotho (Basutoland): Peasantry, rise of
Lesotho (Basutoland): Colonial Period
Lesotho: Independence to the Present
Lesotho: Nationalism and Independence
Lewanika I, the Lozi and the BSA Company
Liberia: Origins, Foundations, 19th Century
Liberia: 19th Century: Politics, Society and Economy
Liberia: Firestone
Liberia: Tubman, William V.S., Life and Era of
Liberia: Tolbert, William, Life and Era of
Liberia: Doe, Samuel K., Life and Era of
Liberia: Civil war, ECOMOG and Return to Civilian Rule
Libreville
Libya: Yusuf Pasha Karamanli and the Ottoman Reoccupation, 1795-1835
Libya: Muhammad al-Sanusi and the Sanusiyya
Libya: Italian Invasion, 1911-1931
Libya: Italian Colonization and Administration
Libya: World War II and the Kingdom of Libya, 1942-69
Libya: Gaddafi (Qadhdhafi) and Jamahiriyya (Libyan Revolution)
Libya: Oil, Politics and OPEC
Libya: Foreign Policy under Gaddafi
Literacy and Indigenous Scripts: Precolonial West Africa
Literacy: Vehicle for Cultural Change
Literature, Western: Africa in
Livingstone, David
Loango: Slave Trade
Lome
Lome Conventions (Africa and the European Union)
Lozi Kingdom and the Kololo
Luanda
Luba: Origins and Growth
Luba: 17th and 18th Centuries
Lubumbashi
Lumumba, Patrice
Lunda: Mwaant Yaav (Mwata Yamvo) and Origins
Lunda: Kingdoms, 17th and 18th Centuries
Lunda: Titles
Lusaka
Luthuli, Albert
Luwum, Janani
M
Ma'al-Aynayn
Macauley, Herbert
Madagascar: Prehistory and Development to c. 1500
Madagascar: Malagasy Kingdoms, Evolution of
Madagascar: Merina Kingdom, 19th Century
Madagascar: French Conquest, Colonization
Madagascar: Colonial Period: French Rule
Madagascar: Great Rebellion, 1947-1948
Madagascar: Reconciliation, Reform and Independence, 1948-1960
Madagascar: Independence to 1972
Madagascar: Reform and Revolution, 1972-1989
Madagascar: Democracy, Development, 1990s
Madikizela-Mandela, Winnie
Maghrib, Arab Conquest of, 650-715
Maghrib Unity, European Union and
Maghrib: Marinids, Ziyanids and Hafsids, 1235-1359
Maghrib, European Expansion into, 1250-1550
Maghrib: Ottoman Conquest of Algiers, Tripoli and Tunis
Maghrib: Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli under the Deys Husaynids and Karamanlis in the 18th century
Maghrib: Muslim Brotherhoods
Mai Dunama Dibalami
Makeke, Charlotte Makhanye
Makenye Kalemba
Malawi: Ngoni Incursions from the South, 19th Century
Malawi: Long-Distance Trade, 19th Century
Malawi: Missionaries and Christianity, 19th Century
Malawi: Colonization and Wars of Resistance, 1889-1904
Malawi (Nyasaland): Colonial Period: Land, Labor and Taxation
Malawi (Nyasaland): Colonial Period: Chilembwe Rising, 1915
Malawi (Nyasaland): Colonial Period: Federation
Malawi: Nationalism, Independence
Malawi: Independence to the Present
Mali Empire, Sundiata and Origins of
Mali Empire: Economy
Mali Empire: Decline, 15th Century
Mali (Republic of): Economy and Society, 19th Century
Mali (Republic of): Alliances and Wars
Mali (Republic of): Colonial Soudan Francais
Mali (Republic of): Nationalism, Federation, Independence
Mali (Republic of): Keita, Modibo, Life and Era of
Mali (Republic of): Traore, Moussa, Life and Era of
Mali: Politics, Economics: 1990s
Mandates: League of Nations and United Nations
Mandela, Nelson
Mandinka States of the Gambia
Mane: Migrations, Sixteenth Century, History of
Mansa Musa, Mali Empire and
Manyika of Eastern Zimbabwe
Maputo
Maravi: Phiri Clan, Lundu and Undi Dynasties
Maravi: Zimba Invasions
Maravi: Kalonga Masula: Empire, Trade
Marrakesh
Martial Races
Mascerene Islands Prior to the French
Massassi and the Kaarta State
Massawa, Ethiopia and the Ottoman Empire
Matthews, Z.K.
