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Contents Preface Part I An Introduction to Aging Chapter 1 Quantity and Quality of Life What Is Aging? How Is Aging Described? What Causes Aging? Can the Aging Process Be Slowed? How Does Physical Aging Affect Quality of Life? Quality of Life Components Health and Fitness Contributions in Different Age Categories Chapter 2 Individual Differences Assessment of Individual Differences Sources of Individual Differences How Research Design Affects Our View of Individual Differences Can the Process of Studying People Influence Individual Differences? Biological Age Importance of Individual Differences in Understanding Aging Research Part II Physical Changes in Structure, Capacity, and Endurance Chapter 3 Physical Development and Decline Changes in Body Shape Changes in Body Composition Changes in Bone Coping With the Interface of Aging Bones, Muscles, and Tendons Skin: Taking the Brunt of the Environment for Years Chapter 4 Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Function Aging Effects on the Cardiovascular System Aging Effects on the Respiratory System Preventing or Postponing Aging Effects on the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems Chapter 5 Muscular Strength and Power Strength and Power Changes in Muscular Strength With Age Why Strength Decreases With Age Resistance Training for Strength Muscular Power Part III Motor Coordination, Motor Control, and Skill Chapter 6 Balance, Posture, and Locomotion Defining the Multiple Dimensions of Balance Theoretical Framework of Balance and Mobility Intrinsic Systems Contributing to Balance and Mobility Age-Associated Changes in the Systems Contributing to Balance and Mobility Posture Evaluating the Multiple Dimensions of Balance Locomotion Age-Associated Changes in Gait Measuring Gain Falling-When Balance Fails Can Falling in the Elderly Be Prevented? Chapter 7 Behavioral Speed Response Speed Age-Sensitive Factors That Affect Response Speed Reaction Time and Variability Other Factors Influencing Speed of Processing Theories of Response Slowing Neurobiological Explanations of Age-Related Slowing Movement Speed Functional Significance of Behavioral Speed Chapter 8 Motor Coordination and Control Definitions of Coordination, Control, and Learning Age-Related Sensorimotor Changes That Affect Coordination and Control Theoretical Strategies to Explain Coordination, Control, and Learning How Coordination and Control Are Accomplished Upper Limb and Hand Control Aging Effects on Two Important Tasks: Driving and Handwriting Learning Physical Skills Mechanisms of Learning: Neural Plasticity Compensatory Strategies for Losses of Coordination Psychological and Emotional Factors That Influence Coordination and Learning Part IV Physical-Psychosocial Relationships Chapter 9 Health, Exercise, and Cognitive Function Concepts of Physical Activity, Health and Fitness, and Cognitive Function Health and Physical Activity Effects on Cognitive Function Mechanisms by Which Physical Activity May Benefit Cognition Process by Which Fitness May Benefit Cognitive Function Implications of a Physical Activity-Cognition Relationship for Older Adults Chapter 10 Health-Related Quality of Life Quality of Life Well-Being Physical Function, Physical Activity, Fitness, and Exercise Influence of Exercise on Well-Being Characteristics of Exercise Related to Well-Being Part V Physical Performance and Achievement Chapter 11 Physical Function of Older Adults Definitions of Physical Function Hierarchy of Physical Function in Older Adults Determining Physical Function in the Elderly Role of Physical Activity in Postponing Disability and Facilitating Independent Living Exercise Interventions and Physical Function Expectations for Physical Performance of the Old and Oldest-Old Chapter 12 Physically Elite Older Adults Who Are the "Physically Elite" Older Adults? Masters Athletes Studying the Elite Physical Performance of Masters Athletes Masters Athletes' Record Performances Estimating Age-Related Changes in Physiological Function Capacity Nonphysiological Factors That Influence Maximum Sport Performance Social Support Systems and the Positive Secular Trend How Do They Do It? Glossary References Index About the Authors
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Aging -- Physiological aspects.
Aging -- physiology.
Aging -- psychology.