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Contents Preface 1 Introduction Definitions Importance of Studying Criminal Justice Profiling The Criminal Justice System Profiling and Political Philosophy Pluralism: The American Idea1 Elitism: The American Reality? Applications of Criminal Justice Profiling Profiling by the Police The Origins of Police Institutions Slave Patrols Emerging Theories of Crime and Profiling Common Police Profiles The Hijacker The Serial Killer Drug Courier Proactive and Reactive Profiling Prosecutorial and Judicial Profiling References 2 Issues in Criminal Justice Profiling Stereotyping and Profiling Police Discretion Charging Decisions In Court At Sentencing Constitution and Civil Rights Pros and Cons of Criminal Profiling Arguments against Profiling Arguments for Profiling Remedies Profiling after 9/11/01 References 3 Global Perspectives on Profiling Four Legal Traditions around the Globe Civil Law Tradition Common Law Tradition Socialist Law Tradition Islamic Law Tradition Legal Processes Profiling around the World Australia Germany France China Japan India Summing Up References 4 Chronology 5 Biographical Sketches Freda Adler (1933-) Harry A. Blackmun (1908-1999) Julian Bond (1940-) Henry Brown (1836-1913) Warren E. Burger (1907-1995) William J. Clinton (1946-) John Douglas W. E. B. DuBois (1868-1963) Franz Gall (1758-1828) Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1933-) Herman Goldstein John M. Harlan (1833-1911) Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) J. Edgar Hoover (1895-1972) Jesse Jackson (1941-) Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) Rodney King (1965-) John Lewis (1940-) Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) Thurgood Marshall (1908-1993) Kwasi Mfume (1948-) Rosa Parks (1913-) Lewis Powell (1907-1998) William H. Rehnquist (1924-) Janet Reno (1938-) Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) Margaret Sanger (1879-1966) Antonin Scalia (1936-) Al Sharpton (1954-) Roger Taney (1777-1864) August Vollmer (1876-1955) Earl Warren (1891-1974) Ida B. Wells (1862-1931) Byron White (1917-2002) Christine Todd Whitman (1947-) James Q. Wilson O. W. Wilson (1900-1972) 6 Selected Cases and State Statutes Cases Korematsu v. United States (1944) Hoyt v. Florida (1961) Delaware v. Prouse (1979) Bowers v. Hardwick (1986) Batson v. Kentucky (1986) United States v. Sokolow (1989) Whren et al. v. United States (1996) State Statutes California Colorado Connecticut Florida Illinois Kansas Kentucky Maryland Massachusetts Minnesota Missouri Nebraska Nevada Oklahoma Rhode Island Tennessee Texas Washington West Virginia 7 Organizations and Agencies Private Organizations Federal Government Agencies State Government Agencies 8 Print and Nonprint Resources Academic Studies Books, Government Publications, and Videos Books Government Publications Videos Glossary Index About the Author
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication:
Criminal justice, Administration of -- United States.
Racial profiling in law enforcement -- United States.