Mauritania: Colonial Period: 19th Century
Mauritania: Independence and Western Sahara, 1960-1979
Mauritania: Domestic and International Politics and Conflict, 1980s and 1990s
Mauritania: Ethnicity, Conflict, Development, 1980s and 1990s
Mauritius: Slavery and Slave Society to 1835
Mauritius: Indentured Labor and Society, 1835-1935
Mauritius: Nationalism, Communalism, Independence, 1935-1968
Mauritius: Ramgoolam, Seewoosagur, Government of
Mauritius: 1982 to the Present
Mboya, Tom J.
Media as Propaganda
Medical Factor in Christian Conversion
Meroe: Meroitic Culture and Economy
Metalworking: Origins of Iron-Working
Mfecane
Military: Colonialism, Conquest, Resistance
Mining
Mining, Multinationals and Development
Missionary Enterprise: Pre-Colonial
Mogadishu
Mokhehle, Ntsu
Mondlane, Eduardo
Monophysitism, Coptic Church, 379-640
Monrovia
Morocco: Sa'adians
Morocco: Ahmad al-Mansur and Invasion of Songhay
Morocco: Maraboutic Crisis, Founding of the 'Alawite Dynasty
Morocco: Mawlay Isma'il and Empire of
Morocco: Sidi Muhammad and Foundations of Essawira
Morocco: Mawlay Sulayman, Life and Era of
Morocco: Mawlay 'Abd al-Rahman, Life and Era of
Morocco: Economy and Society, 19th Century
Morocco: Hay, Edward and John Drummond, British Diplomatic Protection, 1829-1903
Morocco: Mawlay Hasan and the Makhzen
Morocco: French and Spanish Protectorates, 1903-1914
Morocco: Resistance and Collaboration, Bu Hmara to Abdlekrim (Ibn 'Abd el-Krim)
Morocco: Lyautey, General Hubert, and Evolution of French Protectorate, 1912-1950
Morocco: Spain in Morocco and the Sahara, 1900-1958
Morocco: Immigration and Colonization, 1900-1950
Morocco: Nationalism, Muhammad V, Independence, 1930-1961
Morocco: Hassan II, Life and Government of
Morocco: Education since Independence
Morocco: Economics and Social Change since Independence
Morocco: International Relations since Independence
Moshoeshoe I, Founding of the Basotho kingdom
Mosque, Sub-Saharan: Art and Architecture of
Mozambique: 19th Century, Early
Mozambique: Ngoni Incursions from the South
Mozambique: Colonial Period: Labor, Migration, Administration
Mozambique: Colonial Period: Resistance and Rebellions
Mozambique: FRELIMO and War of Liberation, 1962-1975
Mozambique: Machel and FRELIMO, 1975-1986
Mozambique: Renamo, Destabilization
Mozambique: Chissano and, 1986 to the Present
Mphahlele, Ezekiel
Msiri: Yeke Kingdom
Mugabe, Robert
Multinationals and the State
Museums, History of: Postcolonial Africa
Museveni, Yoweri Kaguta
Music: Postcolonial Africa
Mutapa State, 1450-1884
Mutesa, Kabaka
N
Namibia: 19th Century to 1880
Namibia: German Colonization, 1883-1896
Namibia: Nama and Herero Risings
Namibia: South African Rule
Namibia: League of Nations, United Nations Mandate
Namibia: SWAPO and the Freedom Struggle
Namibia: Struggle for Independence, 1970-1990
Namibia: Independence to the Present
Napata and Meroe
Natal, 19th Century
Nationalism(s): Postcolonial Africa
Ndongo, Kingdom of
Negritude
Neolithic North Africa
Neolithic, Pastoral: Eastern Africa
Neto, Agostinho
Ngugi wa Thiong'o
Niger Delta and its Hinterland: History to 16th century
Niger Delta and its Hinterland: Peoples and States to 1800
Niger: 19th Century: Survey
Niger: French Occupation and Resistance
Niger: Colonial Period to Independence
Niger: Independence to Present
Nigeria: British Colonization to 1914
Nigeria: Lugard, Administration, Indirect Rule
Nigeria: World War I
Nigeria: Colonial Period: Railways, Mining and Market Production
Nigeria: Colonial Period: Christianity and Islam
Nigeria: World War II
Nigeria: Colonial Period: Intelligentsia, Nationalism, Independence
