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CONTENTS Preface: Introduction Chapter one: The Meaning of Peri Phuse_s 1. Prologue 2. The etymology of phusis 3. Phusis in the Odyssey 4. The first Presocratic occurrance of phusis 5. The comprehensive meaning of phusis 6. Peri phuse_s as the title of a work. 7. Interpretations of the meaning of phusis in the expression peri phuse_s 8. Phusis in the sense of pripordial matter 9. Phusis in the sense of process 10. Phusis in the sense of primordial matter and process 11. Phusis in the sense of origin, process and result 12. Several concrete examples illustrating such a notion 13. Notion and method in vogure with the Presocratics 14. Peri phuse_s revisited A. Euripides: fragment 910 B. Hippocratic treatise: On Fleshes 1.2 C. Xenophan: Memorabilia 1.1.11-15 D. Aristotle: Parts of Animals 1,1. 640b4-22 E. Plato: Laws 10.889a4-e2 15. Conclusion Chapter two: Cosmogonic Myth as an Antecedent to Peri Phuse_s Writings 1. What is a cosmogonic myth? 2. The Enuma Elish 3. Hesiod and writing 4. The Lelantine War 5. The basileis in Hesiod's Theogony 6. The prelude to the Theogony 7. The cosmogenesis 8. The castration of Uranos and the second cosmogenesis 9. The battles for sovereignity 10.The origin of humanity 11.The marriages of Zeus 12. General interpretation of the Theogony 13. The absence of ritual 14. The Works and Days as a sequal to the Theogony 15. Biographical details 16. Hesiod and the basileis 17. The advent of law Chapter three: Anaximander's Historia Peri Phuse_s 1. Prologue: Anaximander as the first philosopher 2. The phusis as arch_ 3. Linguistic analysis of the term to apeiron 4. Cosmos 5. Cosmogony: The formation of the universe 6. Cosmology: The structure of the universe 7. The sources of the cosmological model A. The mythical hypothesis B. The astronomical hypothesis C. The architectural hypothesis D. The political hypothesis a. Isonomia and nature b. Cosmology and social order 8. The origin of animals and humanity 9. The origin and development of society 10. Anaximander's map; the canvas of the oikoumen_ Chapter four: The HistoriaPeri Phuse_s from Xenophanes to the Atomists 1. Prologue 2. Xenophanes of Colophon 3. Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans 4. Heraclitus of Ephesus 5. Parmenides of Elea 6. Empedocles of Acragas 7. Anaxagoras of Clazomenae 8. The Atomists: Leucippus and Democritus Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index of Concepts and Proper Names Index of Classical Passages Cited 1
Library of Congress Subject Headings for this publication: Philosophy of nature History, Philosophy, Ancient