Table of contents for Yellowface : creating the Chinese in American popular music and performance, 1850s-1920s / Krystyn R. Moon.


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Contents
Acknowledgments	viii
Introduction	1
Chapter 1: Imagining China: Early Nineteenth-Century Writings and Musical Productions	16
	Nineteenth-Century American and European Writers 	20
	Exceptions	29
	Early-American Visions of China in Music	34
Chapter 2: Towards Exclusion: American Popular Songs on Chinese 
Immigration, 1850-1882	53
	The Creation of "John Chinaman"	57
	Bret Harte's "Heathen Chinee"	69
	Yellowface	73
	"Peculiar" Cultural Practices and Chinese Exclusion	81
Chapter 3: Chinese and Chinese Immigrant Performers on the American 
Stage, 1830s-1920s	101
	Human Curiosities	103
	Chinese Immigrants and Music in Public and Private Spaces	119
	Chinese Theaters	127
	World Expositions	143
Chapter 4: The Sounds of Chinese Otherness and American Popular 
	Music, 1880s-1920s	154
	Transcriptions of Chinese Music	157
	Musical Representations 	169
Chapter 5: From Aversion to Fascination: New Lyrics and Voices,	186
	1880s-1920s
	Yellowface and its Codification	190
	China, Chinatowns, and Racialized Space	196
	The Arrival of China Doll and Ming Toy	204
	African Americans and New Racializations	216
Chapter 6: The Rise of Chinese and Chinese American Vaudevillians, 
1900s-1920s	223
Openings	238
Types of Acts	246
Conclusion		263
Appendix A	274
Appendix B	298
Notes 	303
Index
About the Author	
Illustrations
Illustration 1: Portrait of Lee Tung Foo in a Chinese Costume 	 2
Illustration 2: "Moo-Lee-Chwa" (1796) by Karl Kambra and Dr. Scott 	36
Illustration 3: Charles Towner and Bret Harte's "The Heathen 
	Chinee" (1870)	 	72
Illustration 4: Backus Minstrels Playbill, California Theater, San Francisco	78
Illustration 5: Portrait of Ackland Von Boyle from the New York Dramatic 	
	Mirror (January 31, 1880)	 79
Illustration 6: Afong Moy Broadside, North American Hotel, New Orleans	 108
Illustration 7: Portrait of Yut Gum from the New York World (June 21, 1896) 139
Illustration 8: Introduction from Lee Johnson's "Chinese Highbinder 
	Patrol" (1897)	173
Illustration 9: William Furst's "A Chinese Ballad" (1897) published in the 
	New York Tribune	174
Illustration 10: "Ballad" from J. A. Van Aalst's Chinese Music	175
Illustration 11: J. S. Zamecnik's "Chinese Music" (1913)	177
Illustration 12: "Chinese Popular Air No. 1" (1805) from John Barrow's 	
	Travels in China	178
Illustration 13: William Jerome and Jean Schwartz's "Chinatown, My 
	Chinatown" (1910)	179-81
Illustration 14: Willard Robison's "Up and Down in China" (1926)	 183-85
Illustration 15: Female Hairstyles from the libretto of Yellow Jacket	193
Illustration 16: Backdrop from the libretto for The Yellow Jacket	195
Illustration 17: Portrait of Fay Bainter as Ming Toy from the sheet
	music cover of Bower's "Chinese Lullaby" (1919)	210
Illustration 18: Roy Turk, Bert Grant, & Cecil Arnold's "Ming Toy" (1919)	212
Illustration 19: Alex Rogers and Bert A. William's "Chink Chink 
	Chineeman" (1909)	226-29
Illustration 20: Cook and Stevens Advertisement from The New York
	 Age (December 24, 1908) 	230
Illustration 21: Portrait of Chee Toy from a Sheet Music Cover	242
Illustration 22: Portrait of Chung Hwa Comedy Four in Tuxedos	247
Illustration 23: Portrait of Jue Quon Tai 		249
Illustration 24: Portrait of Lady Tsen Mei from a Sheet Music Cover	250
Illustration 25: Portrait of Lee Tung Foo in a Scottish Costume	260




Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Popular music United States History and criticism, Chinese Americans Music History and criticism