Nigeria: Colonial Period: Federation
Nigeria: Conferences, Commissions, Nigerian Constitution: 1956-1960
Nigeria: Federalism, Corruption, Popular Discontent: 1960-1966
Nigeria: Army
Nigeria: Gowon Regime, 1966-1975
Nigeria: Biafran Secession and Civil War, 1967-1970
Nigeria: Civilian Rule, 1975-1979
Nigeria: Second Republic, 1979-1983
Nigeria: Agriculture, Irrigation, Rural Development
Nigeria: Industry, Oil, Economy
Nigeria: Military Rule, 1983-1999
Nigeria: Opposition, 1990s, to the Fourth Republic 
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Origins, Pastoralism, Migration
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Eastern Nilotes: Ateker (Karimojong)
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Maasai
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Southern Nilotes: Kalenjin, Dadog, Pokot
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Western Nilotes: Luo
Nilotes, Eastern Africa: Western Nilotes: Shilluk, Nuer, Dinka, Anyuak
Njinga Mbande
Nkomo, Joshua
Nkrumah, Kwame
Nkumbula, Harry Mwaanga
Nobadia, Makurra and 'Alwa
Nok Culture: Terracotta, Iron
Nonqawuse and the Cattle-Killing, 1857
North Africa, Ancient: Urbanization
North Africa: Roman Occupation, Empire
North Central Africa: Central Sudanic Peoples
North Central Africa: Chadic Peoples
North Central Africa: Islam, Pilgrimage
Northern Africa
Nubia: Relations with Egypt (7th to 14th centuries)
Nubia: Banu Kanz, Juhayna, Arabization of the Nilotic Sudan
Nyabingi Cult and Resistance
Nyanga Hills
Nyerere, Julius
O
Obasanjo, Olusegun
Obote, Milton
Odinga, A. Oginga
Oil
Olduwan and Acheulian Cultures
Olympio, Sylvanus
Organization of African Unity (OAU) and Pan-Africanism
Oromo: Origins, Social and Economic Organization
Oromo: Migration and Expansion: Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
Ovimbundu States
P
Pan-African Technical Organizations and Associations
Peacekeeping: Postcolonial Africa
Peasant Production, Colonial
Peasant Production: Food, Markets: West Africa
Pedi Kingdom, and Transvaal, 1822-1879
Permanent Settlement, Early
Phelps-Stokes Commission
Plaatje, Sol T.
Plantations and Labor, Colonial
Policing, Colonial
Polisario and the Western Sahara
Political Parties and One-Party States
Political Systems
Population and Demography
Port Harcourt
Portugal: Exploration and Trade in the Fifteenth Century
Press: Northern Africa
Press: Southern Africa
Press: Tropical Africa
Pretoria
Production and Exchange, Pre-Colonial
Professions, Africans in: Colonial
Punt and Its Neighbors
Q
Qayrawan
R
Rabih ibn Fadl Allah, Bahr el-Ghazal, Borno
Railways
Ramphele, Dr. Mamphela Aletta
Ramses II
Rawlings, J.J.
Refugees
Religion, Colonial Africa: Conversion to World Religions
Religion, Colonial Africa: Independent, Millenarian/Syncretic Churches
Religion, Colonial Africa: Indigenous Religion
Religion, Colonial Africa: Islamic Orders and Movements
Religion, Colonial Africa: Missionaries
Religion, Colonial Africa: Prophetic Movements
Religion, Colonial Africa: Religious Responses to Colonial Rule
Religion, History of
Religion, Postcolonial Africa: African Theology, Indigenization
Religion, Postcolonial Africa: Independence and Churches, Mission-Linked and Independent
Religion, Postcolonial Africa: Islam
Religion, Postcolonial Africa: Neo-Pentecostalism
Religion, Postcolonial Africa: Church/State Relations
Religion: Indigenous Beliefs: sub-Saharan Africa
Religion: Islam, Growth of: Western Africa
Reserves
Resettlement of Re-Captives: Freetown, Libreville, Liberia, Freretown, Zanzibar
Resistance to Colonialism
Reunion: 19th Century to 1946
Reunion: 1946 to the Present
Rhodes, Cecil J.
Rhodes, Jameson, and Seizure of Rhodesia
Rinderpest and Smallpox: East and Southern Africa
Rock Art, Saharan
Rock Art: Eastern Africa
Rock Art: Southern Africa
Rock Art: Western and Central Africa
Royal Niger Company, 1886-1898
Rudd Concession, 1888
Rumfa, Muhammad
Rural Development, Postcolonial
Rwanda: to 1800
Rwanda : Pre-Colonial, 19th Century
Rwanda: Colonial Period: German and Belgian Rule
Rwanda: Civil Unrest, Independence, 1959-1962
Rwanda: 1962-1990
Rwanda: Genocide, 1994
Rwanda: Genocide, Aftermath of
S
Sahara: Peoples of the Desert
Sahara: Salt: Production, Trade
Sahara: Trans-Saharan Trade
Salah al-Din/Saladin
Samkange, Rev. D.T.
Sanhaja
Sao Tome & Principe, 1800 to present
Sao Tome and Principe to 1800
Sassou-Nguesso, Denis
Savimbi, Jonas
Schreiner, Olive
Segu: Origins and Growth of a Bamana Kingdom
Sena, Tete, Portuguese and Prazos
Senegal: Futa Toro, Early 19th Century
Senegal: 19th Century, Later
Senegal: Faidherbe, Louis and Expansion of French Senegal, 1854-1865
Senegal: Colonial Period: Railways
Senegal: Colonial Period: Four Communes: Dakar, St Louis, Gore and Rufisque
Senegal: World War I
Senegal: Colonial Period: Administration and Assimilation
Senegal: Colonial Period: Economy
Senegal: World War II
Senegal: Nationalism, Federation, Independence
Senegal: Independence to the Present
Senegal: Casamance Province, Conflict in
Seychelles: 19th Century to 1960
Seychelles: Independence, Revolution and Reform, 1960 to Present
Shaka, Zulu Kingdom, 1810-1840
Sierra Leone: Origins, 1787-1808
Sierra Leone: Development of the Colony, 19th Century
Sierra Leone: Christianity, Education, Krio Diaspora
Sierra Leone: Temne, Mende and the Colony
Sierra Leone: Protectorate: Administration and Government
Sierra Leone: Protectorate: Economy
Sierra Leone: Margai, Sir Milton: Independence, Government of
Sierra Leone: Stevens, Siaka and the APC
Sierra Leone: Momoh, Joseph Saidu: Regime, 1986-1992
Sierra Leone: Diamonds, Civil War, 1990s
Sijilmasa, Zawila: trans-Saharan Trade
Sirikwa and Engaruka: Dairy Farming, Irrigation
Slavery in African Society
Slavery, Abolition of: East and West Africa
Slavery, Atlantic Basin in the Era of
Slavery, Colonial Rule and
Slavery, Plantation: East Africa and the Islands
Slavery: Atlantic Trade: Effects in Africa and the Americas
Slavery: Atlantic Trade: Abolition: Philanthropy or Economics?
Slavery: Atlantic Trade: Opposition, African
Slavery: Atlantic Trade: Trans-Atlantic Passage
Slavery: East Africa: 18th Century
Slavery: Mediterranean, Red Sea, Indian Ocean
Slavery: Trans-Saharan Trade
Smuts, Jan C.
Soba and Dongola
Sobukwe, Robert and the Pan-Africanist Congress
Socialism: Postcolonial Africa
Soga, Tiyo
Sokoto Caliphate, 19th Century
Sokoto Caliphate: Hausa, Fulani and Founding of
Soldiers, African: Overseas
Somalia: Pastoralism, Islam, Commerce, Expansion: To 1800
Somalia: 19th Century
Somalia: Hassan, Muhammad Abdile, and Resistance to Colonial Conquest
Somalia: Independence, Conflict, Revolution
Somalia: Barre, Muhammad Siad, Life and Government of
Somalia: 1990 to the Present
Songhay Empire, Gao and Origins of
Songhay Empire: Sonni Ali and the Founding of Empire
Songhay Empire: Ture, Muhammad and the Askiya dynasty
Songhay Empire: Moroccan Invasion, 1591
Soshangane, Umzila, Gungunhane and the Gaza State
South Africa: Missionaries: 19th century
South Africa: Confederation, Disarmament, First Anglo-Boer War, 1871-1881
South Africa: Gold on the Witwatersrand, 1886-1899
South Africa: Peasantry, African
South African War, 1899-1902
South Africa: Peace, Reconstruction, Union: 1902-1910
South Africa: Gandhi, Indian Question
South Africa: Colored Identity
South Africa: African National Congress (ANC)
South Africa: Industrial And Commercial Workers Union (ICU)
South Africa: Afrikaner Nationalism, Broederbond and National Party, 1902-1948
South Africa: World War I and II
South Africa: Segregation, Political Economy of
South Africa: Industry, Labor, Urbanization, 1940-1946
South Africa: Capitalist Farming, "Poor Whites," Labor
South Africa: Apartheid, 1948-59
South Africa: Homelands and "Bantustans"
South Africa: Mining
South Africa: Rural Protest and Violence, 1950s
South Africa: Defiance Campaign, Freedom Charter, Treason Trials: 1952-1960
South Africa: Apartheid, Education and
South Africa: Sharpeville Massacre, 1960
South Africa: Soweto Uprising
South Africa: Africa Policy
South Africa: Anti-Apartheid Struggle: Townships, the 1980s
South Africa: Anti-Apartheid Struggle, International
South Africa: Transition, 1990-1994
South Africa: 1994 to the Present
Southern Africa
Southern African Development Community (SADC)
Soviet Union and Africa
Soyinka, Wole K.
Stanley, Leopold II, Scramble
Stone Age (Later): Central and Southern Africa
Stone Age (Later): Eastern Africa
Stone Age (Later): Nile Valley
Stone Age (Later): Sahara and North Africa
Stone Age (Later): Western Africa
Stone Age, Middle: Cultures
Sudan: Turco-Egyptian Period, 1820-1885
Sudan: Mahdist State, 1881-1898
Sudan: Omdurman and Reconquest
Sudan: Condominium Period: Administration, Legacy in South
Sudan: Condominium Period: Economy
Sudan: Civil war, Independence, Military Rule, 1955-1964
Sudan: October Revolution, 1964
Sudan: Nimeiri, Peace, the Economy
Sudan: Cotton, Irrigation and Oil, 1970s
Sudan: Sadiq Al-Mahdi Regime, 1980s
Sudan: Turabi's Revolution, Islam, Power
Sudan: War: 1990s
Suez Canal
Swahil: Azania to 1498
Swahili, Portuguese and: 1498-1589
Swahili: Mombasa, Fort Jesus, the Portuguese, 1589-1698
Swahili Language
Swaziland: Sobhuza I, Foundation of Ngwane Kingdom
Swaziland: Swazi Kingdom, Survival of, 1839-1879
Swaziland: Concessions, Annexation, 1880-1902
Swaziland: Colonial Period: Land, Labor, Administration
Swaziland: Kingship, Constitution, Independence
Swaziland: Sobhuza II, Life and Government of
Swaziland: Mswati III, Reign of
T
Tanganyika (Tanzania): Early 19th Century
Tanganyika (Tanzania): Ngoni Incursion from the South
Tanganyika (Tanzania): Nyamwezi and Long-Distance Trade
Tanganyika (Tanzania): German Invasion and Resistance
Tanganyika (Tanzania): Maji Maji Rebellion, 1905-1907
Tanganyika (Tanzania): German Rule: Land, Labor and Economic Transformation
Tanganyika (Tanzania): World War I
Tanganyika (Tanzania): Colonial Period, British: "Indirect Rule"
Tanganyika (Tanzania): Colonial Period, British: Economy
Tanganyika/Tanzania: African Association, 1929-48
Tanganyika (Tanzania): Nationalism, TANU, Independence
Tanganyika (Tanzania): Arusha Declaration
Tanganyika/Tanzania: Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), One Party Politics
Tangier
Tanzania (Tanganyika): Uganda, Relations with
Tanzania (Tanganyika): Democracy and Capitalism: 1990 to the Present
Taxation
Taylor, Charles
Thuku, Harry
Timbuktu
Tippu Tip (Muhammed bin Hamed)
Togo: German Colonial Rule
Togo: Dual Mandate Colonial Rule, 1919-1957
Togo: Eyadema, Gnassingbe, Life and Era of
Toivo ya Toiva
Tombalbaye, F. Ngarta
Tonga, Ila and Cattle
Torwa, Changamire Dombo and the Rovzi
Toure, Samori and His Empire
Tourism: Postcolonial
Trade Unions: Postcolonial
Trade: East and Central Africa: Arms, Ivory, Slaves
Trade: Southern Africa: Arms, Ivory, Slaves, 19th Century
Trades, Unionism, Nationalism
Transport
Transportation: Postcolonial Africa
Tripoli
Tuareg: Takedda and trans-Saharan trade
Tuareg: Traders, Raiders and the empires of Mali and Songhay
Tuareg: 20th Century
Tukolor Empire of al-Hajj Umar
Tunis
Tunisia: Ahmad Bey and Army Reform
Tunisia: Khayr al-Din and Constitutional and Administrative Reform, 1855-1878
Tunisia: French Protectorate,1878-1900
Tunisia: Immigration and Colonization, 1881-1950
Tunisia: Nationalism, Growth of, 1881-1938
Tunisia: Neo-Destour and Independence, 1934-1956
Tunisia: Bourguiba, Presidency of: Government and Opposition
Tunisia: Bourguiba, Presidency of: Economic and Social Change
Tunisia: Ben Ali, Liberalization
Tunisia: Educational Policy and Development since Independence
Tunisia: Modern International Relations
Tutu, Desmond
U
Uganda: Early 19th Century
Uganda: Mwanga and Buganda, 1880s
Uganda: Colonization, Resistance, Uganda Agreement, 1890-1900
Uganda: Colonial Period: Administration, Economy
Uganda: Colonial Period: Northern Uganda
Uganda: Education
Uganda: Buganda Agreement, Independence, Political Parties
Uganda: Independence, Obote's First Regime, 1962-1971
Uganda: Amin Dada, Idi: Coup and Regime, 1971-1979
Uganda: Tanzanian Invasion, 1979-1980
Uganda: Obote: Second Regime, 1980-1985
Uganda: National Resistance Movement (NRM) and the Winning of Political Power
Uganda: Reconstruction: Politics, Economics
Uganda: Conflict, Regional Since 1990
Union Douaniere et Economique de L'Afrique Centrale (UDEAC)
Upare, Usambara, Kilimanjaro
Urbanization and Site Hierarchy: West Africa: Savannah and Sahel
Urbanization: Colonial Context
'Uthman dan Fodio
V
Vandals: North Africa
Verwoerd, H.F.
W
Wallace-Johnson, I.T.A. and Radical Politics: West Africa: 1930s
Water Supplies and Schemes
Welensky, Roy
Western Sahara: 19th Century to the Present
White Settler Factor: Economic And Political
Wolof and Jolof Empire
Women: History and Historiography
World Bank, IMF and Structural Adjustment
World History, Africa in
World War I: Survey
World War I: North and Saharan Africa
World War II: French West Africa, Equatorial Africa
World War II: North Africa
World War II: Sub-Saharan Africa: Economic Impact
Y
Yaounde
Yoruba States (Other Than Ife and Oyo)
Yoruba States: Trade and Conflict, 19th Century
Yoruba-Speaking Peoples
Yusuf ibn Tashfin: Almoravid Empire: Maghrib: 1070-1147
Z
Zaire: Politics, Regional
Zambia: Early 19th Century: Survey
Zambia: Long-Distance Trade, 19th Century
Zambia: Ngoni Incursion from the South
Zambia (Northern Rhodesia): British Occupation, Resistance: 1890s
Zambia (Northern Rhodesia): Colonial Period: Administration, Economy
Zambia (Northern Rhodesia): Copperbelt
Zambia (Northern Rhodesia): Mineworkers' Strikes: 1935, 1940
Zambia (Northern Rhodesia): Federation, 1953-1963
Zambia: Nationalism, Independence
Zambia: Religious Movements
Zambia: First Republic, 1964-1972
Zambia: Second Republic, 1973-1991
Zambia: 1991 to the Present
Zanzibar (City)
Zanzibar: Trade: Slaves, Ivory
Zanzibar: BuSaidi Sultanate in East Africa
Zanzibar: Britain, Germany, Scramble
Zanzibar: Colonial Period
Zanzibar: Revolution and Union (Tanzania)
Zimbabwe: 19th Century, Early
Zimbabwe: Incursions from the South, Ngoni and Ndebele
Zimbabwe: 1880s
Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia): Ndebele and Shona Risings: First Chimurenga
Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia): Colonial Period: Land, Tax, Administration
Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia): African Political and Trades Union Movements, 1920s and 
1930s
Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia): Urbanization and Conflict, 1940s
Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia): Federation
Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia): Nationalist Politics, 1950s and 1960s
Zimbabwe (Rhodesia): UDI and the Smith Regime, 1964-1979
Zimbabwe: Second Chimurenga, 1966-1979
Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe-Rhodesia, Lancaster House and Independence, 1978-80
Zimbabwe: Conflict and Reconstruction, 1980s
Zimbabwe: 1990s

Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:

Africa -- History -- Encyclopedias.